Cervical alignment after single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion using autologous bone graft without spinal instrumentation for cervical pyogenic spondylitis

This study aimed to analyze cervical alignment after single-level ACCF using autologous bone graft without spinal instrumentation for CPS compared with that for CDD.MethodsSix patients underwent single-level ACCF using autologous bone graft without spinal instrumentation for CPS. The control group included 18 age-matched patients who underwent single-level ACCF using autologous bone graft for CDD without spinal instrumentation for the same duration. Cervical and lateral plain radiographs and computed tomography scans were taken. The Frankel classification was used to assess the neurological status preoperatively, postoperatively, and at 2-year follow-up for CPS.ResultsAt 2-year follow-up, the average segmental angle at the fusion level was − 12.2° ± 6.9° for CPS and − 5.2° ± 7.6° for CDD (p = 0.04). Changes in segmental angle at the fusion level were − 7.2 ± 9.0° for CPS and − 1.1° ± 7.1° for CDD (p = 0.02). At 2-year follow-up, the average anterior segmental fusion height was 23.4 ± 1.7 mm for CPS and 29.1 ± 5.1 mm for CDD (p 
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our evidence suggests that the L5-KAL can serve as an indicator of the thoracic curve change in Scheuermann's disease and postural kyphosis patients and should be considered in clinical practice. PMID: 31940713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
For over four decades, clinicians and researchers have suggested a relationship between congenital heart disease (CHD) and scoliosis, attributed to either the disease itself or to the long-term effects of cardiac surgery on the immature thoracic cage. However, no study has yet accounted for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), the second most common cause of CHD after Down syndrome. 22q11.2DS has a scoliosis risk of 50%, but within 22q11.2DS a previous report found no significant association between scoliosis and CHD.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research
This study aims to establish radiographic parameters of lumbopelvic sagittal alignment, gender related differences, and age-related changes in a middle-aged community, to investigate whether age-related changes of lumbopelvic alignment reflect the risk of locomotive syndrome (LS). This study included 448 healthy Japanese volunteers who attended a basic health checkup supported by the local government. The subjects (184 males and 264 females, mean age: 62.7 years) were grouped according to their age by decade. Sagittal lumbopelvic parameters were collected by lateral spine radiographs including lumbar lordosis (L1&ndas...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2020Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery, Volume 20Author(s): Adrian Kelly, Aftab Younus, Patrick LekgwaraAbstractAdult scoliosis is an umbrella term referring to all forms of scoliosis occurring in skeletally mature individuals, irrespective of whether the deformity began before or after skeletal maturity. Adult degenerative scoliosis is a specific type of adult scoliosis that refers to a structural curve that develops after skeletal maturity in a previously normal spine. The pathogenesis of adult degenerative scoliosis has at its foundation the same starting point of degenerative spine disease na...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth distal radius and ulna scores correlate with the longitudinal growth potential, and thus, the DRU scoring scheme is an alternative predictor for growth potential and curve progression in girls with IS.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Zwierzchowska A, Tuz J, Grabara M Abstract BACKGROUND: One of the complications of obesity is low back pain, frequently associated with postural disorders. Body adiposity index (BAI) can be calculated without weighing, which may be rendered useful in settings where measuring accurate body weight is problematic. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two indices of somatic structure, i.e., BAI and BMI regarding their accuracy (specific and sensitive) in predicting postural aberrations. METHODS: The study group comprised of 1281 participants aged 20-22 years, who were students from univ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
Osteotomies in the cervical spine are technically challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) technique at C7 to be used for the t...
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigher BMI, height, and weight are risk factors for progressive worsening of dynamic sagittal imbalance.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionC2 –C7 A exhibited correlations with cervical balance and also with global balance. There should be various type of thoraco-lumbar alignment in DHS.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsMersilene tape at UIV  + 1 level decreases the risk of PJK following PIF for ASD.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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