Author & #39;s Reply
Ashu S Bhalla, A Das, P Naranje, A Goyal, R Guleria, Gopi C KhilnaniIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):268-269 (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ashu S Bhalla A Das P Naranje A Goyal R Guleria Gopi C Khilnani Source Type: research

Thoracic sarcoidosis versus tuberculosis: Need for a multi-disciplinary approach
Agrima Mian, Animesh RayIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):267-268 (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Agrima Mian Animesh Ray Source Type: research

Clinical radiology: Going an extra mile for patient care
Conclusion: Detailed history taking and examination help radiologists in deciding appropriate imaging and better interpretation of images. This will also reduce the number of visits to the hospital and expenditure on part of patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Upendra Kumar Joish Hirdesh Sahni R Harikiran Reddy Vivek Sreekanth Source Type: research

A simple quality control tool for assessing integrity of lead equivalent aprons
Conclusion: Pixel intensity increased with increase in the thickness of copper step wedge indicating a corresponding increase in lead equivalence in aprons. It is suggestive that aprons should be screened for its integrity from the time of purchase using computed tomography (CT), fluoroscopy, or radiography. It is recommended that this simple test tool could be used for checking lead equivalence if any variation in contrast is seen in the image during screening. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Roshan S Livingstone Anna Varghese Source Type: research

Radiation dose metrics in multidetector computed tomography examinations: A multicentre retrospective study from seven tertiary care hospitals in Kerala, South India
Conclusion: This summary CT radiation dose data of most frequently performed anatomical regions could provide a starting point for institutional analysis of CT radiation doses, which in turn leads to meaningful optimization of CT. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Binoj Varghese Indu Kandanga Paul Puthussery Dhanesh Vijayan S P Harish Babu MK Aneesh Muhammad Noufal EV Binu Arun C Babu Sheen M James Siva Kumar Source Type: research

Wilm & #39;s tumor presenting with scrotal varicocele in an 11-month-old boy
Bukunmi M Idowu, Adebayo G TanimolaIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):247-249 This is a case report of Wilms' tumor which presented with varicocele in an 11-month old infant. The age of the patient and the uncommon mode of presentation are the unique features of this case. This case emphasizes the need to exclude a renal tumor in children with scrotal varicoceles. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Bukunmi M Idowu Adebayo G Tanimola Source Type: research

Esophageal stents in children: Bridge to surgical repair
We report our experience with the use of esophageal stents in three children with esophageal strictures, leaks, or airway-esophageal fistulae refractory to conventional treatment. The stent played a key role in allowing extubation of a child with a large tracheo-esophageal-pleural fistula and in the resolution of pulmonary infection in a child with esophago-bronchial fistula, both followed by surgery. In the third child, with stricture, stents were complicated with migration, esophageal erosion, and esophago-bronchial fistula. In our experience, esophageal stents were useful mainly as a bridge to definitive surgical repair...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Bethany J Slater Ashwin Pimpalwar David Wesson Oluyinka Olutoye Sheena Pimpalwar Source Type: research

Coronary-pulmonary fistula with common sac: An uncommon variant
Neeraj Jain, Shashidhar Achar, Naveen K Garg, Sunil KumarIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):239-241 A 68-year-old male patient presented with chief complaints of chest pain and dyspnea on exertion. On physical examination, his pulse was regular at 82 bpm and blood pressure was 140/80 mmHg. Resting electrocardiography (ECG) was within normal limit and chest X-ray also did not reveal any significant abnormality. Routine blood investigations were unremarkable; transthoracic echocardiography also did not show any significant abnormality. Catheter coronary angiography revealed severe triple vessel disease and s...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Neeraj Jain Shashidhar Achar Naveen K Garg Sunil Kumar Source Type: research

Endovascular treatment of ruptured pica aneurysms and association with its extradural origin: A single-center experience
Conclusion: Endovascular therapy of ruptured proximal PICA aneurysms is possible and safe with the use of adjuvant devices and should be considered as first-line treatment. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Somit Mittal Vivek Singh RV Phadke Zafar Neyaz Source Type: research

