Important Goals, Meanings, and Relationships in Flourishing and Languishing States: Towards Patterns of Well-being
AbstractQualitative studies of lay people ’s perspectives on facets of well-being are scarce, and it is not known how the perspectives of people with high and low levels of well-being dovetail or differ. This research explored the experiences of people with high/flourishing versus low/languishing levels of positive mental health in three cross-sectional survey design studies. Languishing and flourishing participants were selected in each study based on quantitative data from the Mental Health Continuum - Short Form as reported by Keyes et al. (Journal of Health and Social Behavior 43:207 –222, 2002). Qualitativ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - November 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal Psychological Well-Being and Offspring ’s Outcomes in Peru: A Quantitative Analysis
AbstractThis paper examines the relationship between maternal psychological well-being and specific outcomes amongst children and adolescents in Peru. First, it assesses the impacts of maternal depression and life satisfaction on health and life satisfaction of children. Then, it evaluates the impacts of maternal psychological well-being on adolescent risk behavior. Prior research focuses predominately on effects in developed country contexts, but this paper aims to shed light on the impacts in an impoverished setting. Using panel data from the Young Lives Survey, the author finds that children ’s self-reported life ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - October 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Changes in Body Mass Index and Quality of Life —Population-Based Follow-up Study COURAGE and COURAGE-POLFUS, Poland
In conclusion, the study suggests an inverse U-shaped association between BMI and quality of life. Better QoL may be considered an additi onal benefit of public weight loss programs for healthy adults. Further studies focusing on people with some chronic diseases are needed. (Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Benefits of Belief: the Place of Spirituality and Religiosity in the CD-RISC
AbstractThe belief-as-benefit hypothesis holds that spirituality and religiosity strengthen resilience and increase personal well-being. This spiritually-based account of resilience informed the development of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), which includes a spiritual influences factor. In keeping with this general account it was hypothesized that measures of spirituality and religiosity will be positively correlated with scores on the 23 secular items of the CD-RISC (i.e., the 25 item CD-RISC minus the 2 items that define the spiritual influences factor). Participants (n = 338) were administe...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - September 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of Female Adolescents ’ Quality of Life Before, during and after Detention: a Four-Wave Follow-Up Study Examining a Theory of Individual Quality of Life
This study aimed to fill this void by examining a theory of individual QoL, focussing on determinants of detained girls ’ QoL over time. A four-wave follow-up study was conducted among 147 detained girls (Mage = 16.20). Participants rated their self-perceived QoL (i.e., physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment) before, during, and after detention. At baseline (i.e., shortly after admission), personal and environmental determinants of QoL were measured through self- report and file-information, including psychiatric disorders, reason for detention and trauma exposure. ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - September 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Pioneer in the Study of Affective Forecasting
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - September 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Rasch Analysis of the Families in Early Intervention Quality of Life (FEIQoL) Scale
AbstractFamily quality of life (FQoL) has become one of the main outcomes of services for people with disabilities and their families, especially in early intervention, which nowadays is all about families. In this article, we analyze and validate the psychometric properties of the FEIQoL scale with Spanish families in early intervention, through Rasch analysis. A total of 776 families of children 0 –6 completed the FEIQoL. To assess the Rasch model, we analyzed the item fit, reliability and separation, unidimensionality, response forms, and DIF analyses. The results indicated that the scores on the FEIQoL were relia...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Service-Learning for Youth Leadership
AbstractThe book title Service-Learning for Youth Leadership is edited by Shek, T. L., Ngai, G. and Chan, S. C. includes several important studies on service learning and youth leadership. The book includes several important studies on service learning and youth leadership. Firstly, service-learning is a dynamic foundation in the elevation of public engagement and leadership for youth in scholars via making them able to apply their skills and knowledge to deserving people in society. Even though service-learning has significant importance in the West, its progression in various Chinese societies is still at the beginning. ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Gender Gap in Globalization and Well-Being
