Drechslerella dactyloides and Dactylaria brochopaga mediated structural defense in tomato plants pre-challenged with Meloidogyne incognita

Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Udai B. Singh, Shailendra Singh, Deepti Malviya, Rajan Chaurasia, Pramod K. Sahu, Sushil K. Sharma, A.K. SaxenaAbstractThe present study was undertaken with the objectives to study Drechslerella dactyloides NDAd-05 and Dactylaria brochopaga NDDb-15 mediated induction of structural defense responses leading to lower disease development and promoting growth in tomato pre-challenged with Meloidogyne incognita. The potential strains D. dactyloides NDAd-05 and D. brochopaga NDDb-15 were taken from Plant-Microbe Interaction and Rhizosphere Biology Lab, ICAR-National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms, Kushmaur, Maunath Bhanjan, India. In vitro root colonization assay was performed using D. dactyloides NDAd-05 and D. brochopaga NDDb-15 in sand:soil culture (2:1) and significant tomato root colonization by NDAd-05 and NDDb-15 was recorded. The study elucidated multifarious effects of D. dactyloides NDAd-05 and D. brochopaga NDDb-15 when inoculated either individually or in combination in tomato plants pre-challenged with M. incognita. Additionally, D. dactyloides NDAd-05 and D. brochopaga NDDb-15 increased antioxidant as well as biocontrol activities significantly in tomato against M. incognita. Microscopic visualization of H2O2 and superoxide radicals in tomato leaves further corroborated the above findings. Further, inoculation of D. dactyloides NDAd-05 and D. brochopaga NDDb-15 ac...
Source: Biological Control - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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Abstract In this case study, we investigated the efficacy of mirror therapy and online counseling in the management of phantom limb pain. The patient was a 28-year-old woman who experienced phantom limb pain after a traumatic transhumeral amputation three and a half months before initiating therapy. After a 40-minute educational session with a nurse researcher experienced in pain management and surgical nursing, the patient practiced mirror therapy at home for four weeks and kept in contact with the nurse using a mobile chat application. The patient scored the intensity of her pain before and after each practice s...
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research
This study has implications for supporting new graduates in practice, and for preparing physiotherapy students for interprofessional collaboration. PMID: 32077776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Interprofessional Care - Category: Health Management Tags: J Interprof Care Source Type: research
Lower extremity lymphedema can be severely disabling and affect the patients ’ daily life with difficulties in range of motion, fitting into normal clothing, subjective discomfort, risk of soft tissue infection and can also cause psychological distress [1]. Complete decongestive physiotherapy has been the most common non-surgical management in reducing edema volumes, altho ugh it is not a curative treatment method [2]. Surgical treatment of lymphedema is an alternative and, except from debulking surgery, there are currently four main surgical methods described; vascularized lymph node transfer, lymphaticovenular anas...
Source: Injury - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Vitacca M, Lastoria C, Delmastro M, Fiorenza D, De Cata P, Fusar Poli B, Gilè S, Prometti P, Paneroni M, Bianchi C, Mandora E, Porri R, Fracchia C Abstract To date treatment protocols in Respiratory and or Internal departments across Italy for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients at hospital admission with relapse due to exacerbation do not find adequate support in current guidelines. Here we describe the results of a recent clinical audit, including a systematic review of practices reported in literature and an open discussion comparing these to current real-life proce...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Annoni S, Bellofiore A, Repossini E, Lazzeri M, Nicolini A, Tarsia P Abstract Respiratory physiotherapy and rehabilitation are important therapeutic options in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). The aims of this review of clinical trials were to evaluate the safety and the effects on physiologic and clinical outcomes of airway clearance techniques (ACTs) and rehabilitation in NCFB patients, in comparison to usual care. The search was performed on March 2018 by using PubMed and PeDro databases. 33 studies were selected. The use of ACTs for NCFB were effective in increasing sputum volume although no ...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
In this case study, we investigated the efficacy of mirror therapy and online counseling in the management of phantom limb pain. The patient was a 28-year-old woman who experienced phantom limb pain after a traumatic transhumeral amputation three and a half months before initiating therapy. After a 40-minute educational session with a nurse researcher experienced in pain management and surgical nursing, the patient practiced mirror therapy at home for four weeks and kept in contact with the nurse using a mobile chat application. The patient scored the intensity of her pain before and after each practice session on a 0-to-1...
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: Case in Point Source Type: research
Abstract Raman spectroscopy is widely used in discriminative tasks. It provides a wide-range physio-chemical fingerprint in a rapid and non-invasive way. The Raman spectrometry uses a sensor array to convert photon signals into digital spectroscopic data. This analog-to-digital process can benefit from the compressed sensing (CS) technique. The major benefits include less memory usage, shorter acquisition time, and more cost-efficient sensor. Traditional compressed sensing and reconstruction is a series of mathematical operations performed on the signal. Meanwhile, for discriminative tasks, both the signal and the...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
The direct anterior approach (DAA), described by Carl Hueter in 1881, was first applied for hip replacement by Robert Judet in 1947 [1]. Later on, O'Brien et al used the DAA during hip hemiarthroplasty to avoid the post-operative immobilization and provide early physiotherapy for the patients [2]. In 1996, Joel Matta adopted this approach for total hip replacement, initiating a larger application of DAA worldwide [3]. Using the anterior technique, the hip joint can be approached by preserving the muscle [4,5].
Source: Injury - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Hyper-resistance at the joint is one of the most common symptoms in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Alterations to the structure and mechanical properties of the musculoskeletal system, such as a decreased muscle length and an increased joint stiffness are typically managed conservatively, by means of physiotherapy involving stretching exercises. However, the effectiveness of stretching-based interventions for improving function is poor. This may be due to the behavior of a spastic muscle during stretch, which is poorly understood. The main aim of this paper is to provide a mechanistic explanation as to why the effectiv...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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