Melatonin biosynthesis restored by CpG oligodeoxynucleotides attenuates allergic airway inflammation via regulating NLRP3 inflammasome

Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Hui-Mei Wu, Qiu-Meng Xie, Cui-Cui Zhao, Juan Xu, Xiao-Yun Fan, Guang-He FeiAbstractAimsBoth CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) and melatonin have been reported to induce Th1 response and contribute to allergic asthma resistance. Here, we aimed to reveal how they confer such effect as well as whether they crosstalk with each other.Main methodsSix-week-old Female C57BL/6 mice were challenged by OVA to induce allergic airway inflammation, and were treated with CpG-ODN, CpG-ODN plus Luzindole or melatonin respectively. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cellularity was classified and counted by Wright's-Giemsa staining. HE and PAS staining were used to analyze airway inflammation. The levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13,GM-CSF and IFN-γ, as well as IL-1β and IL-18 were analyzed by ELISA. Protein expressions of ASMT, AANAT, NLRP3, IL-1β and caspase-1 in lung tissue were detected by Western blotting, expression of ASMT and AANAT were further observed by immunohistochemistry.Key findingsWe found that CpG-ODN considerably suppressed OVA-induced airway leukocytes infiltration, goblet cell hyperplasia and Th2 cytokines production. Furthermore, the resolution effect of CpG-ODN on OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation occurred in parallel with decreased-activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and increased biosynthesis of melatonin. Blocking the effect of endogenous melatonin by Luzindole abolished th...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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