Comparative Performance of Pulmonary Ultrasound, Chest Radiograph, and CT Among Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure*

Objectives: The study goal was to concurrently evaluate agreement of a 9-point pulmonary ultrasound protocol and portable chest radiograph with chest CT for localization of pathology to the correct lung and also to specific anatomic lobes among a diverse group of intubated patients with acute respiratory failure. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Medical, surgical, and neurologic ICUs at a 670-bed urban teaching hospital. Patients: Intubated adults with acute respiratory failure having chest CT and portable chest radiograph performed within 24 hours of intubation. Interventions: A 9-point pulmonary ultrasound examination performed at the time of intubation. Measurements and Main Results: Sixty-seven patients had pulmonary ultrasound, portable chest radiograph, and chest CT performed within 24 hours of intubation. Overall agreement of pulmonary ultrasound and portable chest radiograph findings with correlating lobe (“lobe-specific” agreement) on CT was 87% versus 62% (p
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research

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To report the utility of chest radiography following interventional radiology (IR) –performed ultrasound-guided thoracentesis.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific e-Poster Source Type: research
AbstractLung ultrasound (US) cannot be considered a new diagnostic imaging technique anymore, with some articles dating back 50  years. The question that hovers over it recently is why it is still not widely accepted, like chest radiography. So, have we wasted a lot of time without using lung US, or are we wasting our time using lung US? The main goals of this article are to underline all the advantages, potentials and reas ons to use lung US in everyday clinical practice, but also to address the main concerns linked to this imaging tool. From the standpoint of an experienced pediatric radiologist from a tertiary heal...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We describe a case of a staphylococcal lung abscess in a teenage girl with CF who presented with a two-week history of non-specific malaise followed by two days of left posterior chest pain and fever. A chest radiograph was consistent with a left sided pulmonary abscess, which was confirmed on a CT scan of the chest. The abscess was drained under ultrasound guidance and cultured methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. The patient responded well to antibiotic treatment with the abscess cavity showing complete radiological resolution by six weeks post drainage.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionOur specifically trained, radiographer ‐led PICC insertion service proved to be successful. Both straightforward and complex insertions, for example in CF patients could be adequately and efficiently performed.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsEnvironmental epidemiology has revealed that several organs and systems in the human body are targets of air pollutants. Current imaging methods that can assess the deleterious effects of pollutants includes a whole spectrum: radiography, US, CT and MRI. Future studies will help to reveal additional links among environmental disease networks.
Source: Insights into Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency ultrasonography could be another cross-sectional imaging modality in adjunct to radiographs for diagnosing imminent peri-implant diseases and conditions that negatively influence quality of life of millions of patients with implants. This case study provides a framework for future related research work and clinical scanning guidelines. PMID: 32017634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo develop a deep learning algorithm that can rule out significant rotator cuff tear based on conventional shoulder radiographs in patients suspected of rotator cuff tear.MethodsThe algorithm was developed using 6793 shoulder radiograph series performed between January 2015 and June 2018, which were labeled based on ultrasound or MRI conducted within 90  days, and clinical information (age, sex, dominant side, history of trauma, degree of pain). The output was the probability of significant rotator cuff tear (supraspinatus/infraspinatus complex tear with>  50% of tendon thickness). An operat...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This article reviews the strengths and limitations of these imaging modalities and how they can be utilized in commonly encountered clinical questions.
Source: Clinics in Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
​Paracentesis can be a quick and simple procedure with the right equipment and a well-rehearsed approach. It's important to practice this skill in the procedure lab and to familiarize yourself with the kit in your department a few times a year. This month, we focus on paracentesis set-up and basics, and next month we will review the nuts and bolts of completing the procedure.Important equipment for paracentesis: Five or six collection bottles, antiseptic prep, and a paracentesis kit. Consider longer needles for abdominal walls thicker than 2.5 cm.Grab the ultrasound and a pen. Position your patient at a 45-degree angle, ...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Approximately 4 of 10 interfacility transfers are discharged by the receiving facility, suggesting an opportunity to provide more comprehensive care at referring facilities. On the basis of the care provided at the receiving facility, potential interventions might include increased subspecialty access and developing both ultrasound and sedation capabilities.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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