Percutaneous gastrostomy placement by intervention radiology: Techniques and outcome
Conclusion: IR-guided percutaneous gastrostomy is a safe and effective procedure in selected patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Balasubramanian Karthikumar Shyamkumar N Keshava Vinu Moses George K Chiramel Munawwar Ahmed Suraj Mammen Source Type: research

Among the fibers: A multimodality imaging review of intramuscular mass lesions
Karthik Shyam, Soumya Cicilet, Babu PhilipIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):214-224 The common presentations of patient complaints regarding the musculoskeletal system, such as pain, swelling, and restriction of movement, lead to the imaging discovery of various lesions often located in, or arising from, skeletal muscle in the region of interest. Knowledge of the patients' clinical history, laboratory parameters, and various imaging characteristics of the implicated lesions would assist the radiologist in coming to a timely, reasonably accurate conclusion about the etiology of the patient's compla...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Karthik Shyam Soumya Cicilet Babu Philip Source Type: research

Idiopathic chondrolysis of hip in children: New proposal and implication for radiological staging
Conclusion: Imaging-based staging system proves very useful in the early diagnosis, staging, and assessing the prognosis of ICH. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: C Amarnath Priya Muthaiyan T Helen Mary Shilpa Mohanan K Gopinathan Source Type: research

False-positive 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-avid benign hepatic tumor: Previously unreported in a male patient
We report a case of 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)–computed tomography-avid histologically confirmed inflammatory hepatic adenoma in a 77-year-old male patient without any history of steroid, alcohol use. This is the first case report of inflammatory hepatic adenoma in a male patient documented in the published literature showing uptake on 18F-FDG PET. Previous single case report of 18F-FDG PET-avid hepatic adenoma in a male patient was of hepatocyte nuclear factor-1-α subtype. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Binit Sureka Archana Rastogi Amar Mukund Shiv Kumar Sarin Source Type: research

Computed tomography imaging of complications of acute cholecystitis
Giancarlo Schiappacasse, Pablo Soffia, Claudio Silva, Fabian VillacrésIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):195-199 Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a frequent complication of biliary cholelithiasis. Although ultrasound is the first diagnostic imaging procedure, frequently the initial imaging modality is computed tomography (CT). Therefore, familiarization of CT findings in AC and potential related complications are extremely important. This pictorial essay reviews a broad spectrum of complications related to AC and its key findings in CT. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Giancarlo Schiappacasse Pablo Soffia Claudio Silva Fabian Villacr é s Source Type: research

Anorectal malformations: Role of MRI in preoperative evaluation
Conclusion: MRI allows reliable preoperative evaluation of ARM and should be considered as a complementary imaging modality for preoperative imaging in ARM. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Madhusmita Rohini G Ghasi MK Mittal Deepak Bagga Source Type: research

Hydropic degeneration of leiomyoma in nongravid uterus: The & #8220;split fiber & #8221; sign on magnetic resonance imaging
We report two cases of extensive hydropic degeneration of leiomyoma in nonpregnant females with imaging and histopathology correlation. We also propose the “split fiber” sign as a useful magnetic resonance imaging feature for diagnosing this condition. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Aruna R Patil Shrivalli Nandikoor Ramya Padilu Source Type: research

Role of diffusion tensor imaging in renal parenchymal changes
Shimona Saini, Vikas Kumar, Prakashini KoteshwaraIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):175-181 Context: Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is a reliable noninvasive tool to assess renal function with medullary Fractional Anisotropy (FA) values showing the most consistent results. Aims: Evaluation of FA, Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) for detecting diabetic nephropathy (DN) using 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To determine FA and ADC values in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and controls, and comparing these with estimated glomerular filtiration rate (eGFR) and categorizing the stage of CK...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Shimona Saini Vikas Kumar Prakashini Koteshwara Source Type: research

Comparative accuracy of magnetic resonance morphometry and sonography in assessment of post-cesarean uterine scar
Conclusion: MRI offers no advantage in diagnostic accuracy for the measurement of LSCS scar thickness during consideration of TOLAC. Advances in Knowledge: Measurement of uterine scar by MRI has a good correlation with that done on USG in the setting of post-cesarean pregnancy. The results hold good both for normal (grades 1 and 2) and abnormal (grades 3) scars. MRI, however, does not offer any added advantage over sonographic scar thickness measurement for the differentiation of a normal (grades 1 and 2) from an abnormal (grade 3) scar. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Gayatri Satpathy Ishan Kumar Manjari Matah Ashish Verma Source Type: research

