Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perception of Health Care Workers Regarding COVID-19, A Cross-Sectional Study from Egypt
This study aimed to assess the knowledge, perception, and attitude of the Egyptian HCWs towards the COVID-19 disease. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Egypt, among 407 HCWs using a self-administered questionnaire. The mean correct answer rate was 80.4% with a mean knowledge score of 18.5  ± 2.7 out of 24. A positive correlation between knowledge and attitude scores was detected (r = 0.215, p 
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Self-efficacy and HPV Vaccine Attitudes Mediate the Relationship Between Social Norms and Intentions to Receive the HPV Vaccine Among College Students
AbstractHuman papillomavirus (HPV) has been linked to genital warts and multiple cancers affecting both men and women. Despite college students ’ high risk for HPV, their vaccination rates remain suboptimal. The current observational study examined the relationship between social norms and HPV vaccine intentions and potential mechanisms underlying this relationship among undergraduates. Participants (N = 190; 66.8% female) completed a survey assessing HPV vaccine social norms, attitudes, self-efficacy, and intentions. Three mediation analyses were conducted to examine whether self-efficacy and attitudes...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Telephone or Visit-Based Community Health Worker Care Management for Uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus: A Longitudinal Study
AbstractCommunity health workers (CHWs) can reduce health disparities for low income patients but type of contact and outcomes has had limited study. Low-income Hispanic primary care patients with hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c]  ≥ 9% received care managment (CM) over 6 months classified as: (CM1) telephone only; (CM2) clinic visit but no calls; (CM3) clinic visit with calls; and (CM4) ≥ 2 visits ± calls. Type of CM delivery and time to DM control (HbA1c 
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Opinions of Family Physicians on Some Tobacco Products
This study aimed to evaluate the opinions of family physicians, who have an important place in preventive health services, on some tobacco products. The sample of the descriptive study was composed of family physicians working in 408 family health centers serving Samsun, Turkey. The data were obtained by distributing a questionnaire prepared by the researchers to volunteer family physicians during in-service trainings organized by the Samsun Provincial Directorate of Health in February and March 2019. In all, 322 (79%) family physicians who participated in the trainings were included in the study. The average age of the pa...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nocturia is an Independent Predictor of Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Women: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
This study aimed to explore potential associations between nocturia and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC).  We analyzed 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived AAC data and concurrent interview data on kidney conditions from respondents aged 40–80 years. AAC was defined as a score ≥ 1 on the 24-point semi-quantitative AAC scale. Noct uria was defined as an average of ≥ 2 voids per night. Three incremental multivariate logistic regression models controlling for (1) age, (2) sex, race, and BMI, and (3) hypertension...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety, Distress and Insomnia and Related Factors in Healthcare Workers During COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of depression, anxiety, distress, and insomnia and related factors in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. We applied the study survey online to HCWs during the pandemic in Turkey between 23 April and 23 May 2020. We used the sociodemographic data form, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, General Anxiety Disorder-7, Insomnia Severity Index, and Impact of Event Scale-Revised. Six hundred twenty (66.0%) of the 939 HCWs taking part in the study were female, 580 (61.8%) were physicians, 569 (60.6%) were working on the front line. Seven hundred t...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and Perception Towards Universal Safety Precautions During Early Phase of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Nepal
This study found optimal knowledge and perception of universal safety measures of COVID-19 among the Nepalese population, but misinformation and misundersta nding prevailed. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of the Vietnamese as Key Factors in Controlling COVID-19
This study aimed to describe knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) in controlling COVID-19 and some related factors among the Vietnamese population in 2020. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 1999 participants aged 18 –59 years old, through an online questionnaire. The results showed that 92.2% of the participants had a high knowledge level regarding COVID-19 prevention measures, 68.6% had a positive attitude toward COVID-19 prevention measures, and 75.8% practiced all six measures for preventing the spread of the virus. Age, sex, marital status, knowledge, and fear were significantly associated...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Towards COVID-19 Among Ecuadorians During the Outbreak: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey
