Understanding the Socio-demographic Factors Surrounding Young Peoples ’ Risky Sexual Behaviour in Ghana and Kenya

AbstractGlobally, young people in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be the population at the greatest risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as HIV and AIDS, Syphilis, and Gonorrhoea. Research has shown significant relationship between young peoples risky sexual behaviours and their vulnerability to these STIs. The study examined risky sexual behaviours among the youth in Ghana and Kenya in relation to socio-demographic characteristics. The paper uses data from the 2014 Demographic and Health Surveys of Ghana and Kenya. Young people between the ages of 15 to 24  years who were not married or living with a man/woman were included in the study. They comprised 2545 females and 1437 males from Ghana and 3546 females and 4317 males from Kenya. Descriptive analyses and binary logistic regression estimation technique were used to analyse the data. While awarenes s of AIDS was universal among the youth of both countries, utilisation of condoms on last penetrative sex was low. Risky sexual behaviour among young people was significantly associated with age, level of education, wealth status and religion. Among males and females in Ghana, the odds of sexual ris k taking behaviour were higher among those who were employed than those who were unemployed. The reverse of this, however, occurred in Kenya, where males and females who were employed were less likely to engage in risky sexual behaviours than their counterparts who were unemployed. Our findings unde rscore the nee...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study investigated the discordance between self-perceived HIV risk and actual risk. METHODS: Data were obtained between May 2015 and October 2016 from MSM and TGW enrolled in key population-led Test and Treat study in six community health centres in Thailand. Eligible participants were at least 18 years old, Thai national, had sex with men, had unprotected sex with a man in the past six months or had at least three male sex partners in the past six months, and were not known to be HIV positive. Baseline demographic behavioural characteristics questionnaires, including self-perceived HIV risk, were self-admini...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusion: Among MSM on PrEP, we observed a higher incidence of STIs and faster time to first symptomatic STI than MSM not using PrEP. PrEP may be a contributing factor in increasing STI rates among MSM.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SOCIAL Source Type: research
This study is ongoing; the data cutoff for this analysis was June 30, 2018.FindingsBetween Aug 3, 2015, and May 31, 2016, 376 participants were recruited, of whom nine participants were lost to follow-up, thus 367 participants were included in the analysis. Overall, 365 MSM and two transgender women were included, contributing 681·7 person-years of follow-up. At enrolment, 269 (73%) of 367 participants chose daily PrEP and 98 (27%) participants chose event-driven PrEP. Two individuals in the daily PrEP group became HIV-positive; overall HIV incidence rate was 0·30 per 100 person-years (95% CI 0·07&ndas...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Globally, more than 1 million people contract a curable sexually transmitted infection each day, amounting to more than 376 million new cases annually of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
Abstract Patients who are HIV-positive and co-infected with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. This is of clinical significance. There has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of STIs, particularly syphilis, gonorrhoea, Mycoplasma genitalium and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in HIV-positive patients. The reasons for this are multifactorial, but contributing factors may include effective treatment for HIV, increased STI testing, use of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and use of social media to meet sexual partners. The rate of syphilis-HIV co-infection is incr...
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Res Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: STIs were extremely common among HIV-positive MSM prior to and after ART. ART effectively reduced HIV RNA in all compartments. The correlation between STIs and anogenital HIV RNA, especially prior to ART and likely until complete HIV RNA suppression from ART is achieved, points to the importance of integrating asymptomatic STIs screening into Treatment as Prevention programme for MSM. PMID: 30225927 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusions: Both antibiotics and changing sexual behaviour have had a powerful effect on STI rates. These data suggest gonorrhoea is more difficult to control than syphilis or chancroid. Indeed, the past rates suggest substantial endemic gonorrhoea transmission in heterosexuals occurred in the third quarter of last century before the appearance of the HIV pandemic. Worryingly, there is a suggestion that endemic heterosexual gonorrhoea may be returning. The data also suggest that future control of gonorrhoea and syphilis in men who have sex with men is going to be challenging. PMID: 29720070 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Commun Dis Intell Q Rep Source Type: research
Conclusion: Increased rates of STIs among individuals after initiation of PrEP may suggest greater risk behaviours during the first year on PrEP. Further studies are needed to measure long-term trends in STI acquisition following PrEP initiation.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research
This study assesses the level of knowledge about STDs among Palestinians aged 14–30 years. Methods The Palestinian Family Health Survey 2010 from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) included questions about young peoples’ knowledge of STDs, including AIDS, syphilis, gonorrhoea, fungal infections, and genital warts. A knowledge scale was developed from questions excluding AIDS disease, which is known by most young people. Internal consistency was α=0·62. Respondents were recorded as having either no knowledge of STDs or knowledge of at least one disease. Bivariate analysis was comple...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions Among a representative sample of US residents, pubic hair grooming was positively related to self-reported STI history. Further research is warranted to gain insight into STI risk-reduction strategies.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Press releases, Drugs: infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, HIV / AIDS, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, HIV infections, Health education Clinical Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Education | Ghana Health | Gonorrhoea | HIV AIDS | International Medicine & Public Health | Kenya Health | STDs | Study | Syphilis | Unemployment | Universities & Medical Training