Epilogue for the special issue on sociocultural factors and mechanisms in alcohol use: Epidemiology, prevention, and intervention among ethnic minority groups: Lessons learned.

Epilogue for the special issue on sociocultural factors and mechanisms in alcohol use: Epidemiology, prevention, and intervention among ethnic minority groups: Lessons learned. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2019;89(5):624-626 Authors: Sue S Abstract The research articles in this special issue edited by Zamboanga and Lui focus on sociocultural factors and processes that underlie ethnic disparities in alcohol use in the United States. Major ethnic minority groups such as African Americans, Asian Americans, and Hispanics are included. Contributors to this special issue present their research findings and draw implications for research, theory, and intervention. The focus is clearly needed. We know enough to say that serious alcohol-use disparities exist; finding effective solutions to these problems is vitally important, especially in our increasingly diverse society; and much more research is needed. Priority for ethnic minority research has increased because of the growing ethnic diversity of the nation; concerns over disparities, social justice, and the welfare of minority populations; and increasing political clout of different minority groups. Nevertheless, greater efforts are needed to address research inadequacies and those programs and policies that affect the mental health of various ethnic minority groups. What have we learned from these articles? To address this question, it is important to have a context for viewing the research. In this context, I make ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): E.K. Grantham, A.S. Warden, G.S. McCarthy, A. DaCosta, S. Mason, Y. Blednov, R.D. Mayfield, R.A. Harris
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: When gastroenterologists encounter NAFLD/NASH patients, serum CK should be verified. If hyperCKemia, frontal baldness, a hatched face, history of cataract surgery, and grip myotonia are noted, the possibility of MD may be considered. PMID: 33033573 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Arab JP, Dirchwolf M, Álvares-da-Silva MR, Barrera F, Benítez C, Castellanos-Fernandez M, Castro-Narro G, Chavez-Tapia N, Chiodi D, Cotrim H, Cusi K, de Oliveira CPMS, Díaz J, Fassio E, Gerona S, Girala M, Hernandez N, Marciano S, Masson W, Mendez-Sanchez N, Leite N, Lozano A, Padilla M, Panduro A, Paraná R, Parise E, Perez M, Poniachik J, Restrepo JC, Ruf A, Silva M, Tagle M, Tapias M, Torres K, Vilar-Gomez E, Costa Gil JE, Gadano A, Arrese M Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) currently represents an epidemic worldwide. NAFLD is the most frequently diagnosed chr...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The ultrasonography measure of right liver lobe diameter by itself can reliably identify patients with NAFLD with a good sensitivity and specificity, however, this can be improved by adding the LAP mathematical index in our population. PMID: 33031969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Jessica F. Magidson, Emily N. Satinsky, Christina M. Luberto, Bronwyn Myers, Christopher J. Funes, Rachel Vanderkruik, Lena S. Andersen
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractRationaleN-acylethanolamine acid amidase (NAAA) is an intracellular cysteine hydrolase that terminates the biological actions of oleoylethanolamide (OEA) and palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), two endogenous lipid-derived agonists of the nuclear receptor, and peroxisome proliferator –activated receptor-α. OEA and PEA are important regulators of energy balance, pain, and inflammation, but recent evidence suggests that they might also contribute to the control of reward-related behaviors.Objectives and methodsIn the present study, we investigated the effects of systemic and intracerebral NAAA inhibition in the ...
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe prevalence of reduced mobility among the diabetic older adults in the study is extremely high when compared with results from other studies conducted in Brazil and worldwide. Moreover, a decrease in mobility is one of the main risk factors for falls in older people. Therefore, intervention and health promotion actions should be proposed to maintain and improve the mobility and autonomy of the elderly.
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Injury is the most common cause of death in Americans under the age of 46[1]; 35-40% of all injured patients have evidence of psychoactive substance use and 40-50% of admitted patients have a current substance use disorder (SUD) diagnosis.[2 –4] Injuries encompass all external causes of death, including intentional harm against others or oneself, poisonings, vehicle crashes, falls, burns, and drowning.[5] Psychoactive substances include alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, and both prescription and illicit opioids.
Source: Injury - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Weatherburn Some men who have sex with men (MSM) were assigned female at birth (AFB) and/or identify as trans men. Little is known about how these men differ from other MSM. We compared sexual and mental health indicators from the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS-2017), comparing men AFB and/or currently identifying as trans men with those assigned male at birth (AMB) who identified as men. EMIS-2017 was an opportunistic 33-language online sexual health survey for MSM recruiting throughout Europe. We used regression models adjusting for age, country of residence and employment status to examine differences across gro...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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