This study explored KAPs among people in Ecuador. A cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire was used to assess knowledge about COVID-19, attitudes toward ability to control COVID-19, self-reported practices related to COVID-19, and demographics. A total of 2399 individuals participated. Participants had moderate to high levels of knowledge. Participants expressed mixed attitudes about the eventual control of COVID-19 in Ecuador. Participants reported high levels of adoption of preventive practices. Binomial regression analysis suggests unemployed individuals, househusbands/housewives, or manual laborers, as well as t...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Ramapough Lunaape Nation: Facing Health Impacts Associated with Proximity to a Superfund Site
This study aimed  to evaluate self-reported exposure to the Ringwood Mines/Landfill Superfund Site in relation to chronic health outcomes among members of the Ramapough Lunaape Turtle Clan nation and other local residents of Ringwood, New Jersey. Community surveys on personal exposure to the nearby Superfund site, self-reported health conditions, and demographics were conducted with 187 members of the Ramapough Lunaape Turtle Clan Nation and non-Native Americans residing in Ringwood, New Jersey from December 2015 to October 2016. Multiple logistic regression was performed to assess the association between eth nicity a...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Rapid Testing Algorithms for Venue-based Anonymous HIV Testing among Non-HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men, National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS), 2017
AbstractHIV rapid testing algorithms (RTAs) using any two orthogonal rapid tests (RTs) allow for on-site confirmation of infection. RTs vary in performance characteristics therefore the selection of RTs in an algorithm may affect identification of infection, particularly if acute. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) assessed RTAs among men who have sex with men recruited using anonymous venue-based sampling. Different algorithms were evaluated among participants who self-reported never having received a positive HIV test result prior to the interview. NHBS project areas performed sequential or parallel RTs using wh...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Mortality Among COVID-19 Patients: A Meta-Analysis
AbstractObjectivesThe main aim of this study was to find the prevalence of mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 infected patients and associated risk factors for death.MethodsThree electronic databases including PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar were searched to identify relevant cohort studies of COVID-19 disease from January 1, 2020, to August 11, 2020. A random-effects model was used to calculate pooled prevalence rate (PR), risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for both effect measures. Cochrane chi-square test statistic Q,\({I}^{2}\), and\({\tau }^{2}\) tests were used to measure the presence of he...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Coverage of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Online Versions of Highly Circulated U.S. Daily Newspapers
AbstractWith the proliferation of news and the abundance of unknowns, COVID-19 information became rife with rumors and infiltrated consumers with confusion and information overload. In situations like this, it is important to provide consumers with credible and reliable information about the pandemic which is affecting their lives and livelihoods. Articles about coronavirus published in online versions of USA Today online, Wall Street Journal online and NYTimes.com between January and March 2020 were identified. Only articles where the search terms appeared in the headline were included as it was considered a more effectiv...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Effect of Obesity on Asthma Severity in Urban School Children of Kanpur, India: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study
Discussion section should have been embraced by quotation marks. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards COVID-19 Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in Kigali, Rwanda
AbstractAs with other countries globally, Rwanda has faced a recent outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) against a backdrop of an HIV epidemic. At present, there is no successful cure or vaccine for both COVID-19 and HIV. People with underlying conditions, including HIV, are at increased risk of severe COVID-19 manifestations. This underscores the need to enhance the knowledge, attitudes, and practice of people living with HIV (PLWH) to protect this population against COVID-19. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 31 to September 18, 2020 among 376 participants who were select...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Vaccination Rates Among Patients Age 65 Years and Older Who Require Interpreter Services in the State of Minnesota
AbstractIn the United States, the growing population of older adults with limited English language proficiency (LEP) faces profound health care disparities. Previous research on vaccination of older adults has been based on self-reported data, without clinical verification. We compared pneumococcal vaccination rates between a patient group with LEP and a group of English speakers in an older community-dwelling population. A population-nested matched cohort of participants age 65  years and older was identified in Minnesota. Patients with LEP were identified through an electronic alert within the electronic health reco...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients Treated in the Emergency Department of a New York City Hospital
