Exposure to parental smoking and children being overweight: residence as an effect modifier
ConclusionResidence was found to be an effect modifier of the relationship between parental smoking and child being overweight. Smoking cessation/intervention program ought to be put in place for adults and prioritized to areas with increased likelihood of children being overweight.
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Tingbei Bo, Jing Wen, Yuanchun Zhao, Shuangjie Tian, Xueying Zhang, Dehua WangAbstractObesity has become a growing concern around the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential benefit of Bifidobacterium pseudolongum (B. pseudolongum) on obesity, gut microbiota, and its physiological mechanism. The obese mice model was established with a high-fat diet (HFD), and the treatment were used the strain B. pseudolongum. We investigated the changes in fat content, plasma metabolites a...
CONCLUSIONS: Despite differences in adiposity and total BAT volume, we found that healthy, lean, young women and men do not differ in the relative amount, glucose uptake, and distribution of BAT. Dorsocervical 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was more prevalent in women and may be a remnant of interscapular BAT seen in human newborns. Future studies are needed to discern how BAT contributes to whole-body thermal physiology and body weight regulation in women and men. PMID: 31970907 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Appetite responses to 3 days of overfeeding (OF) were examined as correlates of longitudinal weight change in adults classified as obesity prone (OP) or obesity resistant (OR). METHODS: OP (n = 22) and OR (n = 30) adults consumed a controlled eucaloric and OF diet (140% of energy needs) for 3 days, followed by 3 days of ad libitum feeding. Hunger and satiety were evaluated by visual analog scales. Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) levels were measured during a 24-hour inpatient visit on day 3. Body weight and composition were measured annually for 4.0 &pl...
CONCLUSIONS: A substantial portion of obesity's prevalence, and therefore cost, for black males and females comes from age-related weight gain in early adulthood. This speaks to the persistent threat of obesity beyond adolescence for this demographic, and further research should focus on whether policy can modify the behaviors and environment through which and in which this sharp increase in weight occurs. PMID: 31970905 [PubMed - in process]
New Concerns About Military Recruits with Metabolic Obesity but Normal Weight ("Skinny Fat"). Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Feb;28(2):223 Authors: Foulis SA, Hughes JM, Friedl KE PMID: 31970904 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 31970903 [PubMed - in process]
This study examined the relative impact of breastfeeding duration and timing of solids introduction on BMI z score (BMIz) trajectory in early childhood. METHODS: This study conducted secondary analyses of data from the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program (N = 542), a prospective cohort study with data collected at birth and 3, 9, 18, 42, and 60 months. Linear spline multilevel models were performed. RESULTS: Differential growth rates were observed from birth to 3 months and from 9 to 18 months by breastfeeding duration (≥ 6 vs.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal observational study examined BMI changes between successive pregnancies. METHODS: The computerized medical records of women who attended a large maternity hospital between 2009 and 2017 for their first and second singleton deliveries were analyzed. Women who had their weight first measured after 15 weeks of gestation in either pregnancy were excluded. RESULTS: Of the 9,724 women, the incidence of obesity increased from 11.6% in the first pregnancy to 16.0% in the second. The mean interpregnancy interval was 32.5 ± 15.7 months, and median BMI...
CONCLUSIONS: In a cohort of the Japanese working-age population, both obesity and underweight were associated with a greater risk of LTSA in males. Future research should not overlook the excess risk of LTSA associated with underweight. PMID: 31970914 [PubMed - in process]