Maternal Psychological Well-Being and Offspring ’s Outcomes in Peru: A Quantitative Analysis

AbstractThis paper examines the relationship between maternal psychological well-being and specific outcomes amongst children and adolescents in Peru. First, it assesses the impacts of maternal depression and life satisfaction on health and life satisfaction of children. Then, it evaluates the impacts of maternal psychological well-being on adolescent risk behavior. Prior research focuses predominately on effects in developed country contexts, but this paper aims to shed light on the impacts in an impoverished setting. Using panel data from the Young Lives Survey, the author finds that children ’s self-reported life satisfaction and health positively associate with maternal life satisfaction and negatively associate with maternal depression. Furthermore, maternal life satisfaction predicts whether female adolescents smoke, while maternal depression predicts smoking and misinformation on pregnancy amongst males. The findings suggest that maternal depression and life satisfaction both affect reported health, happiness, and risk behaviors in offspring.
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Low PD literacy among the PWs, misconception about aetiology and management among the NPs could be major barrier for delivery and utilisation of PD services. Thus, there is an urgent need to improve PD literacy among PWs and NPs. PMID: 31710947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Our results demonstrate that elevated BMn levels during pregnancy predict PPD symptoms and could be a potential pathway for intervention and prevention of PPD. PMID: 31730893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurotoxicology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurotoxicology Source Type: research
Abstract The placenta is a transient organ but essential for the survival of all mammalian species by allowing for the exchanges of gasses, nutrients, and waste between maternal and fetal placenta. In rodents and humans with a hemochorial placenta, fetal placenta cells are susceptible to pharmaceutical agents and other compounds, as they are bathed directly in maternal blood. The mouse and human placentae produce high concentrations of serotonin (5-HT) that can induce autocrine and paracrine effects. Placental 5-HT is the primary source of this neurotransmitter for fetal brain development. Increasing number of pre...
Source: Biology of Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Biol Reprod Source Type: research
The perinatal period presents a high-risk time for development of mood disorders. Australia-wide universal perinatal care, including depression screening, make this stage amenable to population-level preventat...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conditions:   Premature Birth;   Pregnancy Preterm;   Prenatal Stress;   Depression, Anxiety;   Depression, Postpartum;   Satisfaction, Patient;   Health Problems in Pregnancy Interventions:   Other: Glow! Group Prenatal Care;   Other: Individual Prenatal Care with CPSP Sponsors:   University of California, San Francisco;   Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute;   California State University, Fresno Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): Jingwen Lang, Bingqian Zhang, Yueru Meng, Yanzhi Du, Linlin Cui, Weiping LiAbstractResearch questionAre maternal depression and/or anxiety disorders (MDAD) before and during pregnancy associated with IVF outcomes?DesignA total of 5661 women starting their first IVF cycle between 15 August 2014 and 31 December 2015 were pooled from a prospective cohort of IVF-conceived children. The self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) were used to determine MDAD. IVF outcomes were compared between MDAD+ an...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present results demonstrated a negative association between maternal neurological or psychiatric disease and pregnancy outcome in the examined parameters. However, the non-pharmacologically treated maternal disease was identified as a risk factor itself.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Eric Achtyes, Sarah A. Keaton, LeAnn Smart, Amanda R. Burmeister, Patrick L. Heilman, Stanislaw Krzyzanowski, Madhavi Nagalla, Gilles J. Guillemin, Martha L. Escobar Galvis, Chai K. Lim, Maria Muzik, Teodor Postolache, Richard Leach, Lena BrundinAbstractDepression during pregnancy and the post-partum is common, with severe cases resulting in suicidal behavior. Despite the urgent and unmet medical need, the biological underpinnings of peri-partum depression remain unclear. It has been suggested that it is triggered by dynamic c...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractExposure to gestational stress is implicated in increased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in offspring. We assessed association between prenatal exposure to a 1-month period of repeated rocket attacks during the 2006 Second Lebanon War in Northern Israel and emergence of childhood neuropsychiatric disorders from birth through 9  years of age. Children born to women who were pregnant during the war (N = 6999) were identified and compared to children in the same district born a year later (N = 7054), whose mothers were not exposed to rocket attacks during pregnancy. Multivariable ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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