AbstractDemographic and socioeconomic factors can contribute to community spread of COVID-19. The aim of this study is to describe the demographics and socioeconomic factors in relation to geolocation of COVID-19 patients who were discharged from the emergency department (ED) back into the community. This retrospective study was conducted over a 7-week period, at an urban, adult, level 1 trauma center in New York City. Demographics, socioeconomic factors, and geolocation of COVID-19 patients discharged from the ED were extracted from the electronic medical records. Patients were stratified by gender for data analysis. A to...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Extent of Commitment of Saudis During Holy Ramadan to Social Distancing Measures Required for the Prevention of Transmission of COVID-19
AbstractCoronavirus disease (hereafter COVID-19) was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. People were admitted to hospitals complaining of fever, fatigue, cough, and difficulty breathing. Consequently, the strategy being adopted to limit the spread of COVID-19 is to encourage people in society to follow preventive measures. We aimed to estimate how the knowledge of and compliance with safe distancing measures affected the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia during Holy Ramadan. A cross-sectional survey was implemented in the central regions of Saudi Arabia from 24th of ...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Associations of Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Testing in the US Population: Results from a National Cross-Sectional Survey
AbstractProstate-specific antigen (PSA) testing is one of the standard screening methods for prostate cancer (PC); however, a high proportion of men with abnormal PSA findings lack evidence for PC and may undergo unnecessary treatment. Furthermore, little is known about the prevalence of PSA testing for US men, after the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against routine PSA screening in 2012. Our objectives were to: (1) examine the self-reported patterns of PSA testing following a change in the USPSTF prostate cancer screening recommendations and (2) to determine the associated socio-demographic factor...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Descriptive Study of Pain Relief Practices Among Student-Athletes in Palestine: Focus on Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs, and Complementary Medicine and Alternative Medicine Use
This study shows a high prevalence of NSAIDs and CAM use among student-athletes in Palestine with a low level of knowledge and awareness of their side-effects. Therefore, education strategies that focus on enhancing and improving student-athletes’ knowledge of the proper use and the possible side-effects of NSAIDs and CAM are needed. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Insurance Status with Patient Health at New Orleans Student-Run Free Clinics
This study demonstrates the benefits of health insurance and provides important data that can inform future health insurance enrollment efforts and hea lth policy. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Colorectal Cancer-Related Knowledge, Acculturation, and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Among Low-Income Vietnamese Americans in the Greater Philadelphia Metropolitan Area
This study examined whether comprehensive measures of acculturation and knowledge of CRC risk are associated with different health behaviors, specifically physical activity, protective dietary behaviors, and risky dietary behaviors in Vietnamese Americans. We recruited 374 Vietnamese Americans aged 50 or above from community-based organizations in the Vietnamese American communities in the greater Philadelphia metropolitan area. Through a cross-sectional survey, we collected data on their knowledge of CRC prevention and risk factors, acculturation-related factors, and sociodemographic characteristics. We found limited know...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID-Related Functional Difficulties and Concerns Among University Students During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Binational Perspective
In conclusion—while the level of exposure and difficulties may differ by country and context, their associations with students’ concerns seem robust. Additionally, repeated exposure to media coverage about a commun ity threat can lead to increased anxiety. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Case Study in Academic-Community Partnerships: A Community-Based Nutrition Education Program for Mexican Immigrants
AbstractHispanics are the largest U.S. immigrant group and Mexican Americans are the largest U.S. Hispanic population.  Hispanics, particularly Mexican Americans, are among the highest risk groups for obesity, placing them at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. Obesity lifestyle interventions incorporating Motivational Interviewing techniques and specific adaptations for the popu lation of interest can have a significant impact on reducing health risks. This paper presents a community-engaged, culturally-sensitive nutrition and dietary counseling intervention conducted between 2...