AbstractLately, discontent with globalization has risen. Subjective well-being rather than objective indicators such as income, its distribution or sector of employment may be key to explaining the growth in anti-globalization sentiments. Though there is far from a consensus, some studies present evidence that it is in particular women, who do less well. Drawing on trade and subjective well-being data of approx. 60K individuals and 50 countries, we dissect how import penetration affects well-being at the margin. Doing so, a difference-in-difference analysis allows to disentangle gender differences on predicted probabilitie...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Deep-Level Religious Diversity and Work-Life Balance Satisfaction in Canada
AbstractThe present paper, using recent and nationally representative data from the Canadian General Social Surveys, is concerned with the association of religiosity with work-life balance satisfaction. The association of both private and public aspects of religiosity with work-life balance satisfaction is assessed. In addition, based on multiple questions on religion and spirituality, the sample is divided into six mutually exclusive categories of very religious, average religiosity, nominally affiliated, liminal, privately-spiritual, and strictly-secular. This typology, rooted in the recent religious scholarship, allows ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Innovative Multidisciplinary Healthcare Model in Student Mental Health: Experience in Hong Kong
AbstractAlthough studies showed that common mental disorders are prevalent amongst in the university students, non-stigmatizing mental health service tailor-made to university students is not often available within the health service setting in different parts of the world. In this paper, we review the current barriers for college students seeking help from student mental health service and discuss the pros and cons of different service models. It is argued that the traditional mode of addressing student mental health issues is grossly inadequate. Based on the review, the paper also shares the pilot experiences of theMenta...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Religion, Marriage and Happiness – Evidence from Taiwan
This study, using the Taiwan Social Change Survey for 2012 as the study sample, found that religion strongly matters in determining the linkage between marriage and happiness. More specifically, results strongly indicate that married people are happier among Christians, but such phenomenon is unobserved among people affiliated with other religions. Hence, the previous finding of no gap in happiness between married and non-married people can be attributed to unique religious demography in Taiwan, where Christians are minority (4.89% based on the 2012 Survey) and the majority of population are affiliated with religions that ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Book Review: The Quality of Life and Policy Issues among the Middle East and North African Countries
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Development and Application of a Short-Form Questionnaire for Assessing Spiritual, Religious and Personal Beliefs Related to Quality of Life (WHOQOL-SRPB-BREF) in Portugal
AbstractThe aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of a short-form instrument for assessing spiritual, religious and personal beliefs related to quality of life (WHOQOL-SRPB-BREF). The European Portuguese version of the WHOQOL-SRPB-BREF was completed by a heterogeneous sample of 606 participants (72.4% female), with a mean age of 46.88  years, and with no religious affiliation or distinct religions (71.3% Catholic). In addition to the WHOQOL-SRPB-BREF, participants completed the Portuguese versions of the Brief Religious Coping questionnaire (Brief RCOPE), and the ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Will Healthy Eating Make You Happier? A Research Synthesis Using an Online Findings Archive
AbstractHealthy eating adds to health and thereby contributes to a longer life, but will it also add to a happier life? Some people do not like healthy food, and since we spend a considerable amount of our life eating, healthy eating could make their life less enjoyable. Is there such atrade-off between healthy eating and happiness? Or instead atrade-on, healthy eating adding to happiness? Or do the positive and negative effects balance? If there is an effect of healthy eating on happiness, is that effect similar for everybody? If not, what kind of people profit from healthy eating happiness wise and what kind of people do...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Dual Model of Materialism: Success Versus Happiness Materialism on Present and Future Life Satisfaction
AbstractMaterialism can influence life satisfaction both positively and negatively. We build on the dual model of materialism (Sirgy et al.Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 349-366,2013) to make the case that two dimensions of materialism —success and happiness—may influence life satisfaction differently. Success materialism (wealth and material possessions is a sign of success in life) may influence life satisfaction positively, whereas happiness materialism (wealth and material consumption is a sign of happiness in life) may in fluence life satisfaction negatively. Success materialism contributes to life sa...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality Open Space Experiences for the Visually Impaired
This study further proposes 11 QOSE indictors suitable for the challenges, policy goals and strategies. The findings of this study can provide guidance for researchers, designers and policymakers as they consider how to achieve QOSE for visually impaired persons in high-density liv ing environments. (Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy on Symptom and Functioning Improvement in Patients with Bipolar Disorders
