Hypertrophic olivary degeneration: A case report

We present a case of hypertrophic olivary degeneration in a patient with a history of ischemic stroke two years before the development of palatal tremor.
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Teixeira JC, Jackson PJ Abstract Distinguishing between central and peripheral causes of vertigo can be challenging not only in an acute setting but also in chronic settings. A thorough review of systems and physical exam can assist providers in differentiating central versus peripheral etiologies and the need for urgent imaging. In this case, a 47-year-old man presented with vertigo, right-sided hearing loss, right-sided headache, and right-sided facial pain that began 4 weeks before while the patient was on a cruise ship. His physical exam findings were notable for anisocoria with right pupil 3.5 an...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
This article reviews some of the ethical challenges that affect decision-making during ECMO therapy and suggests an ethical framework that may help the treating team deal with such conundrums, when the patient does not recover despite being on ECMO.
Source: Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Analysis of the dataset provided confirmation of the results in the literature that lesions within the Guillain-Mollaret triangle more often lead to HOD. Patients with corresponding symptoms should be closely observed over time with respect to the occurrence of corresponding clinical and imaging leading symptoms. Even though the named clinical symptoms are characteristic for HOD, in many cases the diagnosis is hampered and delayed by imprecise examination and misinterpretation of the symptoms. A logopedic examination using FEES in this collective often provided indicative information. Currently, no reliable dat...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
l J Abstract Neurological diseases frequently demanding admittance to a dedicated neurological intensive care unit (neurocritical care) comprise space-occupying ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, status epilepticus, bacterial meningitis, myasthenic crisis and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Due to often necessary analgesia, sedation and mechanical ventilation, neuromonitoring should ideally be employed. This consists of bedside invasive and non-invasive methods for monitoring cerebral perfusion, oxygenation, metabolism and neurophysiology. Modern treatm...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a risk factor for systemic thromboses and ischemic stroke. This has been attributed to blood hyperviscosity, the result of increased blood cell production. Intravenous immunoglobulin, which is indicated for the treatment of numerous hematologic and neurological conditions also causes increased serum viscosity and has been associated with ischemic strokes in the setting of PV. Here we report a case of a 70-year-old man with prior stroke and PV who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome, an acute inflammatory demyelinating disorder of peripheral nerves causing ascending paresis, numbness, and pare...
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
ConclusionsCentral nervous system vasculitis due to dengue infection is a very rare phenomenon, and to the best of our knowledge, only one case of central nervous system vasculitis has been reported to date, in a patient of pediatric age. Cranial nerve palsy related to dengue infection is also rare, and only a few cases of isolated abducens nerve palsy have been reported to date. The two cases described in this report illustrate the rare but important central nervous system manifestations of dengue fever and support the fact that the central nervous system is one of the important systems that can be affected in patients with dengue infection.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Zika virus infection represents a new neuropathological agent with association to a wide spectrum of neurological complications: a) Congenital Zika Syndrome by affecting the neural stem cells of the human fetal brain; b) Guillain-Barr é Syndrome by an autoimmune response against peripheral myelin and/or axonal components or probable direct inflammatory reaction; c) Encephalitis/meningoencephalitis and myelitis by a direct viral inflammatory process on the central nervous system; d) Sensory neuropathy by infecting directly the pe ripheral neurons and causing substantial cell death and pathogenic transcriptional dysre...
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Conclusions:Diagnostic approach to bilateral FNP should evaluate for: traumatic (skull fractures), infectious (classically Lyme disease), metabolic (diabetes), autoimmune (sarcoidosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome), congenital (Moebius syndrome) and neoplastic (brainstem tumors) entities. WM is a rare cause, a condition due to low-grade B cell lymphoma where lymphoplasmacytoid cells infiltrate different tissues and secrete monoclonal IgM. Peripheral neuropathy develops in 15–30% of the cases, usually a chronic, progressive, symmetric, predominantly distal polyneuropathy. Facial nerve impairment is unusual, caused b...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neuro-oncology: Brain and CNS Metastases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although IM is known to be self-limited, it could contribute to acute cerebral infarction, which is a rare IM neurological complication. PMID: 26179687 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica - Category: Neurology Tags: Acta Neurol Taiwan Source Type: research
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