Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 191: Multiple Myeloma and Thrombosis: Prophylaxis and Risk Prediction Tools

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 191: Multiple Myeloma and Thrombosis: Prophylaxis and Risk Prediction Tools Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers12010191 Authors: Despina Fotiou Maria Gavriatopoulou Evangelos Terpos Thromboembolism in multiple myeloma (MM) patients remains a common complication that renders the optimization of our thromboprophylaxis practice necessary. This review aims to make clear the need for the development of more accurate risk assessment tools and means of thrombosis prevention. Current clinical practice is guided by available guidelines published by the IMWG in 2014, but the extent to which these are implemented is unclear. Recently, several groups developed clinical scores for thrombosis risk in MM in an attempt to improve risk stratification, but these have not been validated or used in clinical practice so far. Research in this field is increasingly focusing on understanding the unique coagulation profile of the MM patient, and data on potential biomarkers that accurately reflect hypercoagulability is emerging. Finally, promising evidence on the effectiveness of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in the context of thrombosis prevention in MM patients is increasingly becoming available. The critical appraisal of the above research areas will establish the necessity of combining disease-specific clinical risk factors with coagulation biomarkers to allow more effective risk stratification that will eventually lead to the reduction of this significant compli...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hematological cancer has risk of venous thromboembolism of 28 fold compared to sex and age adjusted incidence in general population (JAMA 2005;293:715-722). This risk increases in patients with MM receiving dexamethasone and immunomodulatory drug. Thus, thromboprophylaxis with aspirin in low risk patients and LMWH or warfarin in high risk patients are recommended (Leukemia 2008;22:414-423). Direct oral anticoagulants are promising due to their convenience and costs-effectiveness in preventing VTE in other settings. They have not been extensively studied in myeloma therapy.From January of 2010 to December of 2017, 105 with ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy Source Type: research
Abstract The term 'economy class syndrome' refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events during long-haul flights that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin (immobilization, hypobaric hypoxia and low humidity) and the passenger (body mass index, thrombophilia, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, cancer), acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism. Several risk factors, both genetic and acquired, are associated with venous thromboembolism. The most ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this second update, we confirmed that primary thromboprophylaxis with LMWH significantly reduced the incidence of symptomatic VTE in ambulatory cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. In addition, the uLMWH semuloparin, which is not commercially available, significantly reduced the incidence of symptomatic VTE. The risk of major bleeding associated with LMWH, while not reaching statistical significance, suggest caution and mandate additional studies to determine the risk-to-benefit ratio of LMWH in this setting. Despite the encouraging results of this review, routine prophylaxis in ambulatory cancer pati...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 4. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rate...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Featured Source Type: blogs
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