Corrigendum to “Down-regulation of MeCP2 in Hirschsprung's disease” [J Pediatr Surg 48(10) (2013 Oct) 2099–105]
The authors regret (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Zhigang Zhou, Jingjing Qin, Junwei Tang, Bo Li, Qiming Geng, Weiwei Jiang, Wei Wu, Virender Rehan, Weibing Tang, Xiaoqun Xu, Yankai Xia Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Announcements of Future Meetings
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental impairment in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Not an uncommon complication for survivors
To evaluate neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in children born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 18, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Louise Montalva, Gabriele Raffler, Angela Riccio, Giuseppe Lauriti, Augusto Zani Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Critical design and validation considerations for the development of neonatal minimally invasive surgery simulators
Pediatric surgical trainees have limited exposure to advanced minimally invasive surgery (MIS) during their clinical training, particularly for cases such as esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). Simulation on validated neonatal models offers an alternative means of training that may augment traditional forms of training; but to be useful, they must fulfill certain criteria. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 15, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: David Nair, Jonathan M Wells, Nick Cook, Ash Moorhead, Spencer W Beasley Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Primary Posterior Sagittal Anorectoplasty Outcomes for Rectovestibular and Perineal Fistulas Using an Accelerated Pathway: a Single Institution Study
Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is the most common surgical treatment for patients with anorectal malformations. Such patients are often subjected to prolonged nil per os (NPO), antibiotic use, and use of parenteral nutrition. Our aim was to review our institutional experience with patients undergoing PSARP using an accelerated standardized postoperative pathway. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 13, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Dorothy V. Rocourt, Audrey S. Kulaylat, Afif N. Kulaylat, Stephan Leung, Robert E. Cilley Source Type: research

The effect of intralesional steroid injections on esophageal strictures and the child as whole: a case series
The most frequent complication after esophageal atresia repair remains anastomotic stricture formation. The initial treatment is endoscopic dilatation. Intralesional steroid injection (ISI) might be an effective adjuvant treatment in case of recurrent strictures. In this series we present our initial experience with this intervention. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 10, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Chantal A. ten Kate, John Vlot, Cornelius E.J. Sloots, Erica L.T. van den Akker, Rene M.H. Wijnen Source Type: research

Autism spectrum disorder and neurodevelopmental delays in children with giant omphalocele
To determine the prevalence and identify risk factors of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and neurodevelopmental delays in giant omphalocele (GO) survivors. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 10, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Judith S. Miller, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Erica M. Schindewolf, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Samantha E. Adams, Natalie E. Rintoul, Lisa M. Herkert, Lynne Taylor, Jane Schreiber, William H. Peranteau, Alan W. Flake, N. Scott Adzi Source Type: research

Reply to Letter to the Editor
We thank Professor Hutson for his interest in our study and for investigating other possible solutions for this association. Genetics could play an important role in this, although we could not verify this with our patient data because there were no significant differences in genetic anomalies in the patients with or without an UDT. We did not find an association with the syndromal CDH patients, because most CDH with an UDT had an isolated CDH. WT1 is known to be associated with an UDT/ urogenital anomalies and could have a factor in this association with a CDH, which is interesting to explore further. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 7, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Kim Heiwegen, Stan Janssen, Iris van Rooij, Janielle van der Velden, Ivo Blaauw, Sanne Botden Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Partial and radical nephrectomy in children, adolescents, and young adults: Equivalent readmissions and postoperative complications
To compare and contrast the use of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) in pediatric malignant renal tumors using a nationally representative database. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 7, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: M. Hassan Alkazemi, Zachary R. Dionise, Ruiyang Jiang, Steven Wolf, Gina-Maria Pomann, Elisabeth T. Tracy, Henry E. Rice, Jonathan C. Routh Source Type: research

The risks of postoperative complications and prolonged hospital stay in children receiving bronchoscopy
Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common problem among children that needs to be recognized and managed quickly. Our study aimed at comparing risk factors associated with adverse events in children receiving either flexible or rigid bronchoscopy, by reporting and analyzing our experience in the removal of airway FB primarily through flexible bronchoscopy. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - June 3, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Peng Li, Genqin Jiang, Qi Li Source Type: research

Surgically Managed Ovarian Masses at the Royal Children ’s Hospital, Melbourne –19 Year Experience
To describe the clinicopathological characteristics and management of surgically removed ovarian masses at the Royal Children ’s Hospital, Melbourne from 1993 to 2012. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: JA How, JL Marino, SR Grover, Y Heloury, M Sullivan, A Mellor, O McNally, Y Jayasinghe Source Type: research