AbstractWe conducted a meta-analysis by analyzing randomized controlled trials (RCTs), to investigate whether interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) exerts improvement effects on patients with bipolar disorders. We searched for relevant articles in 8 databases, included PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycArticles, PsycInfo, Cochrane, and CEPS, without limitations on publication year and language. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) used IPSRT as an intervention, and patients with bipolar disorders were included. Two reviewers independently searched, screened the articles, and extracted the data. Treatment effect...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring How Mindfulness Links to Work Outcomes: Positive Affectivity and Work-Life Enrichment
AbstractAs evidence accumulates about the link between mindfulness and well-being, organizational scholars have begun to askhow andwhy mindfulness results in positive change among employees. Drawing on Conservation of Resources Theory and Work-Family Enrichment Theory, we explored the underlying mechanisms that may explain the relationship between mindfulness and work outcomes. Using a community-based sample of 117 employed adults, we found evidence for a serial multiple mediation model of positive affectivity and work-life enrichment in the relationship between mindfulness and work outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, emotio...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Capital and Individual Charitable Behaviours in China
This article makes a contribution to understanding the impact of social capital on Chinese individual charitable donation and volunteering behaviors. The sample for this study included Chinese individuals aged 18 and older who responded to survey questions about their participation in donation and volunteering activities within the past 12  months (N = 5075). The results from binary logistic regression reveal that bridging networks, civic engagement, organisational activism, and informal networks increase the possibility of charitable donation. Results also demonstrate that social trust, bridging network...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Influences of Prevention on the Quality of Life
AbstractThis research proposes the concept of “utility-adjusted life expectancy” (UALE), which adjusts the lifetime survival function with a more comprehensive utility measure that combines utilities from both consumption and health to investigate the influences of prevention intervention on a population’s well-being. We find that an econ omy with appropriate preventative healthcare provisions is associated with better human well-being and greater UALE in terms of utility-adjusted life years (UALYs). Based on Taiwan’s experiences, when the share of prevention spending to GDP increases from real 0.27...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Satisfaction with Life Declines with Age in Malaysia: an Exploratory Analysis of Factors Influencing Subjective Well-Being in a Developing/Middle-Income Country
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Investigating Grade and Gender Differences in Students ’ Attitudes toward Life and Well-Being
This study explored grade and gender differences of secondary school students ’ attitudes toward life and well-being, as well as relationships between these two variables in Taiwan. One thousand and seventy-seven students from seventh to twelfth grades were randomly selected to complete a questionnaire to measure their attitudes toward life and well-being. It was found that the seventh grade students had significantly higher scores on attitudes toward life and well-being than their counterparts. Compared with their male counterparts, female students had significantly higher attitudes toward life scores on the factors...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Income Levels, Governance and Inclusive Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
This study examines how income-driven governance affects inclusive human development in Sub-Saharan Africa with data for the period 2000 –2012. The empirical evidence is based on the Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) and Tobit regressions. Nine bundled and unbundled concepts of governance are used: political (voice& accountability and political stability/no violence), economic (government effectiveness and regulation quality) and institutional (corruption-control and the rule of law) governances. The main finding is that ‘middle income’-driven governance has a higher effect on inclusive human develo...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mihajlo D. Mesarovi ć: a Pioneer in Systems Research, the Environment, and Quality of Life
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Book Review. Advances in Well-Being
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Measuring Virtues in Chinese Culture: Development of a Chinese Moral Character Questionnaire
AbstractThis paper describes the development and validation of the Chinese Moral Character Questionnaire (CMCQ), an instrument that measures seven key moral character attributes highlighted in Confucian culture. The CMCQ was developed based on both expert review and focus group interviews with 39 Chinese university students in mainland China and Hong Kong. Its psychometric properties were examined with a sample of 565 university students in Hong Kong. Exploratory factor analysis retained 46 items and seven factors and the seven-factor structure was further validated by confirmatory factor analysis. We found that CMCQ subsc...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Transition out of Marriage and its Effects on Health and Health –Related Quality of Life among Females and Males. COURAGE and COURAGE-POLFUS–Population Based Follow-Up Study in Poland