Source: Journal of Community Health - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual Dating Violence, School-Based Violence, and Risky Behaviors Among U.S. High School Students
This study explored the associations between school-based violence, risky health behaviors, and sexual dating violence victimization among U.S. high school students using the 2017 Youth Behavior Risk Survey data. Results indicate a statistically significant correlation (p  
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Etiologic Agents of Fever of Unknown Origin Among Patients Attending Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, Zanzibar
AbstractBackgroundFever of unknown origin (FUO) remains an important public health problem. With malaria transmission declining in some parts of Africa, the evidence suggests other infectious agents now account for most FUO. The purpose of this study was to identify the etiologic agents of FUO in a cross-section of patients at the Mnazi Mmoja hospital in Zanzibar, Tanzania.MethodologyA multiplex TaqMan gene expression Array Card (TAC) and plates were used for detection and classification of different pathogens in blood samples obtained from patients with FUO. Logistic regression analyses was performed using pathogens detec...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Eviction and Pediatric Health Outcomes in Chicago
AbstractAccording to Eviction Lab there were 6877 evictions in Chicago in 2016. The rate was “1.1%” and came out to 18.79 evictions per day in Chicago in 2016. The presence of children in a household (HH) poses a greater risk for eviction than race or gender. Census tract-level data from the Chicago Department of Public Health, the Eviction Lab and American Community Survey was used to assess the relationship between eviction and pediatric health outcomes for 653 census tracts in Chicago. Correlation matrices and linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between eviction and health outcome...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Material Hardship and Indoor Allergen Exposure among Low-Income, Urban, Minority Children with Persistent Asthma
AbstractTraditional measures of socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with asthma morbidity, but their specific contributions are unclear. Increased exposure to indoor allergens among low SES children is an important consideration. Material hardship, a concept describing poor access to basic goods and services, may explain the relationship between low SES and indoor allergen exposure, and thereby, the increased risk of asthma morbidity. We sought to (i) describe the specific hardships experienced by low-Income, urban, minority children with asthma and indoor allergen sensitization and (ii) determine if material hardshi...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and Attitude Among Lebanese Women Toward Hazardous Chemicals Used in Nail Cosmetics
This study was performed to determine Lebanese women ’s knowledge and attitudes toward adverse effects of compounds used in nail cosmetics. A national cross-sectional study was carried out using an online questionnaire and targeting women in Lebanon. Data was collected on sociodemographic characteristics, nail cosmetics’ application, preventive me asures, perceived knowledge and self-reported side effects associated with nail cosmetic’s use. A total cumulative knowledge score was calculated to categorize consumer knowledge. A total of 573 women completed the survey. Young women with a high school educatio...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevent and Protect: A Vaccination Initiative for Uninsured Patients at a Student-Run Free Clinic
In conclusion, with the appropriate funding and stewardship, student-run free clinics play a resourceful role in increasing access to preventative health care for uninsured patients. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Related to Physician-Delivered Dietary Advice for Patients with Hypertension
This study describes the barriers and facilitators to the provision of dietary advice for hypertension prevention and management among Canadian physicians. A validated 62-item cross-sectional survey was distributed online to 103 Canadian primary care physicians between 2017 and 2019. Eighty participants were included in the analyses. The majority of participants were based in Ontario (68.7%) and saw 10 –24 patients per week (53.5%). Fewer than half (47.5%) of participants were knowledgeable about the recommended sodium level by Hypertension Canada (
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Isolation of Gram-Positive, Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria from Tactile Mobile Phones in a Northwestern Mexican City
The objectives of the present research were to isolate bacteria from mobile phones, perform molecular and phylogenetic identification, and determine the antibiotic resistance profiles. The surfaces of 50 touch-screen mobile devices owned by bystanders were sampled in the city center of Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico. The samples were cultured on nutritive agar; 13 bacterial colonies were isolated and characterized based on their macroscopic and microscopic characteristics and then identified using PCR amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene V4 and V6 regions. Their taxonomic relationships were determined via a Bayesia...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Influenza and Pneumonia Vaccines Uptake Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the United States
In this study, we analyzed data on 40,555 adults aged  ≥ 65 years from the 2014–2018 National Health Interview Survey in the United States. Through multiple hierarchical logistic regression models, we investigated the associations between food insecurity and influenza and pneumonia vaccines uptake in this population. We found that, during 2014 –2018, about 12.6 million (5.3%) adults aged ≥ 65 years lived in food-insecure households in the United States. Of those, 60.6% reported getting an influenza vaccine in the past 12 months, and 54.2% reported ever getti...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking Prevalence, Knowledge and Perceptions on Tobacco Control Among Healthcare Professionals: A Survey in an Italian Cancer Center
