The Effect of Fluctuating Temperature on the Stability of Turoctocog Alfa for Hemophilia A

ConclusionThe results demonstrated that turoctocog alfa can be subjected to variable storage conditions, including cycling between 5  °C and ≤ 40 °C, and subsequent storage for 3 months up to 40 °C, without loss of stability. This suggests that turoctocog alfa may offer greater product storage flexibility for patients in everyday practice, with a potential reduction in wastage.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Abstract Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare, life-threatening bleeding disorder caused by autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). Immunosuppressive therapy for AHA aims to arrest bleeding by eliminating FVIII inhibitors. Factor VIII activity overshoot after complete remission (CR) has been reported anecdotally, but details remain unclear. We retrospectively analyzed data from 17 patients with AHA who achieved CR under immunosuppressive therapy between 2009 and 2019 at Gunma University Hospital. FVIII activity overshoot was defined as ≥ 150%. All 17 patients had low FVIII activit...
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research
We describe here recent exciting studies, most still pre-clinical, that address FVIII immunogenicity and suggest novel interventions to prevent or reverse inhibitor development. Studies of FVIII uptake, processing and presentation on antigen-presenting cells, epitope mapping, and the roles of complement, heme, von Willebrand factor, glycans, and the microbiome in FVIII immunogenicity are elucidating mechanisms of primary and secondary immune responses and suggesting additional novel targets. Promising tolerogenic therapies include development of FVIII-Fc fusion proteins, nanoparticle-based therapies, oral tolerance, and en...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding disorder caused by autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII. We conducted a single institution prospective cohort study to assess treatment strategies and long-term outcomes in AHA patients and provide further evidence for effective treatment and relapse timing. A total of 25 patients diagnosed with AHA between 2001 and 2017 at Penn State Hershey Medical Center were prospectively followed. Information was collected on factor VIII activity and inhibitor titer at diagnosis, treatment regimen(s), complete remission, and relapse time. For immunosuppressive therapy (IST), 19 ...
Source: Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis - Category: Hematology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
This article gives an overview of the bleeding risks involved and therapeutic options to overcome them. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Now that new alternatives to classic supplementation therapy are be- coming available, pertinent treatment algorithms for patients with hemophilia will have to be developed. It is still unclear to what extent the new drugs might supplant clotting factor supplementation as the first line of treatment. PMID: 31847949 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Extended half-life (EHL) products have shown robust efficacy in clinical trials, whilst allowing for less intense treatment regimens when compared with standard half-life products. Regimen optimisation with EHL products could lead to further improvements in bleeding rates, quality of life and reductions in treatment burden. Patients now expect good efficacy, a lower treatment burden and equivalent safety when compared with standard half-life products. As our knowledge base grows these expectations have evolved and targeting an annualised bleeding rate of zero has become a more realistic clinical goal.
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
Abstract Approximately 50% of female carriers of hemophilia A have factor VIII (FVIII) levels below 0.5 IU/dL and may be categorized as having mild hemophilia. Females with hemophilia may go undiagnosed for years because the most common symptoms - menorrhagia and bleeding after childbirth - also occur in females without hemophilia. Females with hemophilia can exhibit increased bleeding tendencies despite current guidelines of expected, adequate FVIII levels. The cases described illustrate the clinical variability and presentation of hemophilia in females and highlight the importance of a timely diagnosis, effectiv...
Source: Acta Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Acta Haematol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Oesophageal bullous detachment is rare in AIBD but, as seen here, it may be responsible for massive haemorrhage, especially in the event of associated AHA. This feature underscores the need for evaluation of haemostasis in the early stages and during relapses for all patients with AIBD. PMID: 31831217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Ann Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
This study has been followed by unparalleled advances in gene therapy for hemophilia A and B, leading to clotting factor activity approaching normal or near-normal levels associated with a "zero bleed rates" in previously severely affected patients following a single administration of AAV vectors. Thus, AAV gene therapies are likely to alter the treatment paradigm for hemophilia A and B. This review explores recent progress and the remaining limitations that need to be overcome for wider availability of this novel treatment of inherited bleeding disorders. PMID: 31808868 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Menegatti M, Biguzzi E, Peyvandi F Abstract Autoantibodies toward clotting factors may develop in people suffering from autoimmune or neoplastic diseases, after drug intake or even in subjects without apparent conditions. They are more commonly directed against factor VIII (FVIII) or von Willebrand factor leading to acquired hemophilia A or acquired von Willebrand syndrome, respectively. Rarely, autoantibodies develop against other clotting factors, such as fibrinogen, FII, FV, FVII, FX, FXI, and FXIII. The clinical picture of an acquired bleeding disorder includes a wide spectrum of clinical manifestation...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
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