Spiritual Well-Being as a Predictor of Emotional Impairment Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

AbstractTraumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability, with injuries classified as mild in severity being the most frequently sustained. While the majority of patients recover within 3  months post-injury, many individuals continue to experience debilitating emotional sequelae several months after the injury. While spiritual well-being has been shown to carry protective benefits against both depression and anxiety in the general population, it has not been investigated as a prote ctive factor in this population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether spiritual well-being leads to a reduction in anxious and depressive symptomatology following mild TBI (mTBI). The Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory-II, and Spiritual Well-Being Scale were administered t o a sample of 83 litigating examinees who had undergone neuropsychological testing to assess their present functioning secondary to mTBI. The existential well-being (EWB) subscale significantly predicted depressive symptomatology. These findings support the role of EWB as contributory factor related to depressive symptomatology following mTBI. Rehabilitation practitioners should consider treatment paradigms that address EWB as a primary contributor to reduce depressive symptomatology, which may ultimately lead to improved functional ability.
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSIONS: FM patients need to be trained in strategies for regulating their emotions, in order to achieve a reduction in negative mood states, as well as their impact in pain and disability. PMID: 31928594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the rate and level of depression, anxiety, and stress among people with infertility and the association between psychological disorders and sexual dysfunction. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated 255 couples with infertility undergoing examination at a university hospital between January and December 2017. The assessment tools included the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT), and International Index of Erectile Function-15 (IIEF-15). The rates and mean scores of depression, anxiety, and stress among ...
Source: Sexuality and Disability - Category: Disability Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify subgroups of breast cancer survivors with the SC of pain, fatigue, and psychological distress, and to examine sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with this SC.MethodsData were obtained from a nationwide survey of breast cancer survivors (N = 834). Exhaustive enumeration of possible combination of the three binary variables (pain, fatigue, psychological distress) was conducted. They were identified using the recommended threshold for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Fatigue Questionnaire, and a score of one or more o n a numeric rating scale for p...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Alexithymia was found in a relatively high percentage in patients with relapse remitting type of multiple sclerosis.
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Undiagnosed and under-treated depression is common among older people living with MS and adversely impacts health choices.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate how participation in sporting activity affects patient-reported outcome (PRO), including Neck Disability Index (NDI), in males and females. Overview of Literature: Previously, our study reported that factors with a negative influence on the NDI in females were a lack of sporting activities. However, it was still unclear why it affected poor scores of NDI. Methods: The subjects were 473 volunteers. They were divided into two groups (activity and non-activity) according to participation or non-participation in sporting activities using a self-filled questionnaire. The evaluation items ...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
DiscussionThis review may support clinical practice highlighting the importance of the assessment of sexuality in patients with OCD and suggesting the use of therapeutic strategies dedicated to sexuality in this clinical population with the aim of improving patients ’ quality of life. Potential limitations will regard the heterogeneity of the studies in terms of the instruments used to assess sexual dysfunction/satisfaction and of the definitions used to conceptualize sexual dysfunction.Systematic review registrationProspero CRD42019132264
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractAimTo investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with depression and anxiety in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).MethodsThis prospective cross ‐sectional study included patients who were consecutively enrolled in the Siriraj Rheumatoid Arthritis Registry or the Thai Army Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort during the September 2016 to March 2018 study period. Demographic data and clinical variables, including disease activity, functional status, health‐related quality of life, and cognitive function, were collected. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Thai version of the Hospital Anxiety and...
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionsAutistic mothers face unique challenges and the stigma associated with autism may further exacerbate communication difficulties. Greater understanding and acceptance amongst individuals who interact with autistic mothers is needed, and autistic mothers would benefit from additional and better-tailored support.
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe proposed CSHQ five-factor model may be useful in future studies of sleep problems in young children with ASD.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Brain | Depression | Disability | Neurology | Psychology | Rehabilitation | Study