Peak Work Rate during Exercise Could Detect Frailty Status in Elderly Patients with Stable Heart Failure.

Peak Work Rate during Exercise Could Detect Frailty Status in Elderly Patients with Stable Heart Failure. Int Heart J. 2019 Nov 15;: Authors: Kawashima K, Hirashiki A, Nomoto K, Kokubo M, Shimizu A, Sakurai T, Kondo I, Washimi Y, Arai H, Toba K, Murohara T Abstract The Kihon Checklist (KCL) is a reliable tool for determining frailty status in the elderly. However, there is no information in the literature about the relationship between frailty status and exercise capacity. Here, we examined the associations between cardiopulmonary exercise testing parameters and frailty status in elderly patients with stable heart failure (HF).Ninety-two elderly patients with stable HF were evaluated using cardiopulmonary exercise testing and the KCL. A KCL score of 0-3 was classified as robust, 4-7 as pre-frail, and ≥ 8 as frail.Mean age, peak VO2, and KCL score were 81.7 years, 13.2 mL/kg/minute, and 10.7, respectively. KCL score was significantly correlated with peak VO2 (r = -0.527, P
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research

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Authors: Okutucu S, Fatihoglu SG, Sabanoglu C, Bursa N, Sayin BY, Aksoy H, Oto A Abstract BACKGROUND: Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI; sacubitril/valsartan combination) decrease morbidity and mortality in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Increased P‑wave duration and P‑wave dispersion (Pd) reflect prolongation of atrial conduction and correlate with atrial fibrillation. Here, we aimed to assess the effects of switching from valsartan to ARNI treatment on the basis of P‑wave indices. METHODS: A total of 28 patients with HFrEF (mean age, 64.8 ±&thinsp...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results showed that resveratrol, at low and high doses, protects in a dose-dependent manner against the development of PAH induced through monocrotaline, normoxia and hypoxia models. In addition to having chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative properties. In the case of PAH-related myocardial injury, resveratrol protects cells from apoptosis, thus working as an antiapoptotic agent. PMID: 31797762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Das AK, Kalra S, Tiwaskar M, Bajaj S, Seshadri K, Chowdhury S, Sahay R, Indurkar S, Unnikrishnan AG, Phadke U, Pareek A, Purkait I Abstract Diabetes is a major public health emergency of the 21st century. Results of the Indian Council of Medical Research-INdia DIABetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study have found prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in India to be as high as 7.3% and 10.3%, respectively with nation-wide projection of 77.2 million people with prediabetes and 69.2 million with diabetes. It is well established that insulin resistance (IR) and islet β-cell failure are the two major features of T2D Mu...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
ConclusionA hospital course of care involving a cardiology department was associated with an increase in hospital survival in AHF patients. These finding may highlight the importance of collaboration between cardiologists and other in-hospitals specialties, such as emergency physicians, in order to find the best in-hospital pathway for patients with AHF.Clinical Trial NCT03903198.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 35, Issue 12Author(s): Aleksandra Cieplucha, Olga Trojnarska, Agnieszka Bartczak-Rutkowska, Anna Kociemba, Justyna Rajewska-Tabor, Lucyna Kramer, Malgorzata PydaAbstractBackgroundThe severity score of Ebstein anomaly (EA) that corresponds to clinical status is still under research, with the Celermajer index (Cel-ind) being one of those. The agreement between echocardiographic and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) assessment of Cel-ind is not known. We determined the agreement between echocardiography- and CMR-derived Cel-ind and its relationship w...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often coexist and present clinicians with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Beta-blockers are a cornerstone of CHF treatment, in patients with a low ejection fraction, while beta-agonists are utilized for COPD. These 2 therapies exert opposing pharmacological effects. COPD patients are at an increased risk of mortality from cardiovascular events. In addition to CHF, beta-blockers are used in a number of cardiovascular conditions because of their cardioprotective properties as well as their mortality benefit. However, there is reluctance among...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
An estimated 400,000 coronary artery bypass graft operations are performed annually in the United States. Saphenous vein grafts are the most commonly used conduits; however, graft failure is common. In contrast, left internal mammary artery grafts have more favorable long-term patency rates. Guidelines recommend aggressive secondary prevention. In the 2 decades following surgery, 16% of patients require repeat revascularization, and percutaneous coronary intervention accounts for 98% of procedures performed. Post-coronary artery bypass graft patients presenting with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome or progressive heart ...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
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Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Erratum Source Type: research
Conclusions: For patients with T2DM and established cardiovascular disease in this real-world study, treatment with canagliflozin was associated with lower HHF costs and all-cause healthcare costs compared with treatment with non-SGLT2i AHAs. PMID: 31801393 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to review the current status of drug-induced hypomagnesemia and its adverse effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and hypertension. Since magnesium is a potent vasodilator, which modulates vasomotor tone, peripheral blood flow and hypertension, its deficiency could have significant cardiovascular and blood pressure (BP) effects.Areas covered: Studies have shown that several factors can contribute to magnesium deficiency including age, diet, disease, and certain drugs such as diuretics and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). For an updated perspective of drug-induced hypomagnesemia, a Medline se...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
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