The combined effect of Trigonella foenum seeds and Coriandrum sativum leaf extracts in alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus wistar albino rats.

The combined effect of Trigonella foenum seeds and Coriandrum sativum leaf extracts in alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus wistar albino rats. Bioinformation. 2019;15(10):716-722 Authors: Yella SST, Kumar RN, Ayyanna C, Varghese AM, Amaravathi P, Vangoori Y Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a group of heterogeneous disorders commonly presenting with episodes of hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance, as a result of lack of insulin, ineffective insulin action, and/or both. It is our interest to study the effect of ethanolic extract of Trigonella foenum seeds (fenugreek) and Coriandrum sativum leaves (dhaniya) or its combination in alloxan induced diabetes mellitus wistar albino rats. Rats were randomly separated into six groups where group 1 animals received 2% acacia, group 2 animals received alloxan dose of 150 mg/kg, group 3 animals received glibenclamide dose of 0.5 mg/kg and group 4, 5 and 6 animals received ethanolic extracts of Trigonella foenum seeds, Coriandrum sativum leaves and combination of both extracts at the dose of 100mg/kg for 21 days. Different biochemical parameters such as hepatic and renal biomarkers and histopathology of pancreas were studied. Combination of both extracts showed significant decrease in blood glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, VLDL levels, SGOT, SGPT, urea, creatinine and increase in HDL levels and body weight than individual extracts. Thus, we show the antidiabetic activity of poly herbal formulation using biochemic...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research

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This study was aimed to evaluate association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to T2DM.Subjects and methods: One hundred T2DM Saudi male patients were included in this study and one hundred healthy Saudi men were used as control. For each individual, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, HbA1c, insulin and 25-(OH) vitamin D were measured. In addition,Apal, BsmI and TaqI genotypes were performed for each subject. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 16, using Spearman's rho and ANOVA tests.Results: There was significant inverse correlation between 25-(OH) vitamin D level and T2DM (p
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of MetS and abnormal ECG among the studied population. Abnormal ECG findings were more common in men with no differential association in people with or without MetS. However, a significant association existed between certain components of MetS and ECG abnormalities in men only. Male gender and HDLc were independent predictors of ECG Abnormalities.Keyword: Electrocardiography, metabolic syndrome, africans.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Authors: Wu CC, Chang CS, Hsu CC, Wang CP, Tsai IT, Lu YC, Houng JY, Chang CC, Chung FM, Lee YJ, Hung WC Abstract Low-circulating levels of adiponectin (ADPN) are associated with obesity, diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease. On the contrary, some studies have demonstrated a link between relatively high levels of plasma ADPN and heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and adverse outcome. However, little is known about the relationship between ADPN level and prolonged QT interval. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between plasma ADPN levels and prolonged QT interval in patients with sta...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
ConclusionApoA1 was associated with decreased T2DM risk and TG/ApoA1 and apoB/LDL were associated with increased risk of T2DM, only in males. ApoA1 polymorphism, which is associated with lower HDL cholesterol, influenced the predictive effects of HOMA-IR on T2DM incidence, which appeared to be moderated by physical activity, suggesting potential scope for more targeted preventative strategies.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The clinical polymorphism effectiveness outlined therein will be assured by diagnostic improvements suitable for driving treatment decisions. In light of our experimental results and literature data, the analysis of the SLCO1B1 T521C variant will allow clinicians to take advantage from a better treatment planned for their patients in order to minimize neuromuscular pain and maximize benefits. PMID: 31957862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a condition defined by hyperglycaemia, but also often presents with dyslipidaemia and suppressed HDL cholesterol. Mendelian randomization studies have suggested a causal link between low HDL cholesterol and T2DM. However, influences of gender, polymorphisms and lifestyle, all known to influence HDL cholesterol, have not been fully explored in a prospective cohort.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsMetformin can limit the development of atherosclerosis secondary to diabetes in young diabetic mice. A possible mechanism is the removal of methylglyoxal, thereby reducing the formation of advanced glycation endproducts, rather than by lowering the blood glucose level.FundingThis work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81901106) and Jinan clinical medical science and technology innovation plan (201907002).
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the irisin levels in elderly patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity, to investigate the possible association between irisin levels and anthropometric and biochemical parameters, and also to assess the irisin levels associated with a risk of hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity.MethodsA nested case-control study was conducted, with hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity being set as the case group; 71 elderly patients from the cohort were enrolled in each case group, and 71 healthy elderly from...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 January 2020Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces IndiaAuthor(s): Rajvir BhalwarAbstractMetabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of specific risk factors, namely, central obesity, raised blood pressure, impaired fasting glucose, raised triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). This constellation is triggered by insulin resistance and its resultant hyperinsulinemia. The two most important and universally agreed causes of insulin resistance are increased body fat (particularly central obesity) and physical inactivity. Other causes include certain gene...
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effects of transplanted fecal bacteria from Kazaks with normal glucose tolerance (KNGT) in db/db mice. The mice were treated with 0.2 mL of fecal bacteria solution from KNGT daily for 10 weeks. We showed that the fecal bacteria from KNGT successfully colonized in the intestinal tract of db/db mice detected on day 14. In the FMT-treated db/db mice, the levels of fasting blood glucose, postprandial glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol were significantly downregulated, whereas high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels were upregulated. In...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research
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