Impaired Recent Verbal Memory in Pornography-Addicted Juvenile Subjects.

Impaired Recent Verbal Memory in Pornography-Addicted Juvenile Subjects. Neurol Res Int. 2019;2019:2351638 Authors: Prawiroharjo P, Ellydar H, Pratama P, Edison RE, Suaidy SEI, Amani NZ, Carissima D Abstract We aimed to find the differences in memory capabilities between pornography-addicted and nonaddicted juveniles. We enrolled 30 juveniles (12-16 y) consisting of 15 pornography addiction and 15 nonaddiction subjects. We used Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) to measure verbal memory, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT) for visual memory, along with Trail Making Test A and B (TMT-A and TMT-B) for attention. We found a significant reduction in the RAVLT A6 result of the addiction group (nonaddiction vs addiction: 13.47 ± 2.00 vs 11.67 ± 2.44, MD = -1.80, p=0.04), but not in ROCFT or attention tests. Analysis in sex subgroups yielded no sex-specific difference. We concluded that pornography addiction may be associated with impaired recent verbal memory in juveniles, regardless of sex and without association to attention. PMID: 31531240 [PubMed]
Source: Neurology Research International - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Int Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Tanya CalveyAbstractHumans are more vulnerable to addiction in comparison to all other mammals, including nonhuman primates, yet there is a lack of research addressing this. This paper reviews the field of comparative addiction neuroscience, highlighting the significant inter-species variation in the mesocortical dopaminergic and other neuromodulatory systems involved in addiction. Artificial selection gives rise to significant changes in neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and behaviour as shown in certain rodent strains and other domesticated anim...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jack E. Henningfield, Oliver Grundmann, Jane K. Babin, Reginald V. Fant, Daniel W. Wang, Edward J. ConeAbstractKratom use appears to be increasing across the United States, increasing attention to deaths in which kratom use was detected. Most such deaths have been ascribed to fentanyl, heroin, benzodiazepines, prescription opioids, cocaine and other causes (e.g., homicide, suicide and various preexisting diseases). Because kratom has certain opioid-like effects (e.g., pain relief), and is used by some people as a substitute for opioids ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
.
Source: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Overall, understanding how glutamate transporter impacts central nervous system may provide a new insight for treatment of drug addiction.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 3808: Synthesis of Novel Nicotinic Ligands with Multimodal Action: Targeting Acetylcholine α4β2, Dopamine and Serotonin Transporters Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules24203808 Authors: Juan Pablo González-Gutiérrez Hernán Armando Pessoa-Mahana Patricio Ernesto Iturriaga-Vásquez Miguel Iván Reyes-Parada Nicolas Esteban Guerra-Díaz Martin Hodar-Salazar Franco Viscarra Pablo Paillali Gabriel Núñez-Vivanco Marcos Antonio Lorca-Carvajal Jaime Mella-Raipán María Carolina Zúñiga Nico...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewOlder adults currently represent the fastest growing demographic of cannabis users, yet few studies have investigated the effects of cannabis use on cognitive functioning in aging. We conducted a systematic review of the recent literature examining cognitive outcomes associated with cannabis use in older adults, with and without neurocognitive disorders, to clarify the potential neuroprotective benefits or risks of cognitive decline in this population.Recent FindingsWe identified 26 studies examining cognitive outcomes associated with medical and recreational use of cannabis in healthy aging, demen...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Orexins [orexin-A (OXA) and orexin-B (OXB)] are two isoforms of neuropeptides produced by the hypothalamus. The main biological actions of orexins, focused on the central nervous system, are to control the sleep/wake process, appetite and feeding, energy homeostasis, drug addiction, and cognitive processes. These effects are mediated by two G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) subtypes named OX1R and OX2R. In accordance with the synergic and dynamic relationship between the nervous and immune systems, orexins also have neuroprotective and immuno-regulatory (i.e., anti-inflammatory) properties. The present review gathers recen...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to develop and validate the Internalization of Sociocultural Body Ideals Scale (ISBIS), a psychometric instrument that utilizes items from various versions of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ). The ISBIS was developed to overcome some of the limitations found in existing instruments (including the SATAQ) that assess the internalization of sociocultural body ideals. The sample comprised 1130 students aged between 10 and 14 years. The psychometric properties of the ISBIS were examined using different analyses. The results supported the eight-item struc...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Eliana Vassena, Filip Van Opstal, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom VergutsAbstractThe ability to exert control has been widely investigated as a hallmark of adaptive behaviour. Dopamine is recognized as the key neuromodulator mediating various control-related processes. The neural mechanisms underlying the subjective perception of being in control, or Locus of Control (LOC) are however less clear. LOC indicates the subjective tendency to attribute environmental outcomes to one's actions (internal LOC) or instead to external ...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Arezoomandan R, Aliaghaei A, Khodagholi F, Haghparast A Abstract Glial glutamate transporters (GLT-1) is responsible for glutamate homeostasis. GLT-1 expression and glutamate uptake can be affected by addictive drugs and can be used as a target in addiction pharmacotherapy. It has been shown that minocycline, an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties, can upregulate the expression of GLT-1. In the present study, in morphine-dependent rats, the effect of minocycline on expression of GLT-1 in nucleus accumbens was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The expression of GLT-1 signif...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
More News: Addiction | Brain | Learning | Neurology | Universities & Medical Training