Sporadic human cutaneous anthrax outbreak in Shaanxi Province, China: report of two cases from 2018

Publication date: Available online 9 January 2020Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Yuanyuan Liu, Yongqin Li, Qiaoxia Wang, Jianjun Fu, Fanpu JiAbstractChina’s compulsory annual livestock anthrax vaccination policy has remarkably reduced but not completely eradicated human anthrax infections. Herein we describe a sporadic human cutaneous anthrax outbreak involving two cases in 2018 in Shaanxi Province, both involving herdsman who dealt with unvaccinated and potentially sick cattle. Both patients showed Bacillus anthracis-positive blister smear and blood culture. Treatment with penicillin was followed by uneventful recovery for both. The prompt performance of the prophylactic measures successfully interrupted the further transmission of this sporadic human cutaneous anthrax outbreak.
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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