Booster responses by oral vaccination with transgenic plants against chicken leucocytozoonosis.

This study demonstrates the use of a plant-based oral vaccine to boost immunity against a protozoan disease. PMID: 23607580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: We have previously developed a recombinant avian avulavirus serotype 10 (rAAvV-10/HA) expressing the hemagglutinin (HA) gene of a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) as an emergency vaccine for poultry. rAAvV-10/HA can overcome the activity of the anti-AAvV-1 (Newcastle disease virus) antibody acquired by commercial chickens upon routine vaccination. Most chickens do not have the anti-AAvV-10 antibody, which could interfere with the vaccine efficacy. However, the vaccine efficacy of rAAvV-10/HA is not satisfactory in chickens even though it affords protection against an HPAIV chall...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractDespite the fact that vaccine resistance has been typically considered a rare phenomenon, some episodes of vaccine failure have been reported with increasing frequency in intensively-raised livestock. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a widespread avian coronavirus, whose control relies mainly on extensive vaccine administration. Unfortunately, the continuous emergence of new vaccine-immunity escaping variants prompts the development of new vaccines. In the present work, a molecular epidemiology study was performed to evaluate the potential role of homologous vaccination in driving IBV evolution. This was undert...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study reports the molecular characterisation of a GaHV-2 strain detected in a flock of Italian meat-type turkeys exhibiting visceral lymphomas. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the meq gene revealed that the turkey GaHV-2 has molecular features of high virulence and genetic similarity with GaHV-2 strains recently detected in Italian commercial and backyard chickens. GaHV-2 is ubiquitous among chickens despite the vaccination, and chicken-to-turkey transmission is hypothesised due to the presence of broilers in neighbouring pens.Research highlights A GaHV-2 strain from Italian turkeys was molecularly characteris...
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study provides the evidence for a ubiquitous distribution of ARV infection in Egypt as well as represents a starting point for genetic characterization of the currently circulating ARV strains.
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
tego J, Calvo-Pinilla E Abstract African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is an insect-borne pathogen that causes acute disease in horses and other equids. In an effort to improve the safety of currently available vaccines and to acquire new knowledge about the determinants of AHSV immunogenicity, new generation vaccines are being developed. In this work we have generated and tested a novel immunization approach comprised of nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) of AHSV serotype 4 (AHSV-4) incorporated into avian reovirus muNS protein microspheres (MS-NS1) and/or expressed using recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara vecto...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) viruses have raised global concerns of a possible human pandemic, spurring efforts towards H5N1 influenza vaccine development and improvements in vaccine administration methods. We previously showed that a prime-boost vaccination strategy induces robust and broadly cross-reactive antibody responses against the hemagglutinin globular head domain. Here, we specifically measure antibodies against the conserved hemagglutinin stem region in serum samples obtained from the prior study to determine whether stalk-reactive antibodies ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
This study provides a strategy for the efficient production of IBDV vaccines and could potentially be utilized to improve the production of other viral vaccines and biologics.
Source: Journal of Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
This study reports virological and epidemiological data accumulated through passive surveillance conducted during 1,825 herd visits from 2011 to 2018. Among them, 887 (48.6%) tested swIAV-positive. The proportion of positive cases remained stable year-on-year and year-round. The European avian-like swine H1N1 (H1avN1) virus was the most frequently identified (69.6%), and was widespread across the country. The European human-like reassortant swine H1N2 (H1huN2) virus accounted for 22.1% and was only identified in the north-western quarter and recently in the far north. The 2009 pandemic H1N1 (H1N1pdm) virus (3.6%) was detec...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, its safety and immunization efficacy were evaluated. Its lentogenic characteristic was stable for 25 generations in embryonated chicken eggs and for six generations in SPF chickens. Overdosed administration did not cause any clinical signs or pathogenic changes in chickens. As to its immunization effect, rmNA-1 stimulated a comparable serum NDV specific antibody level to a LaSota (genotype II) strain based commercial vaccine, and provided full protection against virulent genotype VII strain challenge, with significantly reduced virus shedding period.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract The occurrence of severe outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Korea led to establishment of a national antigen bank for emergency preparedness. Here, we developed five vaccines for this bank (clade 2.3.2.1C, clade 2.3.4.4A, B, C, and D) by reverse genetics, inactivated them with formalin, and evaluated the protective efficacy and potency of serial dilutions against lethal homologous challenge in specific-pathogen-free chickens. After vaccination with one dose, each vaccine resulted in 100% survival, with no clinical symptoms, or lack of detectable virus shedding, and high levels of pre-challe...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
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