Milk vomiting or regurgitation in the first 3 months of life: Something old –something new
The age of presentation of reflux symptoms and their self-cure in babies without a sliding hernia parallel those of mild pyloric stenosis of infancy (PS). It is proposed that this is because PS and, at least some cases of reflux, share the same cause —a temporary hold-up at the pyloric sphincter owing to acid provoked hypertrophy of the pyloric sphincter.In support of this theory, the written observations of John Thomson, Pediatrician from Edinburgh, in 1921 and Isabella Forshall, Pediatric Surgeon from Alder Hey Hospital, Liverpool, in 1958 a re revisited. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 31, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Ian M Rogers Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Announcements of Future Meetings
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Statistical power and sample size calculations: A primer for pediatric surgeons
Determining the appropriate sample size is an integral component of any well-designed research study, grant application, or scientific manuscript. Surgeons intuitively understand the concept of statistical power, but have limited knowledge in how to go about performing the calculations correctly. Our goal is to provide a strategy for pediatric surgeons to use when planning a study to determine the sample sizes required for detecting a clinically meaningful effect, which is important for interpreting and validating their results. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Steven J. Staffa, David Zurakowski Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

What predicts spontaneous passage of ≤1 cm ureteral stones in children?
The aim of this study is to determine what factors predict spontaneous passage of ≤1 cm ureteral stones in children. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 30, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: A. Midhat Elmac ı, M. İrfan Dönmez, Fatih Akın, Bilal Çetin, Metin Gündüz Source Type: research

Factors that predict the need for early surgeon presence in the setting of pediatric trauma
Evidence based variables predicting the need for surgeon presence (NSP) on arrival of an injured child are limited. We sought to identify prehospital factors that best correlate with NSP and highest level of activation in pediatric trauma. A secondary analysis was also performed to determine whether injury severity score (ISS) was predictive of NSP in pediatric trauma. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 29, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Paul McGaha, Tabitha Garwe, Kenneth Stewart, Zoona Sarwar, Justin Robbins, Jeremy Johnson, Robert W Letton Source Type: research

Capitonnage seems better in childhood pulmonary hydatid cyst surgery
Pulmonary hydatid disease remains an important healthcare problem. Conservative operative interventions including cystotomy or cystotomy with capitonnage are the two commonly used techniques. However, there is no scientific consensus over selection of these operative interventions. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 25, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Amine Ksia, Meriem Ben Fredj, Arije Zouaoui, Nahla Kechiche, Samia Belhassen, Sana Mosbahi, Sabrine Ben Youssef, Sami Sfar, Rachida Lamiri, Lassaad Sahnoun, Mongi Mekki, Mohsen Belghith, Abdulmohsen Bokhary, Abdellatif Nouri Source Type: research

The benefits of limiting scheduled blood draws in children with a blunt liver or spleen injury
Nonoperative management protocols of blunt liver and spleen injury in children usually call for serial monitoring of the child's hemoglobin and hematocrit (H/H) at scheduled intervals. We previously demonstrated that the need for emergent intervention is triggered by changes in vital signs, not the findings of scheduled blood draws and changed our protocol accordingly. The current aim is to evaluate the safety of this change. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Shannon N. Acker, Lauren R.S. Hill, Denis D. Bensard, Steven Moulton, David A. Partrick Source Type: research

Sternal torsion in pectus excavatum is related to cardiac compression and chest malformation indexes
The role of sternal torsion (ST) in patients with pectus excavatum (PEX) is unknown. We evaluated the relationship between ST and both chest malformation and cardiac compression (CC) indexes. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Carlos Capunay, Marcelo Martinez-Ferro, Patricia Carrascosa, Gaston Bellia-Munzon, Alejandro Deviggiano, Maximiliano Nazar, Jorge Luis Martinez, Gaston A. Rodriguez-Granillo Source Type: research

Isolated fallopian tube torsion in pediatric age: An Italian multicenter retrospective study
The purpose of this study was to quantify the experience of five Italian centers on the diagnosis and management of isolated fallopian tube torsion (IFTT) in children. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Mirko Bertozzi, Carmine Noviello, Francesco Molinaro, Alberto Ratta, Gabriele Lisi, Giovanni Cobellis, Silvana Federici, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa, Ascanio Martino, Mario Messina Source Type: research

Pathology findings following interval appendectomy: Should it stay or go?
Interval appendectomy following nonoperative management of complicated appendicitis remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical pathology and clinical outcomes after pediatric interval appendectomy. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Dina Fouad, Jeremy D. Kauffman, Nicole M. Chandler Source Type: research

