5.1 prenatal mindfulness interventions that improve maternal mental health can also improve infant stress physiology and behavioral regulation in a low-income, multi-ethnic, high-stress sample

Parental mental health plays a key role in child well-being and may promote resilience in the context of child medical illness. This talk will describe how a mindfulness-based stress-reduction intervention during pregnancy was associated with decreases in maternal perceived stress and symptoms of depression, with effects maintained postpartum. This presentation also will describe how the intervention appears to relate to variations in offspring stress physiology and behavioral regulation via prenatal programming effects of the reductions in maternal distress.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical Perspectives 5 Source Type: research

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The perinatal period presents a high-risk time for development of mood disorders. Australia-wide universal perinatal care, including depression screening, make this stage amenable to population-level preventat...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conditions:   Premature Birth;   Pregnancy Preterm;   Prenatal Stress;   Depression, Anxiety;   Depression, Postpartum;   Satisfaction, Patient;   Health Problems in Pregnancy Interventions:   Other: Glow! Group Prenatal Care;   Other: Individual Prenatal Care with CPSP Sponsors:   University of California, San Francisco;   Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute;   California State University, Fresno Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): Jingwen Lang, Bingqian Zhang, Yueru Meng, Yanzhi Du, Linlin Cui, Weiping LiAbstractResearch questionAre maternal depression and/or anxiety disorders (MDAD) before and during pregnancy associated with IVF outcomes?DesignA total of 5661 women starting their first IVF cycle between 15 August 2014 and 31 December 2015 were pooled from a prospective cohort of IVF-conceived children. The self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) were used to determine MDAD. IVF outcomes were compared between MDAD+ an...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe present results demonstrated a negative association between maternal neurological or psychiatric disease and pregnancy outcome in the examined parameters. However, the non-pharmacologically treated maternal disease was identified as a risk factor itself.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Eric Achtyes, Sarah A. Keaton, LeAnn Smart, Amanda R. Burmeister, Patrick L. Heilman, Stanislaw Krzyzanowski, Madhavi Nagalla, Gilles J. Guillemin, Martha L. Escobar Galvis, Chai K. Lim, Maria Muzik, Teodor Postolache, Richard Leach, Lena BrundinAbstractDepression during pregnancy and the post-partum is common, with severe cases resulting in suicidal behavior. Despite the urgent and unmet medical need, the biological underpinnings of peri-partum depression remain unclear. It has been suggested that it is triggered by dynamic c...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractExposure to gestational stress is implicated in increased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in offspring. We assessed association between prenatal exposure to a 1-month period of repeated rocket attacks during the 2006 Second Lebanon War in Northern Israel and emergence of childhood neuropsychiatric disorders from birth through 9  years of age. Children born to women who were pregnant during the war (N = 6999) were identified and compared to children in the same district born a year later (N = 7054), whose mothers were not exposed to rocket attacks during pregnancy. Multivariable ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Depression during pregnancy and the post-partum is common, with severe cases resulting in suicidal behavior. Despite the urgent and unmet medical need, the biological underpinnings of peri-partum depression remain unclear. It has been suggested that it is triggered by dynamic changes of the immune system during pregnancy and at delivery. Therefore, we investigated whether a pro-inflammatory status in plasma, together with changes in the kynurenine pathway activity, is associated with the development of severe depression and suicidal behavior in the post-partum. Our cross-sectional study targets a unique, ...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research
Discussion Pilot testing of the MLI indicated that it was well accepted from the participants and feasible as a culturally tailored behavioral therapy administered in a group setting by nurse practitioners. Our initial pilot results also suggest preliminary efficacy as indicated by moderate to large Cohen's d effect sizes for depression and anxiety.
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research
ConclusionsOverall, our brief acceptance-based therapy was feasible and an acceptable intervention to implement in a medical setting. Findings suggest preliminary evidence that our brief intervention was associated with symptom improvements or maintenance of non-clinical levels in women hospitalized for high-risk pregnancies.
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 October 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): T.S. Souto, F.S.N. Nakao, C.A. Giriko, C.T. dias, A.I.P Cheberle, R.H. lambertucci, C. Mendes-da-SilvaAbstractHigh-fat diets (HFDs) during pregnancy may damage the neural development and emotional behavior of rat offspring. Therefore, we investigated the neurobehavioral development of rat offspring who were fed a control diet (CD) or an HFD with lard (HFD-lard) or canola oil (HFD-canola oil), during pregnancy. Offspring's neurodevelopment (somatic growth, physical maturation, and ontogenesis reflex) was assessed while they were suc...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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