Exploring the link between emotional child abuse and anorexia nervosa: a psychopathological correlation - Rai T, Mainali P, Raza A, Rashid J, Rutkofsky I.

Eating disorders (ED) are well known psychiatric disorders associated with dysregulated eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions. Common eating disorders are bulimia nervosa (BN), anorexia nervosa (AN), and binge eating disorders (BED). There is ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Purpose of review Eating disorders are associated with numerous medical complications. The aim of this study was to review recent progress in improving the medical management of patients with eating disorders. Recent findings With close medical monitoring and electrolyte supplementation, accelerated refeeding protocols improve weight restoration without increasing the risk of refeeding syndrome. Olanzapine improves weight restoration better than placebo, without leading to adverse metabolic effects seen in individuals not in starvation. Alterations of the gut microbiome in anorexia nervosa have been demonstrated, but ...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: EATING DISORDERS: Edited by Hans W. Hoek and Anna Keski-Rahkonen Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the recent literature on eating disorders, disordered eating behaviors (DEB), and body image dissatisfaction among sexual and gender minority populations, including, but not limited to, gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people. Recent findings Overall, eating disorders, DEB, and body dissatisfaction are common among sexual and gender minority populations. Lifetime prevalence for anorexia nervosa (1.7%), bulimia nervosa (1.3%), and binge-eating disorder (2.2%) diagnoses are higher among sexual minority adults compared with cisgender heterosexual adults in the United States. Lifetime pr...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: EATING DISORDERS: Edited by Hans W. Hoek and Anna Keski-Rahkonen Source Type: research
Objective Amenorrhea is a disabling medical consequence of anorexia nervosa (AN); therefore, resumption of menses (ROM) represents an important goal in the treatment for these patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate possible clinical, psychopathological, and biological predictors of ROM, including age, body mass index (BMI), AN subtype, childhood abuse, duration of illness, general and eating disorder (ED)–specific psychopathology, and sex hormones. Methods Fifty amenorrheic patients with AN were enrolled. Baseline clinical data and information on childhood abuse were collected. Questionnaires to ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To grade the evidence about risk factors for eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder) with an umbrella review approach. METHODS: This was a systematic review of observational studies on risk factors for eating disorders published in PubMed/PsycInfo/Embase until December 11th, 2019. We recalculated random-effect meta-analyses, heterogeneity, small-study effect, excess significance bias and 95% prediction intervals, grading significant evidence (p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the association between endurance (length of ED) and severity (previous treatments, hospitalizations, medical complications, symptomatology and clinical impairment) in individuals with EDs from Chile. In addition, it aimed to explore the association between endurance and delays seeking specialized treatment.MethodsForty-one women with EDs (16 with anorexia nervosa, 11 with bulimia nervosa, 10 with binge eating disorder and 4 with other specified EDs) completed a social-demographic survey, the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire, and the Clinical Impairment Assessment. Also, Body Mass Ind...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Results suggest decreased mean R wave amplitude is a promising cardiac biomarker of disordered eating. PMID: 32916550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating Behaviors - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research
FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 -- Eating disorders -- such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia and binge-eating disorder -- cost the U.S. economy nearly $65 billion in one recent year, a new report shows. About 75% of that ($48.6 billion) was due to lost...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
In this study, participants with the highest level of food insecurity experienced: higher levels of binge eating (uncontrollable eating) a higher likelihood of having any type of eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia dietary restraint for any reason, for example, avoiding a food group, such as carbohydrates, or types of foods, such as desserts weight self-stigma, assessed through responses to a questionnaire that measured self-devaluation and fear of experiencing stigma (sample statement: “I would never have any problems with weight if I were stronger”) high levels of worry, also measured through respon...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Coronavirus and COVID-19 Health Health care disparities Nutrition Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: There was little evidence of an association between CRP and IL-6 and adolescent eating disorder outcomes. The inverse association observed between CRP and binge eating was unexpected, so caution is needed when interpreting it. One possible explanation is that higher CRP levels could have a protective role for disordered eating by affecting appetitive traits. PMID: 32755646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research
ConclusionWe discuss here the possible mechanisms underlying this recovery, including changes in gut-derived factors that could mediate eating behavior changes.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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