IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4410: Psychological Pathway from Obesity-Related Stigma to Depression via Internalized Stigma and Self-Esteem among Adolescents in Taiwan

The objective of this research was to examine the pathway from public stigma, to perceived stigma, to depression in adolescents via internalized stigma. Adolescents in grade 7 through 9 from a junior high school in Changhua County in Taiwan completed self-administered surveys from March to July in 2018. Adolescents were asked questions regarding depressive symptoms, obesity-related perceived stigma, and internalized stigma. Structural equation modeling was used to fit the pathway model. The pathway was first analyzed with the full sample and then stratified by actual and perceived weight status. Our final analytic sample consisted of 464 adolescents. The pathway model suggested an acceptable model fit. Perceived weight stigma (PWS) was significantly associated with internalized stigma regardless of actual or self-perceived weight status. Internalized stigma was significantly associated with anxiety for both actual (β = 0.186) and self-perceived nonoverweight (non-OW) participants (β = 0.170) but not for overweight (OW) participants (neither actual nor self-perceived). For OW adolescents, perceived weight stigma was associated with anxiety. However, the internalization process did not exist. It may be that the influence of perceived weight stigma is larger than internalized stigma on anxiety. It may also be that the level of internalization was not yet high enough to result in anxiety.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Scientists from 22 institutions, including UCLA, are recommending early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of severe chronic inflammation to reduce the risk of chronic disease and death worldwide.The group of international experts, which also includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, Harvard Medical School, Columbia University Medical Center and University College London, point to inflammation-related diseases as the cause of 50 percent of all deaths worldwide.Inflammation is a naturally occurring response by the body ’s immune system that helps fight illness and infection. Whe...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Conclusions: Insomnia symptoms and obesity were related to overall aggressive behavior in PWE independent of depressive symptoms. The individual subscales of the AQ were correlated differently with the various factors including male sex, obesity, depressive symptoms, anxiety, insomnia symptoms, epilepsy severity, polytherapy, and the use of perampanel.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Depression, but not generalized anxiety disorder, is associated with adiposity in both directions, with a stronger evidence for the direction obesity-depression. Inflammation explains part of the effect of major depressive disorder on obesity but not the other way around. Further research should explore other mechanisms that could be involved in the association between obesity and depression.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results enrich the limited data and suggest that NO may be associated with obesity and psychopathology and should be a concern in the pathophysiology of childhood mental health and obesity.
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Obesity is highly prevalent worldwide. Emerging clinical studies suggest that pre- and pro- biotic formulations may be effective interventions for the management of obesity and associated metabolic complications. The current trial was conducted to assess the effect of synbiotic supplementation on anthropometric indices, glycemic and lipid profile, blood pressure, and psychological status of adults with overweight or obesity. METHODS: This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 60 adults with overweight or obesity. Participants were randomly assigned into two gr...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net addresses how to handle that dreadful job interview anxiety, why stress is necessary for a rich life, dealing with the holiday blues, why depression hits men harder than women in deprived areas, and more.       A Psychologist’s Guide to Managing Your Anxiety Before, During, and Even After a Job Interview: It’s normal to struggle with anxiety right before a job interview or when starting a new job. But how do you turn down the jitters volume so you can give your best performance? Dr. Sherry Benton, founder and chief science officer of Tao Connect, ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Aging Anxiety and Panic Depression Disorders Family General Happiness Holiday Coping LifeHelper Men's Issues Mental Health and Wellness Professional Psychiatry Psychology Psychology Around the Net Research Self-Help Stres Source Type: blogs
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States today. Information about possible physical damage to the body and concern about growing rates of diabetes in children and teens take center stage in most related discussions. But, there are some serious psychological effects as well that must be considered. Handling these might make the difference in whether someone is successful in managing this condition or not. In a “Wear Blue” campaign, the Diabetes Association of Atlanta and communities across the country are sharing information for National Diabetes Month in November. Many ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Diabetes Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review Severe asthma is often associated with numerous comorbidities that complicate disease management and affect patient's outcomes. They contribute to poor disease control and mimic asthma symptoms. Although some comorbidities such as obstructive sleep apnea, bronchiectasis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are generally well recognized, many other may remain undiagnosed but may be detected in an expert specialist setting. The management of comorbidities seems to improve asthma outcomes, and optimizes therapy by avoiding overtreatment. The present review provides recent knowledge regarding the most...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: ASTHMA: Edited by Nicola A. Hanania, Zuzana Diamant, and Maarten van den Berge Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In each case of the coexistence of growth velocity inhibition (not necessarily short stature) with the weight gain (not necessarily obesity) and the appearance of hyperandrogenism and depressive-anxiety disorders, biochemical diagnostics of CS should be performed. Obesi-ty could be a chronic complication of CD in childhood, even after effective neurosurgery treatment. PMID: 31769271 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 November 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Maryam Behrooz, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Alireza OstadrahimiAbstractBackground and AimsSpexin (SPX) is a novel peptide recently discovered as an important regulatory adipokine in obesity and related metabolic diseases. The aim of the current study was to determine the potential role of Circulating levels of SPX in obese children and explore its relationships with obesity-related risk factors, and its potential role in preventing obesity.Methods45 obese children and 45normal-weight children of similar age an...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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