AbstractThe study explores short-term effects of dissolution of union through divorce/separation and widowhood on physical and mental health as well as health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among females and males in Poland. Considering social selection and social causation theories, the study poses following research questions: are there differences in physical and mental health as well as health-related quality of life that are caused by a marital transition compared to remaining married/cohabiting? Do marital status transitions have different effects concerning physical and mental health and health-related quality of l...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sport for Pleasure, Fitness, Medals or Slenderness? Differential Effects of Sports Activities on Well-Being
AbstractBased on a theoretical framework informed by Self-Determination Theory, this paper argues that sports activities ’ impact on subjective well-being is moderated by the goals and motivations associated with the sport. Precisely, we hypothesize that intrinsic sport motivations like enjoyment, sociality, and relaxation, may enhance subjective well-being, whereas the well-being effect of sport is less pronounced or even negative when sport is functionalized for extrinsic goals, e.g. to control weight or to compete for medals. These hypotheses are tested with a large-scale sample of university students in Germany. ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is Mental Health a Predictor for a Smooth School-to-Work-Transition? A 20-Month Follow-Up Study of Brussels Youth
In conclusion, our results showed that there is an association between mental health when entering the labor market and the type o f school-to-work-transition. (Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Rural-Urban Divide and the Social Stratification in Leisure Participation in China: Application of Multiple Hierarchy Stratification Perspective
This study explores how the additive combined consequences of rural-urban status, gender, age and socioeconomic status influence leisure participation in the Chinese context. Drawing on multiple hierarchy stratification perspective, this study assumes that combinations of these unique variables will form a continuum of statuses from the lower end of the most disadvantaged leisure group to the higher end of the most advantaged leisure group. Using combined data from the trends seen in the 2012, 2013, and 2015 Chinese General Social Survey (N = 34,171), the findings show that rural-urban status, age, education,...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Capital, Happiness, and the Unmarried: a Multilevel Analysis of 32 European Countries
AbstractVast changes to the status of marriage in modern society have impacted the demographic makeup of many countries. Particularly in the Western world, a growing portion of the population comprises of singles that may be separated, divorced, widowed, or never married. Faced with this change, it is crucial for researchers and policymakers to understand the mechanisms behind the well-being of the unmarried. This paper explores the relationship between social capital and happiness for different types of marital groups. By performing a multilevel analysis on data from 32 countries, this research demonstrates not only that ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Spatial Patterns of Residential Fragmentation and Quality of Life in Nairobi City, Kenya
AbstractResidential fragmentation undermines integration by physically excluding some urban dwellers through walling, fencing and use of barriers limiting interactions. Research has shown that many cities in the Global South are experiencing spatial fragmentation issues associated with increasing inequalities, social exclusion and proliferation of gated communities. This results in distinct residential fragments with limited interactions and unequal quality of life (QoL) conditions of the residents of the fragments. The aim of this paper is to describe the association between residential fragmentation and QoL based on thre...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Income Inequality in the Great Recession did not Harm Subjective Health in Europe, 2003 –2012
AbstractA rich tradition of research has addressed income inequality and health, but the issue has achieved a fresh currency with the reversals of economic fortunes wrought by the Great Recession. This paper analyses the degree to which changing inequality induced by the Great Recession impacted Europeans ’ subjective health (self-rated health and satisfaction with health). To address this question, we analyse the multilevel European Quality of Life Survey conducted mainly in 2003, 2008, and 2012 which provides representative samples from 24 European countries at all three time points, as well as n ational-level data...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mediating Role of Community Participation between Physical Environments, Social Relationships, Social Conflicts, and Quality of Life: Evidence from South Korea
