Cryptococcus gattii infection in an immunocompetent host in Greece
We report a case of a 31-year-old otherwise healthy female with pulmonary cryptococcoma along with cryptococcal meningitis due to Cryptococcus gattii molecular type VGI, in Greece. Combined antifungal treatment and surgical excision of pulmonary cryptococcoma yielded a good response.
Publication date: February 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 2Author(s): Jeremy D Keenan, Ahmed M Arzika, Ramatou Maliki, Sanoussi Elh Adamou, Fatima Ibrahim, Mariama Kiemago, Nana Fatima Galo, Elodie Lebas, Catherine Cook, Benjamin Vanderschelden, Robin L Bailey, Sheila K West, Travis C Porco, Thomas M Lietman, Paul M Emerson, Jerusha Weaver, Sheila K West, Robin L Bailey, John Hart, Amza AbdouSummaryBackgroundThe Macrolides Oraux pour Réduire les Décès avec un Oeil sur la Résistance (MORDOR) trial found that biannual mass distribution of azithromycin to children younger tha...
Early-onset group B streptococcal (EOGBS) disease (including sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia) causes significant morbidity and mortality in newborn infants worldwide. Antibiotic prophylaxis can prevent vertical streptococcal transmission, yet no uniform criteria to identify eligible women for prophylaxis exist. Some guidelines recommend universal GBS screening to pregnant women in their third trimester (screening-based protocol), while others employ risk-based protocols. We compare the effectiveness of screening-based vs risk-based protocols in preventing EOGBS disease. Screening-based protocols were associated with lowe...
Discussion: Neuro-ophthalmic consequences of HIV are important to recognize as it is critical to identify underlying neoplastic or infectious diseases which could be amenable to treatment. PMID: 31961200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study provides the first evidence that neuronal and astrocytic necroptosis and caspase-2-mediated apoptosis are induced by A. cantonensis infection in the parenchymal and hippocampal regions of rats at 21 and 28 dpi but these processes are negligible at 35 dpi. These findings enhance our understanding of the pathogenesis of A. cantonensis infection and provide new insights into therapeutic approaches targeting the occurrence of cell death in astrocytes and neurons in infected patients.
In conclusion, our findings indicated thatireA,0007,0008, and2235 indeed encode TBDRs, withireA having the most important role in iron uptake. These results should help future studies explore the mechanisms underlying the TonB-dependent iron uptake pathway.
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 382, Issue 4, Page 309-317, January 2020.
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 382, Issue 4, Page 318-327, January 2020.
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 382, Issue 4, Page 379-382, January 2020.
Central nervous system (CNS) metastasis from systemic cancers can involve the brain parenchyma, leptomeninges (pia, subarachnoid space and arachnoid mater), and dura. Leptomeningeal metastases (LM), also known by different terms including neoplastic meningitis and carcinomatous meningitis, occur in both solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. This review will focus exclusively on LM arising from solid tumors with a goal of providing the reader an understanding of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, prognostication, current management and future directions.
Yes. However, very probably not because of the novel coronavirus that has appeared in China. This seems to be front page headlines in every media outlet on the planet, and the World Health Organization has convened a meeting to decide whether to declare an official Global Health Emergency.This sort of flapdoodle happens every time a novel pathogen appears. Back when I lived in the Hub of the Universe a mosquito-borne disease called West Nile virus appeared (having formerly been large confined to, yes, west of the Nile). For weeks, every time a new case was identified it would be on the front page of the Boston Globe....