Mitral Subvalvular Apparatus in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy May Still Be Enigmatic
Publication date: February 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 2Author(s): Samer Kassem
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the methods applied would be efficient for the identification of these genetic cardiac diseases. PMID: 32079026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to determine the time course of development of diabetic cardiomyopathy in a model of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in vivo. Diabetes was induced in 6-week-old male FVB/N mice via streptozotocin (55 mg/kg i.p. for 5 days; controls received citrate vehicle). At 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks of untreated diabetes, left ventricular (LV) function was assessed by echocardiography before post-mortem quantification of markers of LV cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, collagen deposition, DNA fragmentation, and changes in components of the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) were assessed. Blood glucose and HbA1c levels were elevated...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heterogeneous disease in which an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) effectively prevents sudden cardiac death in at-risk individuals. Nevertheless, the cost-effectiveness of ICDs in this specific patient group has not been evaluated.
(Mayo Clinic) An approach based on artificial intelligence (AI) may allow EKGs to be used to screen for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the future. With hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the heart walls become thick and may interfere with the heart's ability to function properly. The disease also predisposes some patients to potentially fatal abnormal rhythms. Current EKG technology has limited diagnostic yield for this disease.
Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillators (S-ICD) are attractive for preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) as they mitigate risks of transvenous leads in young patients. However, S-ICDs may be associated with increased inappropriate shock (IAS) in HCM patients.
g;berg M Abstract BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of cardiomyopathies, which are a common cause of heart failure in young people, have increased during the last decades. An association between body weight in adolescence and future cardiomyopathy among men was recently identified. Whether or not this holds true also for women is unknown. The aim was therefore to determine whether for young women being overweight or obese is associated with a higher risk of developing cardiomyopathy. METHODS: This was a registry-based national prospective cohort study with data collected from the Swedish Medical Birth Register, 198...
Conclusions: This retrospective registry-based study provides a picture of CIED first implants in HCM patients in a Swedish tertiary university hospital. ICDs were the most commonly implanted devices, covering 59% of CIED implants. HCM patients receiving a pacemaker or an ICD had different epidemiological and clinical profiles. PMID: 32054352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Patients with HCM may have higher plasma D-dimer levels than subjects without HCM. D-dimer levels in patients with HCM are influenced by age, sex, atrial fibrillation, statin therapy and diastolic blood pressure. PMID: 32057272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionSeptal myectomy is safe and effective. Concomitant mitral operations do not increase morbidity and mortality.