AbstractWhile Community participation has been considered as an essential determinant in enhancing the level of quality of life (QOL), few have systemically tested the mediating impact of community participation between physical Environments, social Relationships, social conflicts, and QOL. Using the 2015 Korean ’ Conflicts and Cooperation Survey, which is randomly sampled by gender, age, and regions, this research aims to analyzes the mediating effect of community participation between physical Environments, social Relationships, social conflicts, and QOL. The analysis results show that community partici pation play...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Learning for Youth Leadership: the Case of Hong Kong, Daniel T. L. Shek. Grace Ngai & amp; Stephen C. F. Chan, Service (Eds.), Springer: Singapore, 2019, ISBN: 978 –981–13-0447-7
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Role of Flourishing in Relationship between Positive and Negative Life Events and Affective Well-Being
AbstractIn past research differing effects of life events on well-being are observed. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between frequency and importance of positive and negative life events and affective well-being, and to explore the role of flourishing in moderating this relationship in the general population. The study comprised data from convenience sample of adult Internet users (N = 5031) who in on-line survey rated the positive and negative affect over the last month, level of flourishing, reported the occurrence of 28 positive and 28 negative life events and rated the importance o...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychological Frailty and Quality of Life of Community Dwelling Older People: a Qualitative Study
This study was designed to get more insight into older psychologically frail peoples ’ Quality of Life (QoL), lived experiences and personal strategies. Data of 121 community dwelling older people, were collected between November 2015 and March 2016, using a multi-actor and mixed-method approach. Of this sample, seven high psychological frail participants who experienced or expect ed an improvement of their QoL were selected. Psychological frailty was measured by the Comprehensive Frailty Assessment Instrument and QoL by using numeric rating scale. For the qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were conducted....
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trivago Flowlab – a Case Study on how to Improve Employees’ Well-Being in a Corporate Environment
This study outlines a company-run well-being program and an experiment to evaluate its effects. In a young, middle-sized company we ran a randomized controlled experiment with 253 employees (130 experimental group, 123 control group) participating in a six-week program ( “flowlab”). Both groups were surveyed through an app at four points in time about their subjective perception of metrics related to the program’s potential outcomes and related factors. Additionally, some participants in both groups provided hair samples to measure their stress based on their cortisol levels. The “flowlab” aim...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Transformation and Development of University Students through Service-Learning: a Corporate-Community-University Partnership Initiative in Hong Kong (Project WeCan )
In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a service-learning initiative that involved a corporate-community-university partnership (ProjectWeCan). In total, 138 university students (service providers) were included. We evaluated the project through three mechanisms. First, pretest and posttest data showed that students changed in the positive direction in terms of the intended learning outcomes in the civic engagement, cognitive and academic domains. Second, students showed positive changes in terms of psychosocial competencies and self-leadership. Finally, qualitative analyses of the reflective journals showed that...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Happiness, Wellbeing and Society. What Matters for Singaporeans by Siok Kuan Tambyah y Soo Jiuan Tan
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Quality of Work Life Scale: Validity Evidence from Brazil and Portugal
This study aims to assess the validity eviden ce of the Quality of Work Life Scale (QWLS) by examining the internal structure of the measure (i.e., dimensionality, reliability, and measurement invariance) and its relations with other variables such as burnout and work engagement. The measure was tested using a total sample of 1163 workers, 566 workers from Portugal, and 597 from Brazil. The data had a good fit to the QWLS second-order model and good reliability estimates for the two countries. Full-uniqueness measurement invariance was achieved for data for Portugal and Brazil and for gender too. The measure also demonstra...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - June 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Knit One, Play One: Comparing the Effects of Amateur Knitting and Amateur Music Participation on Happiness and Wellbeing
AbstractPrevious research suggests that engaging in creative and meaningful leisure activities enhances mental health, wellbeing and quality of life. However, studies often explore specific creative activities in isolation. We compared happiness and wellbeing in adults involved in knitting (835 amateur knitters) and musical activities (122 amateur musicians). Participants completed the Subjective Happiness Scale, the BBC Subjective Wellbeing scale, and open-ended questions about past and current engagement. Knitters scored significantly higher on happiness than musicians. No differences were found for subjective wellbeing....
