Intrarenal resistive index conundrum: systemic atherosclerosis versus renal arteriolosclerosis.

Intrarenal resistive index conundrum: systemic atherosclerosis versus renal arteriolosclerosis. Ren Fail. 2019 Nov;41(1):930-936 Authors: Ștefan G, Florescu C, Sabo AA, Stancu S, Mircescu G Abstract Background: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between biopsy-proven kidney lesions, subclinical markers of atherosclerosis and intrarenal resistive index (RRI) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Methods: This cross-sectional, single-center study prospectively enrolled 44 consecutive CKD patients (57% male gender, 54.1 (95%CI, 49.7-58.6) years, median eGFR 28.1 (15.0-47.7) mL/min) diagnosed by renal biopsy during 6 months in our clinic. RRI, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), Kauppila score for abdominal aortic calcification (AACs) were assessed. Traditional and nontraditional atheroscleosis risk factors were also evaluated. Results: Most of the patients had a diagnosis of glomerular nephropathy, with IgA nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy being the most frequent. RRI increased proportionally with CKD stages. Patients with RRI>0.7 (39%) were older, had diabetic and vascular nephropathies more frequently, higher mean arterial blood pressure, increased systemic atherosclerosis burden (IMT and AACs), higher percentage of global glomerulosclerois, GBM thickness, arteriolosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy. RRI directly correlated with age (rs = 0.55, p 
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

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PPARγ and Its Agonists in Chronic Kidney Disease. Int J Nephrol. 2020;2020:2917474 Authors: Ma Y, Shi M, Wang Y, Liu J Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a global healthcare issue. CKD can progress to irreversible end-stage renal diseases (ESRD) or renal failure. The major risk factors for CKD include obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Understanding the key process involved in the disease development may lead to novel interventive strategies, which is currently lagging behind. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is one of the ligand-activate...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundIntestinal dysbiosis contributes to the progression of renal failure and cardiovascular diseases in patients with chronic kidney disease. Probiotics is a promising intervention to improving intestinal dysbiosis. A double-blind clinical trial to investigate the ability of probiotics to modulate gut microbiota compositions in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) was undertaken.MethodsFifty HD patients were enrolled and randomized, receiving either probiotics or placebo for 6  months. The responses to the interventions on gut microbiome, serum and fecal metabolome, serum albumin and endotoxin, endotheli...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe main objective in this 2nd part is to highlight comorbidities of great clinical importance such as diabetes, anemia, and chronic renal failure, either because of their high prevalence, or because of their relevance to impact on morbidity and mortality, and directly in the treatment of heart failure.Recent FindingsThe prevalence of heart failure will increase 46% from 2012 to 2030, resulting in>  8 million people ≥ 18 years of age. This disease have a large burden of noncardiovascular comorbidities, which may increase the risk of mortality and decrease quality of life. T...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Heather L. Clark, Hugo E. Valencia, Jennifer J. Findeis-Hosey, Steve N. GeorasAbstractAspergillus molds are ubiquitous environmental molds that can cause devastating invasive infections in immunocompromised patients. These infections often go unrecognized in critically ill patients. This case describes a 68 year-old female resident of a long-term nursing facility with history of dementia, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with cirrhosis, chronic kidney disease stage III and insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes who presented with vomiting, diarrhea and...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
SUMMARY Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an important public health problem, with a significant impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and an important risk factor for chronic kidney disease. Various hypoglycemic therapies have proved to be beneficial to clinical outcomes, while others have failed to provide an improvement in cardiovascular and renal failure, only reducing blood glucose levels. Recently, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, represented by the empagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and canagliflozin, have been showing satisfactory and strong results in several clinical trials, especially regarding...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Rationale: Peripheral arterial diseases (PADs) is defined as a systemic arterial disorders involving the lower extremity arteries, iliac, and carotid, which is developed more common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than individual with normal renal function. Concurrence of mesenteric artery disease and lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) is rare. The presence of PADs in patients receiving hemodialysis leads to a dramatic increase in risk of cardiovascular mortality. However, the early diagnosis of PADs in patient with CKD remains a challenge to nephrologists, which adds an adverse effect on prognosis. Pat...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
2017 ended as a banner year for my family, but things didn’t look great at the start. A death sentence met us in a boxing ring, and we had to school ourselves on fighting to live. I never thought much about the 37 million American adults who suffer from kidney disease until my husband Neil became one of them. Celebrating our first year of marriage in 2001, we learned by accident through an unrelated medical exam that my husband has polycystic kidney disease, an illness which causes the kidneys to fill with cysts over time, rendering the organs unable to function properly. There is no cure. There was nothing to do but...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized health Healthcare medicine public health Source Type: news
Abstract Ten percent of the world's population is affected by chronic kidney disease that can lead to kidney failure. In France, nearly three million people are concerned, half of whom are undiagnosed, 85,000 people are on dialysis or waiting for a kidney transplant. Each year, 11,000 new diagnoses of severe renal failure are made, one third of which had not been treated before. Kidney failure is constantly increasing due to the aging of the population and the resurgence of chronic diseases, including obesity and cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes, two conditions that impair...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) are characterized by cell damage caused by inflammatory and metabolic mechanisms induced by alteration in reduction-oxidative status. Serum advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are new markers of protein damage induced by oxidative stress. We evaluated serum levels of AOPP in a cohort of patients with DM and HT, with or without renal complications, compared with a control healthy population. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 62 patients with type 2 DM and 56 with HT. The 62 patients affected by DM were further ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Diabetics with CKD stage ≥4 (as defined by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria) constitute a high-risk group for developing AKI after TAVI. In this high-risk subgroup, baseline creatinine in combination with amount of contrast agent used were strong risk factors for developing AKI. AKI in non-diabetics was less predictable by baseline characteristics. PMID: 31567117 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
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