Knowledge Does Not Correlate with Behavior toward Deceased Organ Donation: A Cross-Sectional Study in Japan.

CONCLUSIONS For hospital staff in Japanese medical facilities, high knowledge about organ donation and transplantation was not associated with donor registration, but was associated with willingness to become an organ donor. PMID: 31896742 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research

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Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Living donation has a tremendous impact in bridging the gap between the shortage of organs and the growing list of transplant candidates but remains underutilized as a percentage of total transplants performed. This review focuses on obesity and social determinants of health as potential barriers to the expansion of living kidney donation. RECENT FINDINGS: The growing rate of obesity and associated metabolic syndrome make many potential donors unacceptable as donor candidates because of the future risk for developing chronic health conditions, such as hypertension and diabetes. The...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Organ Transplant Source Type: research
Conclusion: Knowledge of organ donation and transplantation were adequate. Matter accepting brain death and its implication still not clear for most of participants. We believe there is still room to improve. This could be achieved by integrating more education about different aspects of brain death and its implications through medical school years.
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Background. Shortages of organs for transplantation are a concern for many countries. In Australia’s “opt-in” system, people register their donation decision on the Australian Organ Donor Register (AODR) in their own time, yet
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
AbstractThe UK adopted the opt-out system (deemed or presumed consent) in end-of-life organ donation enforceable in May 2020. Presumed consent applies to adults but not children. Transplant advocates have recommended that all children on end-of-life care should be referred for potential organ donation to increase the supply of transplantable organs in the UK. To buttress this objective, a UK survey of parents of deceased children mostly with neurologic disorders secondary to severe brain injuries recommended the integration of routine parental discussion of donation regardless of donation eligibility in end-of-life care. D...
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Organ transplantation is undergoing profound changes. Contraindications for donation have been revised in order to better meet the organ demand. The use of lower-quality organs and organs with greater preoperative damage, including those from donation after cardiac death (DCD), has become an established routine but increases the risk of graft malfunction. This risk is further aggravated by ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) in the process of transplantation. These circumstances demand a preservation technology that ameliorates IRI and allows for assessment of viability and function prior to transplantation. Oxygenated h...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These study findings highlight areas for knowledge translation and further clinical research. Interprovincial discrepancies will likely pose unique challenges to national randomized trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03114436); registered 10 April, 2017. PMID: 32385825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Can J Anaesth Source Type: research
ConclusionThese study findings highlight areas for knowledge translation and further clinical research. Interprovincial discrepancies will likely pose unique challenges to national randomized trials.Trial registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03114436); registered 10 April, 2017.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Central Message: Utilization of donation after circulatory death lungs can be improved with appropriate interventions. International guidelines should be developed to facilitate improved organ recovery. (185/200 characters)Perspective Statement: Waitlist mortality is currently at an all-time high in lung transplantation in the United States. Donation after circulatory death lungs have shown promise in expanding the donor pool, yet the US lags behind several other countries in utilizing these organs.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe findings of this survey indicate that Israel ’s citizens are willing to take part in decisions about organ allocation. Respondents did not seem to have a strict definition or concept of what they deem to be just; yet, in general, their preferences are compatible with current policy. Importantly, participants noted that they would be more wil ling to donate organs if their preferences were integrated into the allocation policy. Accordingly, we propose that allocation systems must strive to respect community values and perceptions while maintaining continued clinical effectiveness.
Source: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Although lung transplant remains the only option for patients suffering from end-stage lung failure, donor supply is insufficient to meet demand. Static cold preservation is the most common method to preserve lungs in transport to the recipient; however, this method does not improve lung quality and only allows for 8 h of storage. This results in lungs which become available for donation but cannot be used due to failure to meet physiologic criteria or an inability to store them for a sufficient time to find a suitable recipient. Therefore, lungs lost due to failure to meet physiological or compatibilit...
Source: Cryobiology - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Cryobiology Source Type: research
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