Morning glory syndrome with Moyamoya disease: A rare association with role of imaging
We report a case of 4-year-old male child who presented with reduced visual acuity on left eye with poor fixation. The left eye demonstrated 6-diopter esotropia. Examination of fundus revealed features of MGDA. The child was further subjected to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of brain to rule out other associated anomalies. It demonstrated narrowing at the distal part of internal carotid artery on both sides, left more than right with prominence of lenticulostriate and leptomeningeal vessels. MRI also revealed funnel-shaped excavation of the posterior globe on the left side consis...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Janardhana Ponnatapura Source Type: research

First case of neurofibromatosis with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome showing spinal cord involvement
Pui Kwan Joyce Chan, Kin Sun Tse, Wing Shan Elaine Fok, Wai Lun PoonIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):161-164 Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a well-documented pathology of the brain in systemic upsets. Majority of PRES cases present with edema in the cerebrum, most commonly in the territory of posterior circulation. It has been reported to show spinal cord involvement in a rare subgroup known as PRES with spinal cord involvement (PRES-SCI), with very limited existing literature even in adult patients. Our institution recently encountered a pediatric case with neurofibromatosis type...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Pui Kwan Joyce Chan Kin Sun Tse Wing Shan Elaine Fok Wai Lun Poon Source Type: research

Imaging of dentate nucleus pathologies; a pictorial essay
Kajari Bhattacharya, Hima Pendharkar, Arun K GuptaIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):152-160 Dentate nucleus is affected in a wide variety of conditions. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain is the diagnostic modality of choice for delineating the signal characteristics, which helps in narrowing down a vast list of differentials for conditions affecting the dentate. Computed tomography plays an important role, especially for pathologies associated with calcification of dentate nucleus. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Kajari Bhattacharya Hima Pendharkar Arun K Gupta Source Type: research

Language lateralization in pre-adolescent children: FMRI study using visual verb generation and word pair paradigms
Conclusion: Our FMRI studies showed that VGP predominantly activated frontal language areas and WPP predominantly activated temperoparietal language areas. Several other brain regions were also involved in language processing apart from the classical language areas. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ruma M Sreedharan Jija S James Chandrasekharan Kesavadas Sanjeev V Thomas Source Type: research

Preoperative ultrasonography for tumor thickness evaluation in guiding management in patients with early oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma
Conclusion: Ultrasonographic evaluation is reliable and cost-effective tool to measure the TT preoperatively, which will be of help in deciding the management in early OTSCC. TT of 4 mm and above was predictor of occult cervical nodal metastasis. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Anirudh V Nair M Meera Bindhu M Rajamma Soumya Anirudh PK Nazer PV Ramachandran Source Type: research

Artificial intelligence in radiology & #8211; Are we treating the image or the patient ?
Chander MohanIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(2):137-139 (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - June 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Chander Mohan Source Type: research

Adult cervical lung herniation: Importance of valsalva manoeuvre in imaging
Rupinder Singh, Ramanjeet KaurIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):134-135 (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Rupinder Singh Ramanjeet Kaur Source Type: research

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pneumorrhachis, pneumoretroperitoneum, surgical emphysemaAdult cervical lung herniation: Importance of valsalva manoeuvre in imaging
Bogala Shilpa, Rashmi Sudhir, M V T Krishna Mohan, Veeraiah KoppulaIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):132-133 (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Bogala Shilpa Rashmi Sudhir M V T Krishna Mohan Veeraiah Koppula Source Type: research

Sonographic features of invasive ductal breast carcinomas predictive of malignancy grade
Conclusions: Certain ultrasound features are associated with tumor grade on histopathology. If the radiologist is cognizant of these sonographic features, ultrasound can be a potent modality for predicting histopathological grade of IDCs of the breast, especially in settings where advanced tests such as receptor and molecular analyses are limited. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Kanika Gupta Meenakshisundaram Kumaresan Bhuvaneswari Venkatesan Tushar Chandra Aruna Patil Maya Menon Source Type: research

