Are women more susceptible to renal dysfunction than men?

Is there any difference in sensitivity to kidney function between men and women? Paterson et  al. have focused on sex differences in chronic kidney disease. Surprisingly, their experimental results show that only one microRNA, miR-146b-5p, affected the susceptibility of renocardiac pathology. They generated miR-146b knockout rats and found that miR-146b−/− females developed exacerbated renal hypertrophy and fibrosis and had less cardiac remodeling. Although miR-146b-5p has been reported to be upregulated in various types of cancers, this article reveals the novel role of miR-146b in the kidney.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

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Every organ in the body is capable, to some extent, of repairing itself after an injury. As part of this process, scar tissue forms and then recedes to make room for normal tissue when healing is complete.However, when healing is disrupted — whether by chronic injury or disease — the cells that make up scar tissue can go rogue, continuously dividing and spreading until the scar eventually strangles the organ it was intended to help heal, which can lead to organ failure.That progressive, out-of-control scarring is called fibrosis, and it can occur in any organ in the body. Fibrosis plays a major role in many dis...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning did not modify irisin or troponin I expression, independent of the time of collection. PMID: 31799981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
ConclusionsElderly patients with a PHA and moderate or high comorbidity scores have an increased risk of 90 ‐day mortality after a pancreaticoduodenectomy.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeRenal cell carcinoma (RCC) incidence is higher among black than white Americans. The reasons for this disparity remain unclear.MethodsWe calculated race- and sex-specific population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among black and white subjects  ≥  50 years of age from the US Kidney Cancer Study (USKC; 965 cases, 953 controls), a case–control study in Chicago and Detroit, and a nested case–control study in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care network (KPNC; 2,162 c...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Age predominantly determines whether patients with lung cancer undergo anti-cancer treatment.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung cancer Source Type: research
Publication date: 12 November 2019Source: Cell Reports, Volume 29, Issue 7Author(s): Lucie Yammine, Aniela Zablocki, William Baron, Fabiola Terzi, Morgan GallazziniSummaryEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation and lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) expression are frequently observed in the same pathological contexts, such as cancers or chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the significance of this association is unknown. Here, we describe the role of Lcn2 in regulating EGFR trafficking. We show that Lcn2 increases EGFR cell surface abundance and is required for transforming growth factor α (TGF-α)-induced EGFR rec...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
AbstractLow-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) are the mainstay of the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Due to their renal elimination, the risk of accumulation with the related bleeding risk may represent a limitation for the use of LMWHs in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as the risk of major bleeding is increased in patients with creatinine clearance (CrCl)
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Tchang BG, Abel B, Zecca C, Saunders KH, Shukla AP Abstract Introduction: Obesity is a chronic disease caused by dysfunctional neurohormonal systems that result in excess weight, adiposopathy, and increased risk for many comorbidities including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Lorcaserin is a serotonergic agonist specific to the 5HT2C receptor that is FDA-approved for the long-term management of obesity in adults with BMI>30 kg/m2 or BMI>27 kg/m2 and at least one weight-related comorbidity.Areas covered: The authors review the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetic ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
2017 ended as a banner year for my family, but things didn’t look great at the start. A death sentence met us in a boxing ring, and we had to school ourselves on fighting to live. I never thought much about the 37 million American adults who suffer from kidney disease until my husband Neil became one of them. Celebrating our first year of marriage in 2001, we learned by accident through an unrelated medical exam that my husband has polycystic kidney disease, an illness which causes the kidneys to fill with cysts over time, rendering the organs unable to function properly. There is no cure. There was nothing to do but...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized health Healthcare medicine public health Source Type: news
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