Canagliflozin Improves Erythropoiesis in Diabetes Patients with Anemia of Chronic Kidney Disease

Diabetes Technology&Therapeutics, Ahead of Print.
Source: Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research

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Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors, also known as HIF stabilizers, increase endogenous erythropoietin production and serve as novel therapeutic agents against anemia in chronic kidney disease. HIF induces the expression of various genes related to energy metabolism as an adaptive response to hypoxia. However, it remains obscure how the metabolic reprogramming in renal tissue by HIF stabilization affects the pathophysiology of kidney diseases. Previous studies suggest that systemic metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia cause alterations of renal metabolism, leading to renal dys...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Non-cardiac comorbidities are nearly universal in three groups but obviously differ by age, and inappropriate medications are very common in elderly patients with HF. Further treatment strategies should be focused on providing optimal medications for age-specific non-cardiac conditions. PMID: 31809320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Severe uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism and kidney transplantation history are both risk factors for fractures in hemodialyzed patients. Moreover, patients who return to dialysis after transplant failure have more severe infections/anemia and higher mortality risk than transplant-naive patients starting dialysis with native kidneys. In this context, our aim was to test the hypothesis that transplant failure patients have more secondary hyperparathyroidism than transplant-naive patients. METHODS: We retrospectively compared 29 transplant failure patients to 58 transpl...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
In conclusion, common chronic non-communicable diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, hyperhomocysteinemia, hyperuricemia, and hypertriglyceridemia, were associated with greater prevalence of CKD.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study enrolled consecutive 615 hospitalized patients with heart failure. We investigated the associations between circulating acetoacetate and clinical characteristics or prognosis in HF patients.ResultsWe divided the patients into two groups based on circulating acetoacetate levels (high group: acetoacetate ≥35 µmoL/L, n = 313; and low group: acetoacetate
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors among CKD patients at the University of Gondar hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1, to September 30, 2018. Consecutive sampling was used to recruit 251 study subjects. Patients were interviewed to obtain demographic data, and the patients' medical records were reviewed to obtain information on relevant medical history and laboratory parameters. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research
Heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) co-exist, and it is estimated that about 50% of HF patients suffer from CKD. Although studies have been performed on the association between CKD and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), less is known about the link between CKD and HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Approximately 50% of all patients with HF suffer from HFpEF, and this percentage is projected to rise in the coming years. Therapies for HFrEF are long established and considered quite successful. In contrast, clinical trials for treatment of HFpEF have all shown negative or disputable results. ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundNondipping heart rate (NHR) is a condition reported to be associated with cardiovascular events and cardiovascular mortality recently. We aimed to search whether there is difference among hypertensive patients with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD) in terms of NHR pattern and the factors associated with NHR in patients with CKD.MethodsThe study included 133 hypertensive patients with normal kidney functions, 97 hypertensive patients with predialysis CKD, and 31 hypertensive hemodialysis patients. Heart rate, blood pressure and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured by 24-h ambulatory blood pressur...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined by low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), is common and a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The risk rises with decline in eGFR and is maximal (around 20 times that of the general population) in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring dialysis. Conventional factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking and hyperlipidaemia contribute to the risk of progressive CKD and CVD. Other factors including proteinuria, left ventricular hypertrophy, impaired calcium –phosphate homeostasis (PTH, FGF-23), anaemia and inflammation, contribute to ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Chronic kidney disease Source Type: research
Abstract A retrospective study was conducted over seven years and it aimed to find out various causes of anemia among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The study included nondialysis-dependent adult CKD patients who underwent anemia evaluation. A total of 584 patients were studied. Three hundred and twenty-one (55%) patients were male and 263 (45%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 55.5 ± 14 years. One hundred and seventy-eight (30.5%) had a diabetic CKD and 406 (69.5%) had a nondiabetic CKD. Seventy-two (12.3%) patients were in CKD Stage 3, 193 (33%) patients in CKD Stage 4, and 319 (...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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