Comparing the diagnostic efficacy of full field digital mammography with digital breast tomosynthesis using BIRADS score in a tertiary cancer care hospital
Conclusion: Addition of DBT to FFDM results in increase in sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and a statistically significant decrease in false positive rates in both diagnostic and screening cases. As addition of tomosynthesis results in a significant decrease in recall rate, it should be added, at least, in all screening mammography programs. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Divya Singla Arvind K Chaturvedi Abhinav Aggarwal SA Rao Dibyamohan Hazarika Vivek Mahawar Source Type: research

Orphan disease: Cherubism, optic atrophy, and short stature
Balaji Jeevanandham, Rajoo Ramachandran, Vignesh Dhanapal, Ilanchezhian Subramanian, Venkata SaiIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):111-114 A 12-year-old female presented with complaints of progressive visual impairment in both her eyes. On clinical examination, she was short for her age and her ophthalmoscopic examination revealed bilateral optic atrophy. Computed tomography of the patient revealed multiple expansile lytic lesions of mandible suggesting cherubism. The optic atrophy was confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging, which additionally revealed bilateral retrocerebellar arachnoid cysts. This assoc...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Balaji Jeevanandham Rajoo Ramachandran Vignesh Dhanapal Ilanchezhian Subramanian Venkata Sai Source Type: research

Brown fat necrosis with calcifications in the newborn: Risk factors, radiographic findings, and clinical course
Conclusion: Brown fat necrosis is subclinical, diagnosed on plain film, and likely self-limited. It occurs in term and preterm infants who have undergone significant systemic stress and carries a poor prognosis. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Eleza T Golden Paula Dickson Stephen Simoneaux Source Type: research

Performance of quantitative CT parameters in assessment of disease severity in COPD: A prospective study
Conclusion: QCT indices of both emphysema and airway disease influence FEV1, dyspnea, and BODE score in patients with COPD. Emphysema, however, appears to be more closely related to disease severity. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ishan Kumar Ashish Verma Avinash Jain SK Agarwal Source Type: research

t-PA power-pulse spray with rheolytic mechanical thrombectomy using cross-sectional image-guided portal vein access for single setting treatment of subacute superior mesenteric vein thrombosis
Conclusions: Adding t-PA power-pulse spray to rheolytic mechanical thrombectomy can provide benefit in a single setting versus mechanical thrombectomy alone and prevent the need for subsequent infusions of thrombolytic therapy. CT guidance is a useful alternative of localization for portal vein access via the transhepatic route that is nonoperator-dependent and helpful in the case of obese patients. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Mubin I Syed Ryan M Gallagher Rukan S Ahmed Azim Shaikh Edward Roberto Sumeet Patel Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve interventions for common pain disorders
This article aims to present an overview of indications and techniques of such procedures that can be effectively performed by a radiologist. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: BP Krishna Prasad Binu Joy Vijayakumar A Raghavendra Ajith Toms Danny George Brijesh Ray Source Type: research

Analysis of the time course of changes in imaging findings of small arteries embolized with the N-Butyl cyanoacrylate-lipiodol mixture
Conclusion: Residual Lipiodol was expected to gradually disappear. Lipiodol disappeared early when the density of NBCA was low in the NBCA-Lipiodol mixture. Further evaluations of various arteries and ratios of NBCA to Lipiodol are needed. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Hiroyuki Tokue Azusa Tokue Yoshito Tsushima Source Type: research

Emphysematous osteomyelitis: Report of two cases and review of literature
We report two cases affected with emphysematous osteomyelitis due to varied underlying comorbidities. The purpose of this study is to (a) emphasize the importance of computed tomography in diagnosing emphysematous osteomyelitis and (b) to highlight an unusual location of this rare pathology. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Sachin Khanduri Meenu Singh Aakshit Goyal Simran Singh Source Type: research