Establishment of a biobank for human lung tissues of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and congenital pulmonary airway malformation
Human tissue samples are an invaluable and little available source of information for translational studies of congenital lung diseases such as Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) or Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation (CPAM). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Richard Wagner, Lojine Ayoub, Shana Kahnamoui, Henry Li, Daywin Patel, Daisy Liu, Marc R. Del Bigio, Camelia Stefanovici, Martin Lacher, Richard Keijzer Source Type: research

Pediatric ovarian immature teratoma: Histological grading and clinical characteristics
Ovarian immature teratomas (ITs) are relatively rare among all pediatric ovarian tumors. The histological grading for ovarian ITs, which ranges from 1 to 3, is based on the proportion of immature neuroepithelial component. Higher-grade ITs in adults are treated as malignant neoplasms and require adjuvant chemotherapy. However, there is no consensus on the therapeutic management of pediatric ovarian ITs. The aim of our study was to analyze the histological grades and clinical characteristics of ovarian ITs in pediatric patients. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Toko Shinkai, Kouji Masumoto, Fumiko Chiba, Kazuki Shirane, Yasunari Tanaka, Tsubasa Aiyoshi, Takato Sasaki, Kentaro Ono, Chikashi Gotoh, Yasuhisa Urita, Hajime Takayasu, Ryoko Suzuki, Shingo Sakashita Source Type: research

An experimental study on magnetic esophageal compression anastomosis in piglets
Fashioning a patent, watertight anastomosis in patients with esophageal atresia is a challenging task in pediatric surgery, particularly when performed under tension. A reproducible suture-less alternative would decrease operative time. We evaluated magnetic esophageal compression anastomoses in a novel bypass-loop swine model. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Oliver J. Muensterer, Alexander Sterlin, Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski, Andreas Lindner, Axel Heimann, Alexandru Balus, Jana Dickmann, Maximilian Nuber, Veeshal H. Patel, Michael A. Manfredi, Russell W. Jennings, Charles J. Smithers, Dario O. Fauza, Source Type: research

A decision tree to guide long term venous access placement in children and adolescents undergoing surgery for renal tumors
This study develops and tests a VA decision tree (DT) to direct the placement of VA in patients with renal tumors. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Amanda F. Saltzman, Alonso Carrasco, Sarah Hecht, Jonathan Walker, Brian T. Caldwell, Jennifer L. Bruny, Nicholas G. Cost Source Type: research

Defining the Role of Angioembolization in Pediatric Isolated Blunt Solid Organ Injury
To determine the incidence and outcomes of angiography in pediatric patients with blunt solid organ injury (SOI). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Robert A. Swendiman, Matthew A. Goldshore, Stephen J. Fenton, Michael L. Nance Source Type: research

Risk Factors and Associated Morbidity of Urinary Tract Infections in Pediatric Surgical Patients: a NSQIP Pediatric Analysis
The purpose of this study is to examine the incidence, risk factors, and morbidity of postoperative urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric surgical patients. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Jeremy D. Kauffman, Paul D. Danielson, Nicole M. Chandler Source Type: research

Technical standardization of MIS management of children with pilonidal sinus disease using pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT) and laser epilation
This study aimed to standardize the technique of pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT) associated with laser epilation. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Ciro Esposito, Francesco Turr à, Mariapina Cerulo, Fulvia Del Conte, Giorgia Esposito, Alessio Pini Prato, Maria Escolino Tags: Operative Techniques Source Type: research

Filling the gap: Objective data to guide pediatric surgery applicants who do not match on the first attempt
Acquiring a pediatric surgery fellowship is an arduous process, with less than half of applicants matching each year. For those who fail to match initially but remain steadfast in their goal to become a pediatric surgeon, choosing a valuable postresidency path can be challenging. Furthermore, objective data to evaluate the utility of pediatric surgical subspecialty fellowships (PSSF) are lacking. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: S. Christopher Derderian, Michael J. Benge, Frederick M. Karrer, Shannon N. Acker, Jonathan P. Roach Source Type: research

Biobanking for necrotizing enterocolitis: Needs and standards
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating gastrointestinal disease that primarily affects premature infants. Despite medical advances, mortality and morbidity from NEC are still unacceptably high. This is partly because of the lack of specific biomarkers and therapies for this disease. Availability of high-quality biological samples and the associated data from premature infants are key to advance our understanding of NEC, and for biomarker discovery and drug development. To that end, the NEC Society Biorepository was established with the goal of promoting studies in human infants through sharing specialized biospec...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Hala Chaaban, Troy A. Markel, Jennifer Canvasser, Misty Good Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the diagnostic biopsy approach for children with hepatoblastoma: A report from the Children ’s Oncology Group AHEP 0731 Liver Tumor Committee
The histopathological assessment of pediatric liver tumors at presentation is critical to establish a diagnosis, guide treatment, and collect appropriate research samples. The purpose of this study was to evaluate complications associated with different approaches to liver biopsy for newly diagnosed hepatoblastoma. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Christopher B. Weldon, Arin L. Madenci, Gregory M. Tiao, Stephen P. Dunn, Max R. Langham, Eugene D. McGahren, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Dolores H. L ópez-Terrada, Milton J. Finegold, Marcio H. Malogolowkin, Jin Piao, Li Huang, Mark D. Krailo, Rebecka L. Source Type: research

