Use of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Morbidly Obese Patients

AbstractIn 2016, the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) published guidelines advising caution when using direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with morbid obesity due to limited clinical efficacy and safety data supporting their use in this patient population. In this review, we analyzed published articles in the MEDLINE database (from inception through May 29, 2019), and the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and EMBASE databases (from inception through April 26, 2019) that evaluated morbidly obese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or venous thromboembolism (VTE) who received DOACs. A total of 19 studies, which included pharmacokinetic studies, original phase III trials for the DOACs, post hoc analyses of phase III trials, and retrospective cohort studies, were evaluated. Although currently available data do not indicate that using DOACs in the morbidly obese is problematic, DOAC ‚Äźspecific pharmacokinetic variations have been observed. Additionally, less data evaluating DOAC efficacy and safety exist for VTE treatment compared with the data for stroke prevention in patients with AF. The overall quality of the studies included in this review was low due to limited prospecti ve randomized trial data, limiting the ability to form definitive judgments on efficacy and safety DOACs in the morbidly obese. Continued caution is recommended when considering DOAC use in the morbidly obese, particularly for those requiring anticoagulation for VTE t...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: REVIEW OF THERAPEUTICS Source Type: research

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Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1714400Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequently identified arrhythmia during the course of sepsis. The aim of this narrative review is to assess the characteristics of patients with new-onset AF related to sepsis and the risk of stroke and death, to understand if there is a need for anticoagulation. We searched for studies on AF and sepsis on PubMed, the Cochrane database, and Web of Science, and 17 studies were included. The mean incidence of new-onset AF in patients with sepsis was 20.6% (14.7% in retrospective studies and 31.6% in prospective). Risk factors for new-onset AF includ...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Evidence indicates that each DOAC may have differences in outcomes when used in patients with a high BW/BMI. Currently, low-quality data are available that support avoiding dabigatran and considering apixaban or rivaroxaban; lack of sufficient data preclude a recommendation for edoxaban use in this patient population. PMID: 32443941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. It affects 1 in 4 adults aged>40 years,1 and is associated with a 5-fold increased risk of stroke.1 Hence, anticoagulants are universally recommended to prevent stroke and systemic embolism in patients with AF.1 The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are important alternatives to warfarin for prevention of arterial thromboembolism in patients with AF. Currently, the FDA has approved four NOACs for use in patients with AF: dabigatran is a thrombin inhibitor, while rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban are factor Xa inhibitors.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
mmittee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; and Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, is associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and healthcare use. Great strides have been made in stroke prevention and rhythm control strategies, yet reducing the incidence of AF has been slowed by the increasing incidence and prevalence of AF risk factors, including obesity, physical inactivity, sleep apnea, diabetes melli...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: JACC: Heart Failure, Volume 8, Issue 1Author(s): Milton PackerAbstractBoth obesity and type 2 diabetes are important risk factors for the development of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and both disorders increase the risk of systemic thromboembolic events. Traditionally, the risk of stroke has been explained by the strong association of these disorders with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, adiposity and diabetes are risk factors for systemic thromboembolism, even in the absence of AF, because both can lead to the development of an inflammatory and fibrotic a...
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, recent evidence provides compelling evidence in support of the link between venous and arterial thrombosis. Future studies are needed to clarify the nature of this association, to assess its extent, and to evaluate its implications for clinical practice.
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: JACC: Heart FailureAuthor(s): Milton PackerAbstractBoth obesity and type 2 diabetes are important risk factors for the development of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and both disorders increase the risk of systemic thromboembolic events. Traditionally, the risk of stroke has been explained by the strong association of these disorders with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, adiposity and diabetes are risk factors for systemic thromboembolism, even in the absence of AF, because both can lead to the development of an inflammatory and fibrotic ...
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Limited clinical data exist describing the use of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with body mass index (BMI)>40 kg/m2 or body weight>120 kg. Thus, DOAC therapy in this population remains controversial. Objectives: To investigate rivaroxaban as a safe and effective alternative to warfarin for venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment and prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation identified as extremely obese or of high body weight. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed at 2 academic medical centers in patients ≥18 years old and BMI>40...
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: The Lancet HaematologyAuthor(s): Margarita Kushnir, Yun Choi, Ruth Eisenberg, Devika Rao, Seda Tolu, Jackson Gao, Wenzhu Mowrey, Henny H BillettSummaryBackgroundBecause studies of direct oral anticoagulants in patients with venous thromboembolism and non-valvular atrial fibrillation have had minimal representation of morbidly obese patients (ie, body-mass index [BMI] ≥40 kg/m2), their efficacy and safety in this population are unclear. We investigated whether apixaban and rivaroxaban are as effective and safe as warfarin in morbidly obese patients.MethodsWe did a sin...
Source: The Lancet Haematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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