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - May 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does Well-Being Vary with an Individual-Specific Weighting Scheme?
AbstractIn terms of a composite well-being indicator, literature remains inconclusive regarding the appropriate weighting scheme to apply. Although condemned as arbitrary, equal weights remain popular and are applied in several global indicators. This paper examines whether the well-being level is sensitive to the underlying weighting scheme by comparing equal weights to non-paternalistic weights. Using a representative sample of 1431 Dutch speaking Belgians, we present a well-being index based on five dimensions: health, income, education, family life, and social life. The non-paternalistic weighting scheme is derived by ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - May 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Life Satisfaction Sixty Years after World War II: the Lasting Impact of War Across Generations
In this study, we analyze how war experience influences life satisfaction sixty years after the Second World War with the help of individual survey-data from thirty-four countries (N = 25,618) from 2010. Drawing from related literatures exploring the long-term impact of traumatic experiences, we not only examine how such experiences influence individual levels of life satisfaction among those directly affected by the war, but also its impact on their descendants’ level of life satisfaction. Our findings indicate that war experiences continue to be related to lower levels of life satisfaction even six de...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Quality of Life Perception Gap in Prison Health Care Settings: Rater Disparities among Incarcerated Patients and Peer Caregivers
AbstractPeer caregivers are specially-trained incarcerated persons who support the needs of patients in correctional health care settings. Their role is of particular importance in light of the growing population of older adult prisoners with complex health problems in U.S. prisons. The purpose of the current study was to examine the disparity between patient and peer caregiver ratings of patient quality of life (QoL) in a sample of correctional health dyads (n = 52) in a state prison system. The current study also aimed to identify which patient and caregiver characteristics were most closely associated with...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - May 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Examining the Factor Structure of the Revised Sense of Purpose Scale (SOPS-2) with Adults
AbstractBased on the multidimensional conceptualization of purpose, the sense of purpose scale is designed to measure three distinct constructs: awareness of purpose, altruistic purpose, and awakening to purpose. Building on previous work, the present study examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the revised sense of purpose scale (SOPS-2) and examined its associations with wellbeing among adults in three independent studies (N = 1209). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the factor structure and tests of measurement invariance were conducted across occupation (adult students ...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - May 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bruno Zumbo: a Pioneer in the Psychometrics of Quality of Life
(Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - May 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring Wellbeing in Youth with Vision Impairment: Insights for Vision Rehabilitation
This article explores the discussions of 21 young Australians (aged 12 –25) with vision impairment regarding their lived experiences and what it meant for them to be well. It follows calls for the development of the theoretical underpinnings for vision rehabilitation services. The youth participated in interviews or focus groups and collected complementary soundscape s and reflections during a participatory audio-recording task. Participants identified multiple valuable elements of their life contributing to the positive quality of their experiences: for example, success in their pursuits; caring, like-minded and joc...
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - April 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding Leisure Trip Experience and Subjective Well-Being: an Illustration of Creative Travel Experience
This study also confirms that psychological needs satisfaction acts as an important antecedent of behavioral intention to revisit creative tourist attractions. (Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life)
Source: Applied Research in Quality of Life - April 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research