Provider education decreases opioid prescribing after pediatric umbilical hernia repair
To improve opioid stewardship for umbilical hernia repair in children. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 18, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Kaitlin N. Piper, Katherine J. Baxter, Martha Wetzel, Courtney McCracken, Curtis Travers, Bethany Slater, Sarah B. Cairo, David H. Rothstein, Robert Cina, Melvin Dassinger, Patrick Bonasso, Aaron Lipskar, Naomi-Liza Denning, Eunice Huang, Sohail R. Shah, Source Type: research

Feasibility and safety of using low-body-weight donors in pediatric liver transplantation
Donors with low-body-weight were previously reported to be related to inferior recipient outcomes in pediatric liver transplantation. However, the scarce availability of age and size-matched organs has encouraged us to re-evaluate the feasibility and safety of using low-body-weight donors. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 17, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Zhuolun Song, Nan Ma, Chong Dong, Chao Sun, Xingchu Meng, Wei Zhang, Kai Wang, Bin Wu, Shanni Li, Hong Qin, Chao Han, Haohao Li, Wei Gao, Zhongyang Shen Source Type: research

Investigation of the Cardiotoxic Effects of Parenteral Nutrition in Rabbits
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used for the intravenous delivery of nutrients to patients who cannot take food orally. However, it is not clear whether PN also negatively impacts cardiac tissue. The present empirical study investigated the cardiac effects of PN in rabbits. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 17, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Kubilay G ürünlüoğlu, Mehmet Gül, Alper Koçbıyık, Ahmet Koç, Nuray Üremiş, Semra Gürünlüoğlu, Harika Gözükara Bağ, Yücel Karaca, Aytaç Taşçi, Semir Gül, Muhammed Mehdi Üremiş, Kübra Durmuş, Mehmet Demircan Source Type: research

The functional chewing training for chewing dysfunction in children with repaired EA-TEF
Chewing disorders (CD) may cause restrictions in solid food intake and can be seen in 37% of children with esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF). The Functional Chewing Training (FCT) is a holistic approach to improve chewing function (CF) in children. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of FCT on CF in children with EA-TEF. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 17, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ay şe Karaduman, Feridun Cahit Tanyel, Tutku Soyer Source Type: research

Damage control surgery in neonates: Lessons learned from the battlefield
Mortality for neonates requiring surgery for serious pathology such as NEC, remains high. Damage control surgery (DCS) has evolved as an operative strategy in battlefield trauma that sacrifices the completeness of the initial surgery to address the deadly triad of acidosis, hypothermia and coagulopathy. This approach is now used routinely in sick adults with nontrauma surgical emergencies. Here we describe our experience of using DCS in neonates. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: G Suren Arul, Michael Singh, Afeda Mohammed Ali, Oliver J Gee Source Type: research

The impact of abnormal BMI on surgical complications after pediatric colorectal surgery
This study evaluates the impact of obesity on surgical outcomes after elective colorectal procedures. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Angela M. Kao, Michael R. Arnold, Tanushree Prasad, Andrew M. Schulman Source Type: research

Outcomes of liver transplantation for Alagille syndrome after Kasai portoenterostomy: Alagille Syndrome with agenesis of extrahepatic bile ducts at porta hepatis
Alagille syndrome (ALGS) is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by a paucity of intrahepatic bile ducts, resulting in significant cholestasis, and peculiar extrahepatic features. Some ALGS patients show a considerable overlap with biliary atresia (BA), and they can undergo Kasai procedure. The purpose of this study is to show the manifestations of BA overlapped ALGS cases in our institution, and to compare the outcomes of ALGS patients following liver transplantation (LT) between those who previously underwent Kasai surgery (ALGS-Kasai group) and those who did not (ALGS-non-Kasai group). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Gunadi, Masakatshu Kaneshiro, Tatsuya Okamoto, Mari Sonoda, Eri Ogawa, Hideaki Okajima, Shiji Uemoto Source Type: research