Can MRI diffusion-weighted imaging identify postoperative residual/recurrent soft-tissue sarcomas ?
Conclusion: The joint use of gadolinium-enhanced MRI and quantitative DWI with ADC mapping offer added value in the detection of recurrent/residual postoperative soft tissue sarcoma. This combined use increased both the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity with a cut-off average ADC value for detecting nonmyxoid recurrent/residual lesions ≤1.3 × 10−3 mm2/s (100% specificity and 90.48% sensitivity). Our results showed limited value of DWI with ADC mapping in assessing myxoid sarcomatous tumor recurrences. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Mai Maher ElDaly Amr Farouk Ibrahim Moustafa Suzan Mohamed Samy Abdel-Meguid Ahmed Mohamed Shokry Nagui Abd El Wahab Source Type: research

Primary presentation of Jeune & #39;s syndrome as gastric motility disorder in an infant: A case report
We report a case of a 4-week-old female neonate with Jeune's asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (JATD) and coexistent situs anomaly, primarily presenting as gastric motility disorder. The child presented with abdominal distension and nonbilious vomiting since birth with failure to thrive. However, skeletal survey revealed JATD. Upper gastrointestinal contrast study showed situs inversus with delayed gastric emptying. Pyloric biopsy and intraoperative antro-duodenal manometry confirmed association of gastric motility disorder. Awareness of the unusual possibility of primary presentation of Jeune syndrome as gastric motilit...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Amit Katyan Shabnam Bhandari Grover Heena Rajani Deepak Bagga Neha Antil Source Type: research

Portal vein thrombosis after donor liver biopsy: Case report
We present a case of portal vein thrombosis after percutaneous plugged liver biopsy in a voluntary liver donor, which was subsequently treated with catheter-directed percutaneous transhepatic thrombolysis. In future, healthy patients undergoing liver biopsies are expected to increase for donor evaluation. More refinements of technique and hardware in the future may further decrease the rate of complications. However, if they occur, they need to be recognized and managed at the earliest. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Shahnawaz Bashir Kartik Mittal Rohit Khisti Ankusha Yadav Amar Mukund Viniyendra Pamecha Source Type: research

Comparative diagnostic test accuracy of post-esophagectomy water-soluble computed tomography and fluoroscopic swallow studies: A meta-analysis
Conclusion: CTWSCS shares the high specificity of FWSCS. Its higher sensitivity increases its utility as a rule-out test in the postoperative period. Additional factors that may influence decision-making are described. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Timothy E Murray Martina Morrin Source Type: research

Gangrenous cholecystitis: Analysis of imaging findings in histopathologically confirmed cases
Conclusion: Presence of more than one of these findings - gallbladder distension (short axis diameter of ≥4 cm), intraluminal membranes, mural striation, absent or decreased enhancement of gallbladder wall suggest high probability of gangrenous change in acute cholecystitis. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Binit Sureka Archana Rastogi Amar Mukund Shalini Thapar Ajeet Singh Bhadoria Tushar Kanti Chattopadhyay Source Type: research

Utility of ureteric jet: A simple yet useful tool for the evaluation of complex urogenital anomaly
Pranav K Santhalia, Disha Mittal, Arun K Gupta, Manisha JanaIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):45-48 In infants and young children with suspicion of genitourinary tract anomalies, ultrasonography (USG) is usually the first imaging modality. Advantages of USG are well described. In the evaluation of complex congenital urogenital anomalies, ultrasound examination needs to be tailored according to the clinical suspicion and to yield maximum information. Primary megaureter is a congenital anomaly, which is associated with dilatation of ureter above an adynamic segment at the vesicoureteric junction (VUJ). Two ...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Pranav K Santhalia Disha Mittal Arun K Gupta Manisha Jana Source Type: research

Hernia uteri inguinalis in ovotesticular disorder of sexual differentiation: A rare complication and role of imaging
We report a rare complication of delayed diagnosis of hernia uteri inguinalis in ovotesticular disorder of sexual differentiation (DSD) in 20-year-old male patient who presented with pain and swelling in left inguinal region since 1 month. He had a past surgical history of repair of hypospadias 10 years back. On imaging, the left inguinal hernia sac contained nonfunctioning uterus and one ovary in the left scrotal sac and one testis in the right scrotal sac. Further investigation confirmed genotypically female (46XX) with negative sex determining region-Y gene on fluorescence in situ hybridization. The patient was given ps...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Janardhana Ponnatapura Source Type: research

