IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4542: Professional and Volunteer Refugee Aid Workers –Depressive Symptoms and Their Predictors, Experienced Traumatic Events, PTSD, Burdens, Engagement Motivators and Support Needs

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4542: Professional and Volunteer Refugee Aid Workers–Depressive Symptoms and Their Predictors, Experienced Traumatic Events, PTSD, Burdens, Engagement Motivators and Support Needs International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16224542 Authors: Andrea Borho Ekaterini Georgiadou Theresa Grimm Eva Morawa Andrea Silbermann Winfried Nißlbeck Yesim Erim In 2016, the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy of the University Hospital of Erlangen started conducting training for professional and voluntary aid workers. In total, 149 aid workers took part in the training courses, of which 135 completed the corresponding questionnaires. Engagement motivators, perceived distress in refugee work and training needs were examined. Moreover, depressive symptoms, the prevalence of traumatic experiences and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder were explored. Participants named helping others as the highest motivating factor for their work with refugees and communication problems as the main burden. Thirteen aid workers (10.1%) showed clinically relevant depressive symptoms. In total, 91.4% of refugee aid workers had experienced at least one traumatic event personally or as a witness but only three (3.6%) fulfilled the psychometric requirements of a PTSD diagnosis. These three participants all belonged to the professional aid workers (6.3%). More severe symptoms of depression were sig...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Based on these encouraging preliminary findings, the authors recommend that behavioral health providers who are preparing to deploy become familiar with ART or related interventions in order to develop the confidence and the skills that are needed to provide timely and effective trauma-focused care for deployed soldiers. PMID: 31735965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Veterans with PTSD whose validity testing scores are indicative of poor effort and symptom exaggeration may be less resilient but may still complete a CPT group treatment and benefit from treatment at a rate comparable to Veterans who evidence good assessment effort and genuine symptom reporting pre-treatment. These findings also challenge the assumption that pre-treatment assessment effort failure and symptom exaggeration accurately predict poor effort in trauma-focused psychotherapy. PMID: 31735961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-quality evidence indicates that PCT is more effective in reducing PTSD severity compared to control conditions. Low quality of evidence did not support PCT as a non-inferior treatment compared to TF-CBT on clinician-rated post-treatment PTSD severity. The treatment effect differences between PCT and TF-CBT may attenuate over time. PCT participants drop out of treatment at lower rates relative to TF-CBT participants. Of note, all of the included studies were primarily designed to test the effectiveness of TF-CBT which may bias results away from PCT non-inferiority.The current systematic review provides...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
MDMA-guided psychotherapy is being tested for people with PTSD. After two “trips” with the psychotropic drug, she saw the promise.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
This article was originally published on Undark. Read the original article.
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized HealthSummit19 Mental Health/Psychology onetime syndication Source Type: news
Despite conducting numerous positive psychotherapy (PPT) tests, the effects of such activities in participants aged 50 and above have been dealt with by few studies. Therefore, the effects of PPT on psychological well-being (PWB), happiness, expectancy lif...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: This review provides valuable insight into the treatment of PTSD, as it supports the heterogeneous trajectories of psychotherapeutic responses and provides avenues for the development of interventions that consider individual-level factors in treatment response. PMID: 31535576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common, often debilitating mental health condition that occurs in some people who have experienced trauma. It can have a negative impact on mood, mimicking depression, and is characterized by petrifying episodes in which affected people re-experience trauma. New research suggests psychotherapy may provide a long-lasting reduction of distressing symptoms. Over the course of a lifetime, many people directly experience or witness trauma, such as sexual assault, violence, or natural disasters. Experts estimate that 10% to 20% of these people will experience acute (short-term) PTSD. So...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Authors: Neurohr S, Willner H Abstract Chances of Psychotherapeutic Interventions and Stabilization with Unaccompanied Minor Refugees During Clearing Procedure and During the Transition Phase to Youth Welfare In the present clinical report, the experiences with psychotherapeutic crisis intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors in an initial reception and clearing office in Berlin, which have been financed since December 2016 by the association Spatz e. V. from the St Joseph hospital in Berlin-Tempelhof, is reflected. The financing offer results due to the developments in 2015 - a year with an above-average incr...
Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie - Category: Child Development Tags: Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr Source Type: research
This study supports the efficacy of transdiagnostic behavior therapy across various affective disorders, including depression and PTSD. These findings suggest a possible reduction in the number of treatment protocols providers need to learn in order to treat patients with affective disorders. PMID: 31533455 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Am J Psychother Source Type: research
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