Sarcopenia and osteosarcopenia in seriously injured motor vehicle crash occupants.

Conclusions: Sarcopenia and osteosarcopenia may be associated with more serious injuries and fractures in MVCs. PMID: 31674830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Muzhi Li, Yifu Tang, Can Chen, Jiefu Zhou, Cheng Zheng, Huabin Chen, Hongbin Lu, Jin QuAbstractBackgroundMany orthopedic surgical procedures involve reattachment between tendon and bone. Whether bone–tendon healing is better facilitated by tendon fixation on a bone surface or within a tunnel is unknown. The purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate the effects of bone surface versus bone trough fixation on bone–tendon healing in a rabbit patella–patellar tendon (PPT) injury model.MethodsThe rab...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study sought to derive and validate a systematic method enabling AVC quantification using computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients with AS.Methods134 consecutive patients with AS who underwent both NCCT and CTA were included in the study and sub-divided into derivation (n=71) and validation cohorts (n=63). On NCCT, AVC was quantified using Agatston method utilizing the software developed for semi-automatic assessment of coronary calcium. On CTA, mean contrast attenuation of aorta (AortaHU) and standard deviation (SD) was measured in the region-of-interest at level of sinotubular junction.ResultsUsing an adjus...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Crapé L, Strubbe B, Cesmeli E, de Clerck F Abstract A 24-year-old male presented with abdominal pain, postprandial vomiting and weight loss. Lab results showed an elevated serum eosinophil count and CT-scan demonstrated a thickened antral, duodenal and jejunal wall. Repetitive endoscopic mucosal biopsies were normal. Work-up of eosinophilia-associated gastro-intestinal disorders excluded secondary causes. Bone marrow showed an elevated eosinophil count without arguments for a primary hypereosinophilic syndrome. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy detected a strongly elevated number of eo...
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate and characterize anterior chest wall (ACW) joint ’s enthesopathy on CT scans in patients with DISH compared with age- and gender-matched control group.Material and methodsRetrospective evaluation for enthesopathy features of ACW joints —sterno-clavicular (SCJ), manubrio-sternal (MSJ), costo-sternal 1–7 (CSJ)—on chest CT scans of subjects with DISH (Resnick criteria) and of age- and gender-matched control subjects was performed. 183 subjects (DISH: 92, control: 91); male:female: 126:57, average age: 71.7 years (range 50–94 ) were evaluated. Total enthesopathy sco...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere is a difference in mean error and reliability between radiologically measured values for anterior prominence and values measured directly with present methods. The use of our novel protocol based on bony acetabular landmarks, significantly improves the accuracy of measurement. This protocol may improve reproducibility and the accuracy of this measurement and aid in the decision between tenotomy or revision of the acetabular component.Level of evidenceIII, in vitro study comparing diagnostic tools.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We report a very rare case of LAM with malignant lymphoma. A 51-year-old female had medical history of recurrent pneumothorax and nephrectomy for a left renal angiomyolipoma and was diagnosed with LAM by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery at the age of 30. She presented with left neck mass. Computed tomography and magnetic response imaging showed multiple enlarged cervical lymph nodes. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed abnormal uptake in the mass. We suspected a malignant tumor or extrapulmonary lesion of LAM, and performed surgical biopsy. Pathologically, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma ...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsHU measurements in CT scans have proven to be a feasible tool to additionally assess bone quality at the lumbar and sacral spine with good sensitivity, when compared with the gold standard DXA.Level of evidenceIII.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Clinical scores have been proposed to stratify the risk of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), although this approach suffers a low specificity and the unavoidable need for computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) scans.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
Authors: Skalický T, Skalický A Abstract The presented case report describes primarily an unrecognized liver injury after the resuscitation with cardiac massage due to myocardial infarction. After myocardial revascularization, the hemodynamic instability and anaemia in the patient persisted. The performed CT scan confirmed a liver injury, namely the rupture of liver parenchyma with hemoperitoneum, which had to be treated surgically. It represents a complication of cardiac massage that occurs, though less frequently. Key words: resuscitation, liver trauma. PMID: 31941573 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Authors prefer using autologous bone flaps during cranioplasty. In cases where this method is unavailable, a synthetic bone substitute has to be used. The first medium-term experience with the use of a Cranio-Oss implant made of PEEK showed that it is a suitable alternative to the patient's own bone. No complications associated with this synthetic implant were reported and its use to manage skull defects can be strongly recommended. With respect to legal and accreditationrelated difficulties connected with bone fragments storage and thanks to the continuous cost reduction of synthetic implants will their import...
Source: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
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