AbstractSmoking is recognized as the major cause of lung cancer. Healthcare professionals play an important role in lung cancer prevention policies, as they act as a source of guidance for patients and advocates. The following survey evaluated prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes toward tobacco smoking among a sample of workers in “IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II” of Bari, an Italian cancer hospital. An anonymous questionnaire was completed by 104 healthcare professionals to collect personal and occupational data about smoking status, knowledge about the harms of smoking, current legislation in p...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preliminary Evaluation of a Prescription Opioid Misuse Prevention Program Among Rural Middle School Students
AbstractAdolescent opioid misuse, addiction, and overdose have emerged as national health crises. Nearly 17% of high school students have misused prescription opioids. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reach and acceptability of a widely-used prescription opioid misuse prevention program,This Is (Not) About Drugs © (TINAD), and its preliminary efficacy at improving opioid misuse knowledge, opioid misuse attitudes, self-efficacy to avoid opioid misuse, and intentions to misuse opioids. Participants were 576 7th grade students (Mage = 11.8; 51% boys; 39% Hispanic, 31% White, 20% Black) from a r...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Environmental Health Consults in Children Hospitalized with Respiratory Infections
In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of providing in-hospital environmental health consults for parents/guardians of children
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Beliefs and Attitudes Towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among a Non-urban, Malaysian Population
In this study we investigated the beliefs and attitudes that contributed to CAM choices in a non-urban Malaysian population (N  = 700). We found significant differences in the beliefs held by men and women in this population. Specifically, women believed more strongly than men that CAM providers offered healthy lifestyle advice (p = 0.042) and that those who were averse to discomfort from conventional treatments wer e more likely to take up CAM (p = 0.016). In addition, those individuals who chose to use CAM more strongly believed that CAM products were more healthy than convention...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and Behaviors of Adults with Underlying Health Conditions During the Onset of the COVID-19 U.S. Outbreak: The Chicago COVID-19 Comorbidities Survey
In conclusion, though most higher-risk individuals were aware of social distancing as a prevention strategy early in the outbreak, less than half reported enacting it, and racial disparities were apparent. Consistent messaging and the provision of tangible resources may improve future adherence to safety recommendations. (Source: Journal of Community Health)
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Electronic Cigarettes Prevalence and Awareness Among Jordanian Individuals
AbstractThe general awareness regarding E-smoking is varying from country to other depending on multivariable factors. We try to investigate the prevalence of E-Cigarette Awareness, Perceived Harmfulness, Prevalence, and Associations with Smoking-Cessation Outcomes among different age groups and different sex in Jordanian individuals. The study element shaped by data gathered from various questionnaire surveys. The questionnaire was of our own design the method of data collection was through online surveys Different applications were used to distributing the questionnaire including; Whatsapp, Facebook, Instagram, other soc...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge and Beliefs of Jordanian Community Toward E-cigarettes: A National Survey
AbstractElectronic nicotine delivery systems were promoted publically as a healthier replacement for conventional cigarettes. Knowledge and beliefs of the public can drive their behaviours to adapt or reject the new habit. No previous research was conducted in Jordan to assess electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) prevalence, and limited data are available on public opinions and orientation toward this new habit. To assess prevalence of, knowledge, attitude and beliefs about e-cigarettes, and examine factors associated with plans of quitting or initiating e-cigarettes among adults in Jordan. A large cross-sectional face-to-...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Community-Based Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Harm in Adults
This study aims to analyze the evidence on effective community-based interventions to reduce alcohol consumption and harm among adults and to identify their components and underlying theories. Search strategy involved five databases (January 2000 –March 2020). We included multicomponent, evaluated, and community interventions addressing to adults in urban settings of high-income countries. Furthermore, two conceptual frameworks were adapted to identify the social determinants of alcohol related harms and modifiable factors through communit y interventions. The initial search yielded 164 articles. The final sample inc...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Communicating Mental Health Support to College Students During COVID-19: An Exploration of Website Messaging
AbstractCollege counseling centers are assumed to play a vital role in addressing students ’ mental health needs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to characterize the extent to which NYC metropolitan area school websites communicated to students their updated mental health service offerings, psychoeducational information related to COVID-19, and community-based res ources after the abrupt end to on-campus services during the Spring semester. A total of 138 websites were analyzed. Overall, only half of the surveyed web pages provided information about remote counseling, and just under two th...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship Between Tick Activity, Tick-Borne Diseases, Cognitive and Affective Risk Assessment in Peri-domestic Areas
