IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3259: Cold Weather Conditions and Risk of Hypothermia Among People Experiencing Homelessness: Implications for Prevention Strategies

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3259: Cold Weather Conditions and Risk of Hypothermia Among People Experiencing Homelessness: Implications for Prevention Strategies International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16183259 Authors: Paige Zhang Kathryn Wiens Ri Wang Linh Luong Donna Ansara Stephanie Gower Kate Bassil Stephen W. Hwang Hypothermia is a preventable condition that disproportionately affects individuals who experience homelessness, yet limited data exist to inform the response to cold weather. To fill this gap, we examined the association between meteorological conditions and the risk of hypothermia among homeless individuals. Hypothermic events were identified from emergency department charts and coroner’s records between 2004 and 2015 in Toronto, Canada. A time-stratified case-crossover design with conditional logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between the meteorological conditions (minimum temperature and precipitation) and the risk of hypothermia. There were 97 hypothermic events identified: 79 injuries and 18 deaths. The odds of experiencing a hypothermic event increased 1.64-fold (95% CI: 1.30–2.07) with every 5 °C decrease in the minimum daily temperature and 1.10-fold (95% CI: 1.03–1.17) with every 1 mm increase in precipitation. The risk of hypothermia among individuals experiencing homelessness increased with declining temperature; however, most cas...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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More patients in arrest with nonshockable rhythms survived with favorable neurologic outcomes if they received moderate therapeutic hypothermia rather than targeted normothermia in a randomized trial.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
(Natural News) Hypothermia is a deadly condition that develops in cold temperatures. Preppers must know how to prevent it from happening in the first place – and how to treat it. When a person’s core body temperature drops below 95 F (35 C), he undergoes hypothermia. Dehydration and starvation increase the risk of the condition....
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusions: Phosphorylated hexa-acyl disaccharides significantly augment resistance against clinically relevant Gram-negative and Gram-positive infections via enhanced leukocyte recruitment, phagocytosis, and respiratory burst functions of innate leukocytes. Improved antimicrobial protection persists for up to 10 days and is partially mediated through toll-like receptor 4.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2019Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart AssociationAuthor(s): Jayavelan Ramkumar, Girish Gopinathan, Karthick Kavin, Ramkumar Shanmugasundaram, George Miller Stephen, Annie Caroline Pragasam, Periyasamy ThangavelAbstractAims and objectiveThe primary objective was to study the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) perfusion temperature on renal function parameters (Serum creatinine, Creatinine clearance, Urine Albumin, Urine Protein and Urine Albumin Creatinine Ratio).The secondary objective was to detect renal complications of CPB.Materials and MethodsIt is a prospective longit...
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Martins RM, Teodoro JS, Furtado E, Oliveira RC, Tralhão JG, Rolo AP, Palmeira CM Abstract The organ preservation paradigm has changed following the development of new ways to preserve organs. The use of machine perfusion to preserve organs appears to have several advantages compared with conventional static cold storage. For liver transplants, the temperature control provided by machine perfusion improves organ preservation. In this experimental study, we measured the effects of different temperatures on mitochondrial bioenergetics during the reperfusion phase. An experimental model of ex-vivo liver...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
We report the anaesthetic management of left thoracoscopic sympathectomy in a 5-year-old child with LQTS and epicardial pacemaker in situ. It is very challenging to isolate the lung on one hand and prevent the predisposition to torsadogenic potential on the other.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
BACKGROUND In our outpatient post anaesthesia unit patients reported that they were feeling cold with or without shivering. Anaesthetic agents cause reduced thermoregulation, initially by redistribution of blood flow from core to periphery, later by negative balance between thermogenesis and heat loss. Even mild peri-operative hypothermia increases the risk of surgical wound infections, bleeding, impaired cardiac function, shivering, and decreases comfort. OBJECTIVE(S) We aimed to evaluate which of our current active warming measures, self-warming blanket or forced-air-warming blanket, were most effective in preventin...
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Work environment Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe ET-1 system is activated, while inducible NOS is inhibited in brain tissue during MH after resuscitation.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal Medicine Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Biotechnology Progress - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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