Outcomes of multi-gestational pregnancies affected by esophageal atresia – tracheoesophageal fistula
Contemporary outcomes of infants with esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) from multi-gestational pregnancies compared to those of singleton pregnancies have not been reported. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Corey Forster, Paul Zamiara, Eveline Lapidus-Krol, Monping Chiang, Vikki Scaini, Beth Haliburton, Aideen M. Moore, Margaret A. Marcon, Priscilla P.L. Chiu Source Type: research

Laparotomy complications on extracorporeal life support: Surgical site bleeding does not increase mortality
We examined risk factors associated with bleeding and mortality after laparotomy on ECLS. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 15, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Wesley E Barry, Shannon L Castle, Jamie Golden, David M Rosenberg, Aaron R Jensen, David Bliss Source Type: research

Hemorrhage after on-ECMO repair of CDH is equivalent for muscle flap and prosthetic patch
Prosthetic patch (patch) and muscle flap (flap) techniques are utilized for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair; however, when performed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), the risk of hemorrhage increases. We sought to compare bleeding complications between repair types. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 15, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Heather Nolan, Emrah Aydin, Jason S. Frischer, Jose L. Peiro, Beth Rymeski, Foong-Yen Lim Source Type: research

Understanding Non-accidental Trauma in the United States: A National Trauma Databank Study
The purpose of this study is to characterize the epidemiology, injury patterns, outcomes and trends of non-accidental trauma (NAT) in the United States using a large national database. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 15, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Eric H. Rosenfeld, Brittany Johnson, David E. Wesson, Sohail R. Shah, Adam M. Vogel, Bindi Naik-Mathuria Source Type: research

Screening for blunt cerebrovascular injuries in pediatric trauma patients
Adult imaging for blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) is based on the Denver and Memphis screening criteria where CT angiogram (CTA) is performed for any one of the criteria being positive. These guidelines have been extrapolated to the pediatric population. We hypothesize that the current adult criteria applied to pediatrics lead to unnecessary CTA in pediatric trauma patients. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Michael U. Mallicote, Mubina A. Isani, Jamie Golden, Henri R. Ford, Jeffrey S. Upperman, Christopher P. Gayer Source Type: research

Safe phlebotomy reduction in stable pediatric liver and spleen injuries
Pediatric blunt solid organ injury management based on hemodynamic monitoring rather than grade may safely reduce resource expenditure and improve outcomes. Previously we have reported a retrospectively validated management algorithm for pediatric liver and spleen injuries which monitors hemodynamics without use of routine phlebotomy. We hypothesize that stable blunt pediatric isolated splenic/liver injuries can be managed safely using a protocol reliant on vital signs and not repeat hemoglobin levels. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Naomi-Liza Denning, Ibrahim Abd el-shafy, Amanda Munoz, Ian Vannix, Rajaie Hazboun, Xian Luo-Owen, John F. Cordova, Joanne Baerg, Daniel C. Cullinane, Jose M. Prince Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor – Journal of Pediatric Surgery
With our interest in biliary atresia (BA) and its surgical treatment, we were delighted to read the article by de Carvalho, et al. describing their technique for hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE) [1]. The Authors provide high quality images of their exposure and dissection of the portal structures and these are excellent guides to the complex anatomy of this challenging area. After review of the manuscript, we feel that some comments regarding the article are warranted. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 14, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: David J. Worhunsky, Christine J. Park, Robert A. Cowles Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Accuracy of surgeon prediction of appendicitis severity in pediatric patients
This study assesses the accuracy of surgeons' prediction of appendicitis severity. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 13, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Yangyang R. Yu, Eric H. Rosenfeld, Shaahin Dadjoo, Robert C. Orth, Monica E. Lopez, Sohail R. Shah, Bindi J. Naik-Mathuria Source Type: research

Antenatally-detected liver cysts: Causes and characteristics, indications for intervention
The prevalence of antenatally-detected hepatic cysts is increasing owing to increased use of maternal ultrasonography (USS). Diagnostic precision, however, is challenging and subsequently there is no clear consensus on postnatal management. The aim of the study was to evaluate the natural history and long-term follow up of congenital simple hepatic cysts. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 13, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Morven Allan, Maria Asimakidou, Mark Davenport Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants with spontaneous intestinal perforation: A retrospective case-matched cohort study
Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is an intestinal complication that occurs in very ill preterms. We investigated whether SIP survivors have worse neurodevelopmental and gastrointestinal outcomes and a poorer quality of life than controls. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - May 10, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Isabelle Adant, Marc Miserez, Gunnar Naulaers, Kate Carkeek, Els Ortibus, Raf Aerts, Maissa Rayyan Source Type: research