Catastrophic thoracolumbar spinal massive hematoma triggered by intraspinal anesthesia puncture: A CARE-compliant case report

Rationale: Intraspinal anesthesia, the most common anesthesia type of orthopedic operation, is regarded as safe and simple. Despite of the rare incidence, puncture related complication of intraspinal anesthesia is catastrophic for spinal cord. Here we present an intradural hematoma case triggered by improper anesthesia puncture. The principal reason of this tragedy was rooted in the neglect of spine deformities diagnosis before anesthesia. To the best of our knowledge, there is no specific case report focusing on the intradural hematoma triggered by improper anesthesia puncture. Patient concerns: Hereby a case of thoracolumbar spinal massive hematoma triggered by intraspinal anesthesia puncture was reported. The presenting complaint of the patient was little neurologic function improvement after surgery at 6-month follow-up. Diagnoses: Emergency MRI demonstrated that massive spindle-like intradural T2-weighted image hypointense signal masses from T12 to S2 badly compressed the dural sac ventrally, and his conus medullaris was at L3/4 intervertebral level with absence of L5 vertebral lamina. Hereby, the diagnoses were congenital spinal bifida, tethered cord syndrome, spine intradural hematoma, and paraplegia. Interventions: Urgent surgical interventions including laminectomy, spinal canal exploration hematoma removal, and pedicle fixation were performed. The patient received both medication (mannitol, mecobalamin, and steroids) and rehabilitation (neuromuscular elec...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

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