Different etiologies of an unusual disease: Colouterine fistula & #8211; Report of two cases
Rohit Aggarwal, Venkatraman Indiran, Prabakaran MaduraimuthuIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):37-40 Colouterine fistula is an extremely rare condition, as the uterus is a thick, muscular organ. Here, we present two different etiologies for this rare condition—diverticulitis and malignancy. A 77-year-old female with colouterine fistula due to diverticulitis presented with complaints of lower abdominal pain localized particularly in the left iliac fossa and fever. Another case was of 73-year-old female with colouterine fistula due to malignancy who presented with abdominal pain, blood in stools, and w...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Rohit Aggarwal Venkatraman Indiran Prabakaran Maduraimuthu Source Type: research

Comparison of MDCT, MRI and MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging in evaluation of focal renal lesions: The defender, challenger, and winner!
Conclusions: Characterization of renal lesions was most accurate with MRI + DWI. The latter is also the most suitable modality in diagnosing pseudotumors and evaluating patients with renal dysfunction. CT and MRI were equivalent in RCC staging. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ankur Goyal Raju Sharma Ashu S Bhalla Shivanand Gamanagatti Amlesh Seth Source Type: research

Frontal subcutaneous lipoma associated with interhemispheric lipoma, lipomeningocele, and corpus callosal dysgenesis in a young adult: CT and MRI findings
We report the imaging findings of an interhemispheric lipoma extending into subcutaneous plane associated with spinal lipomeningocele and corpus callosal dysgenesis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings are characteristic. All cases have been reported in pediatric age group till now. Such a case in this age group has not been reported earlier. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Nidhi Aggarwal Kushal B Gehlot Sunil D Kumar N K Kardam Alsaba Khan Source Type: research

Clinicoradiological aspects of pontine tegmental cap dysplasia: Case report of a rare hindbrain malformation
Aanchal Bhayana, Sunil K Bajaj, Ritu N Misra, S Senthil KumaranIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):18-21 Malformations involving the brainstem are very rare and present with a varied spectrum of clinical symptoms due to multiple cranial nerve palsies and pyramidal tract involvement. Of these, pontine tegmental cap dysplasia is a very unusual malformation, characterized by ventral pons hypoplasia and an ectopic dorsal band of tissue, projecting into the fourth ventricle, from dorsal pontine tegmentum. A 4-year-old male child, presenting with left facial nerve palsy, revealed hypoplastic ventral pons and an e...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Aanchal Bhayana Sunil K Bajaj Ritu N Misra S Senthil Kumaran Source Type: research

Hemiagenesis of thyroid with dual thyroid ectopia: A rare case report
Pankaj S Jha, Varsha Rote-Kaginalkar, Prashant Titare, Manoj B JadhavIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):14-17 Developmental defects of the thyroid gland are very rare. The common developmental abnormalities are ectopic thyroid, hemiagenesis and agenesis of thyroid gland. These developmental defects may or may not be associated with deranged thyroid function tests. Ultrasonography (USG) is the initial modality of choice for thyroid hemiagenesis but further evaluation by computed tomography (CT) scan or nuclear scan should be done to look for ectopic thyroid tissue rest. Here, we report a rare case of a 9-ye...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Pankaj S Jha Varsha Rote-Kaginalkar Prashant Titare Manoj B Jadhav Source Type: research

Doppler indices of superior thyroid artery in clinically euthyroid adults
Conclusion: Mean values of Doppler indices of STA in euthyroid individuals have been found in this study. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Upendra Kumar Joish Y Kavitha R Harikiran Reddy Anitha S Prabhu M Chetan Kumar MC Siddharth Source Type: research

Transient global amnesia: Diffusion MRI findings
Conclusion: We have highlighted the MRI finding of typical punctate foci of bright signal in hippocampus seen on DWI in patients diagnosed with TGA. Detection on a routine stroke MRI protocol can avoid need for dedicated TGA protocols or repeat scan, improving the workflow. (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Tarun P Jain Ronak Patel Yash Gawarikar Source Type: research

Presidential address
K MohananIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(1):3-5 (Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging)
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - March 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: K Mohanan Source Type: research