Early and late results after David versus Bentall procedure: a propensity matched analysis

ConclusionsBoth the David and Bentall operation are associated with excellent early and long-term results in patients with aortic root aneurysmal disease. The David operation is associated with less bleeding than the Bentall operation without an increased risk of reoperation. Because of avoidance of bleeding and other long-term complications associated with prosthetic heart valves, the David operation is preferable to the Bentall operation in patients with appropriate pathoanatomy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: The high PH probability as evaluated by the ESC PH echocardiographic probability model, is associated with increased short- and mid-term mortality and morbidity and reduced right ventricular systolic function after cardiac surgery, Thus, additional echocardiographic parameters assessing PH probability are valuable tools to stratify risk in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. PMID: 31904543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Vascul Pharmacol Source Type: research
Rationale: Heart-valve replacement is one of the main surgical methods for various heart-valve diseases. Warfarin is the only oral anticoagulant used for thrombosis prevention after heart-valve replacement. However, warfarin has a narrow therapeutic window, large differences in efficacy between individuals, and can be affected by drugs, food and disease status. Patient concerns: We used the Hamberg model to develop an anticoagulation regimen for a 10-month-old Chinese male after mitral-valve replacement. Diagnoses: Echocardiography revealed mitral malformation with severe regurgitation, patent foramen ovale, thicke...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that LMWH not only reduces the risk of thromboembolism in patients with MHV but also does not increase the risk of major bleeding. LMWH may provide safer and more effective bridging anticoagulation than UFH in patients with MHV. It is still necessary to conduct future randomized studies to verify this conclusion.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
We report a case of successful long‐term anticoagulation with enoxaparin in a patient with a mechanical aortic valve who had a contraindication to warfarin. The patient developed a left thigh hematoma requiring surgical evacuation one month after initiation of weight‐based dosing of e noxaparin. His dose was then titrated based on peak anti–Xa levels (goal 0.6–1.0 IU/mL). He remained free of signs and symptoms of thromboembolic events, valve dysfunction, bleeding complications, or major adverse effects from long‐term enoxaparin use for the next 13 years. Our case provides p romising evidence of the potent...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In order to achieve optimal outcomes by maintaining effective anticoagulant dosing while entailing minimal risk in Chinese patients that have undergone a bileaflet mechanical valve replacement, the target INR range should be between 1.5 and 2.5, with the final intensity of this anticoagulant regimen being determined based on a given patient's risk of thromboembolism. PMID: 31866562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
A 56-year-old white woman complained of "bleeding gum lesions." Previous medical history revealed systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac arrhythmia, and surgery for a prosthetic heart valve placement. Oral examination showed 3 pedunculated nodules in the gingiva involving the 3 remaining upper teeth, about 1.5 cm in greatest diameter, with rapid growth and bleeding but otherwise asymptomatic. Diagnostic hypothesis was pyogenic granuloma. Complete blood count showed leukopenia and thrombocytopenia.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Background: Genotype-guided warfarin dosing has been shown in some randomized trials to improve anticoagulation outcomes in individuals of European ancestry; yet, its utility in Chinese patients with heart valve replacement remains unresolved. Methods: A total of 2264 patients who underwent heart valve replacement at Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, namely, a genotype-guided and a traditional clinically guided warfarin dosing group. In the genotype-guided group (n = 1134), genotyping for CYP2C9 and VKORC1 (−1639 G→A) was performed using Taq...
Source: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
A new blood filtration technology may prove to be life-saving for patients whose normally healthy inflammatory response to injury or illness has gone into overdrive, resulting in fatally high levels of cytokines in their blood. In an interview with MD+DI, Dr. Phillip Chan, MD, PhD, CEO of CytoSorbents Corp., explained that inflammation, and the production of substances called cytokines that drive inflammation, are the body’s natural response to heal injury or infection. But sometimes, the inflammatory response is so severe in such conditions as sepsis and infection, burn injuries, trauma, pancreatitis, li...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 27 September 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Jonas Lanz, Won-Keun Kim, Thomas Walther, Christof Burgdorf, Helge Möllmann, Axel Linke, Simon Redwood, Christian Thilo, Michael Hilker, Michael Joner, Holger Thiele, Lars Conzelmann, Lenard Conradi, Sebastian Kerber, Gerhard Schymik, Bernard Prendergast, Oliver Husser, Stefan Stortecky, Dik Heg, Peter JüniSummaryBackgroundTranscatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the preferred treatment option for older patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Differences in the properties of available TAVR systems can affect clinica...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Bleeding | Cardiology | Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery | Heart | Heart Valve Disease | Heart Valve Surgery | Heart Valves | Smokers | Study