Spinal cord anomalies in children with anorectal malformations: Ultrasound is a good screening test

The purpose of this study is to correlate spinal ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with anorectal malformations (ARMs).
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionsIVC reconstruction is a safe option for patients requiring IVC resection during oncologic surgery as evidenced by 1-year survival of 75% and 1-year primary patency approaching 90%. The overall rate of postoperative thrombus development was low and similar across all groups. In the management of primary and secondary retroperitoneal malignant disease with IVC infiltration, IVC reconstruction should be considered to achieve appropriate oncologic resection while minimizing possible complications from caval interruption.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Hain E, Sindayigaya R, Fawaz J, Gharios J, Bouteloup G, Soyer P, Bertherat J, Prat F, Terris B, Coriat R, Gaujoux S Abstract Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas (pNETs) represent only 1 to 2% of all pancreatic neoplasms. These tumors can be classified as functional or non-functional tumors; as sporadic or from a genetic origin; as neuroendocrine neoplasms or carcinoma. Over the last decade, diagnosis of pNETs has increased significantly mainly due to the widespread use of cross-sectional imaging. Those tumors are usually associated with a good prognosis. Surgery, the only curative option fo...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionThese modified recommendations provide guidance for rheumatologists, radiologists and healthcare professionals on timely diagnosis of axSpA and disease management with appropriate imaging modalities.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
ConclusionsManagement of delivery in cases of suspected autosomal recessive renal polycystic kidney disease needs to be discussed because of the risk of abdominal dystocia. The route and timing of delivery depend on the size of the fetal abdominal circumference and the gestational age. The rate of kidney growth must also be taken into account.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the additional value of fetal multiplanar (axial, coronal and sagittal) neurosonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to axial ultrasound (US) planes to diagnose brain damage (visualized as periventricular echogenicity changes (PVE), intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) and echogenicities in basal ganglia and/or thalami (BGTE)) and signal intensity changes in the equivalent brain areas on MRI in fetuses at high risk. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, observational study. Women eligible for participation were those where the fetus was at risk factor for acquired brain ano...
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
In this study, we compared different anesthesia and operation methods for modeling VX2 hepatocarcinoma in rabbits. Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: A, B, and C. Group A underwent ultrasound-guided implantation and intravenous anesthesia; Group B underwent ultrasound-guided implantation and inhalation anesthesia; Group C underwent laparotomy implantation and intravenous anesthesia. Anesthesia and operation differences were compared between groups A and B, and A and C, respectively. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess tumor formation and growth, and pathological examinat...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
ConclusionWith the proper technique and knowledge of the ankle anatomy, high-frequency US proved to be an effective imaging modality in the diagnosis of CFL lesions in chronic lateral ankle injuries. US had a high sensitivity and specificity in the evaluation of the CFL when MRI findings were regarded as the reference standard.
Source: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Recently revised international guidelines for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) suggest that selected patients with inadequate surveillance ultrasonography to be assessed by alternative imaging modalities such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI with contrast material has drawbacks associated with the use of gadolinium contrast agent. Non-enhanced MRI consisted of diffusion-weighted imaging and T2-weighted imaging showed significantly better performance than ultrasonography as a surveillance tool for HCC in a high-risk prospective cohort. The estimated scan time of non-enhanced MRI was less than 6 ...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: At the moment, we are uncertain whether rotator cuff repair surgery provides clinically meaningful benefits to people with symptomatic tears; it may provide little or no clinically important benefits with respect to pain, function, overall quality of life or participant-rated global assessment of treatment success when compared with non-operative treatment. Surgery may not improve shoulder pain or function compared with exercises, with or without glucocorticoid injections. The trials included have methodology concerns and none included a placebo control. They included participants with mostly small degenerativ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of MRgFUS for PD by systematically reviewing related literature. PubMed and EMBASE were searched to identify related studies. Inclusion criteria were (1) reported the efficacy or sa fety of MRgFUS for PD and (2) published in English. Exclusion criteria were (1) nonhuman study, (2) review or meta-analysis or other literature types without original data, and (3) conference abstract without full text. Data on study characteristics, treatment parameters, efficacy, and adverse event s were collected. Descriptive synthesis of data was performed. Eleven studies containing 80...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
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