Changes of Serum IgG Dimer Levels after Treatment with IVIg in Guillain-Barr é Syndrome

AbstractIntravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) are standard treatment for Guillain-Barr é syndrome (GBS). Their exact mechanisms of action are versatile and not fully understood. One possible mechanism is neutralization of circulating autoantibodies via binding to anti- idiotypic antibodies forming idiotype-anti-idiotype dimeric IgG immune complexes. To examine the role of immune comp lex formation as mechanism of action for IVIg in GBS, 34 C57Bl/6 mice were either treated with anti-ganglioside antibodies and IVIg or IVIg and PBS alone, whereas eight additional mice were treated either with anti-ganglioside autoantibodies and IVIg or anti-ganglioside autoantibodies alone. Subsequ ently IgG dimer formation was assessed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, IgG dimer formation was measured in sera of eight GBS patients who were treated with IVIg. In mice, a significant increase of dimeric IgG after adminis tration of anti-ganglioside antibodies and IVIg could be observed. Re-monomerized IgG dimers showed immunoreactivity against gangliosides and serum immunoreactivity was significantly reduced after IVIg infusion. Likewise also in GBS patients, IgG dimer formation could be detected after IVIg treatmen t. Our data indicate that dimeric IgG immune complexes contain anti-idiotypic antibodies and provide proof of concept that IVIg treatment in GBS results in measurable amounts of IgG dimers. Larger patient c...
Source: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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