AbstractPeri-domestic areas constitute an important source of tick exposure and tick-borne diseases (TBD). Nonetheless, the association between distal TBD risk factors (i.e. cognitive-/affective-risk perceptions, knowledge of the effectiveness of personal protective behaviors) and proximal TBD risk (i.e. tick activity and TBD diagnosis), among adult residents of private residential properties (PRP) is unknown.  Data was collected from 299 PRP in south and central Indiana. We used Mann–Whitney U and Kruskal–Wallis non-parametric tests to identify differences in proximal and distal outcome measures. We ...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dental Care Utilization of Hospitalized Persons Living with HIV and Substance Use
AbstractPeople living with HIV (PLWH) who use drugs experience worse health outcomes than their non-using counterparts. Little is known about how often they seek dental care and the factors that influence their utilization. PLWH with substance use disorders who were inpatients at 11 urban hospitals (n  = 801) participated in a National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network study to improve engagement in HIV outcomes. Dental care utilization at each time point during the study period (baseline, 6 months and/or 12 months) was assessed (n = 657). Univariate analysis and logistic...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of COVID-19 Among Urban and Rural Residents in China: A Cross-sectional Study
This study aims to understand the knowledge, attitudes and practices of COVID-19 in the Chinese context and to provide insights for developing targeted outbreak prevention and control measures among the general public. We conducted an online survey of urban and rural residents in Henan Province. A total of 517 valid questionnaires were collected via the online platform. The mean scores for knowledge and practice were 5.57/9 and 2.04/3, respectively. More than 90% of the participants believed COVID-19 was serious and preventable, were concerned about the disease process, and actively engaged in learning related knowledge. O...
Source: Journal of Community Health - August 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Building a Culture of Health at the Neighborhood Level Through Governance Councils
AbstractTo explore facilitators and barriers to developing and sustaining collaboration among New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene ’s Neighborhood Health Action Centers and co-located partners, who share information and decision-making through a Governance Council structure of representative members. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2018 with 43 Governance Council members across the three Action Centers of East Ha rlem (13), Tremont (15), and Brownsville (15), New York City. Governance Council members identified collaboration through information- and resource-sharing, consistent meetings ...
Source: Journal of Community Health - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Views of Medical Faculty Students in Turkey Concerning the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractThe aim of this study was to elicit the views of medical faculty students regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive study was performed with Ondokuz May ıs University Medical Faculty students on 24–27 March, 2020. The Medical Faculty currently has 2051 students. A questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. For that purpose, the authors designed a questionnaire specifically for this research via the “Google Forms” web. This consisted of 40 open- and close-ended questions. The questionnaire was completed by 1375 (67.1%) students. Accordingly, 52.4% of medical students reported feelin...
Source: Journal of Community Health - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Social Support among Adult Egyptians
This study aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 on mental health and social support among Egyptian adults during the period of the pandemic. This is a cross-sectional observational study using an anonymous online questionnaire. The survey was conducted through a link shared on social networking sites. It was conducted from 2 May 2020 to 9 May 2020. The general populations of the Egyptian adults were included by using convenience and snowball sampling technique (510 adults). Impact Event scale mean 34.3  ± 15. About 211 (41.4%) suffered a severe impact. There was an increase in stress from work in 174...
Source: Journal of Community Health - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Falls and Fire Safety Program for Community-Dwelling Older Adults
This study evaluated changes in falls prevention and fire safety behaviors and perceptions and social support associated with falls and residential fires among older adults following delivery of the RW program by fire service personnel. In a convenience sample of adults 65 +  years residing in five Iowa communities, 70 received the RW program during a home visit and 75 received the RW program in a group presentation followed by a home visit. Baseline and follow-up telephone interviews were conducted to assess changes in falls and fire safety behaviors, perceptions and social support. Changes were assessed using McNe...
Source: Journal of Community Health - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Healthcare Workers in Italy: Results from a National E-Survey
Abstract Italy has been the first-hit European country to face the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Aim of this survey was to assess in depth the impact of the outbreak on healthcare workers (HCW). A 40-item online survey was disseminated via social media inviting Italian HCW, with questions exploring demographics, health status and work environment of respondents. A total of 527 were invited to take part in March 2020, of whom 74% (n  = 388) responded to the survey. Of these, 235 (61%) were women. HCW were mostly physicians (74%), from high-prevalence regions (52%). 25% experienced typical sy...
Source: Journal of Community Health - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research