Psychosocial Predictors of Response to Telephone-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Bariatric Surgery Patients

This study aimed to identify demographic and clinical predictors of response to Tele-CBT among 79 patients who received Tele-CBT in 3 previous studies. Listwise deletion was applied, after which 58 patients were included in a multivariate linear regression adjusted for age, sex and education status, to evaluate patient rurality index (urban or nonurban), and baseline binge eating, emotional eating and depression symptoms, as predictors of tele-CBT response.ResultsThe predictors explained 31% of the observed variance [R2=0.312, F(4,57)=3.238, p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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This study aimed to identify demographic and clinical predictors of response to Tele-CBT among 79 patients who received Tele-CBT in three previous studies. List-wise deletion was applied after which n=58 patients were included in a multivariate linear regression adjusted for age, sex, and education status, to evaluate patient rurality index (urban or non-urban), and baseline binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), and depression symptoms (PHQ-9), as predictors of tele-CBT response. The predictors explained 31% of the observed variance (R2=.312, F (4,57) =3.238, p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We examined the effects of the independent and combined effects of Zataria Multiflora supplementation and circuit resistance training (CRT) on selected adipokines among postmenopausal women. Forty-eight postmenopausal women were divided into four groups: Exercise (EG, n = 12), Zataria Multiflora (ZMG, n = 12), exercise and Zataria Multiflora (ZMEG, n = 12), and control (CG, n = 12). Participants in experimental groups either performed CRT (3 sessions per week with intensity at 55% of one-repetition maximum) or supplemented with Zataria Multiflora (500 mg every day after breakfast with 100 ml of water), or their combination...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
You happen to be among the two-thirds of Americans with overweight and obesity (defined as a body mass index of 25 or greater), and you are just thrilled to go to your next doctor’s appointment, right? Wrong! Unfortunately, if you have a diagnosis of overweight or obesity, you might find the doctor’s office to be the least inviting place to be. Maybe you find that there are no chairs to accommodate you in the waiting room. When the medical staff takes your blood pressure, you might find that they struggle to find the right size cuff. You might feel as though you are weighed in a disrespectful fashion. Or maybe,...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsIn this investigation, approximately half of the participants were able to lose a clinically significant amount of weight utilizing a minimally intensive intervention with little additional support. MISS-ABT participants were adherent to treatment and lost significantly more weight than participants eligible for stepped care but randomized to continue with SH. A number of psychological factors discriminated between those who were successful and unsuccessful at losing weight. The current preliminary research offers support to continue investigating ABT's potential beneficial effects in promoting weight loss outcomes.
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Prevalence of obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2) today has become a growing concern worldwide (WHO, 2016). In addition to the well-documented physical health risks, such as diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, hypertension and certain types of cancer (Mensink et al., 2013), obesity carries out several adverse effects on psycholo gical well-being. For instance, adults with obesity experience poorer quality of life and more mental distress compared to the general population (e.g., Abilés et al., 2010; Kolotkin et al., 2012; Luppino et al., 2010), and individuals diagnosed with binge eating disorder (BED) ar...
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We found a complex gender-related association between MS, psychosocial risk factors and occupational determinants. The use of these information in surveillance workplace programs might prevent the onset of MS and decrease the chance of negative long-term outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, observational study. PMID: 29987776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Dear Colleagues: Welcome to the May–June 2018 issue of Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience (ICNS). We start the issue with a timely review article by Touma and Scarff titled, “Valbenazine and Deutetrabenazine for Tardive Dyskinesia (TD).” Here, the authors discuss the two drugs, which were recently approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of TD. The authors describe the drugs’ unique mechanisms of action as well as the evidence supporting their efficacy, tolerability, dosing, drug interactions, and precautions. Next, in the article titled “Combinatio...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Editor's Message: Issue Highlights Editorial Message Source Type: research
Conclusion: Phentermine–topiramate could be helpful for weight loss and reduction of binge-eating symptoms in patients with obesity or overweight in addition to BED. Controlled studies are warranted. Binge-eating disorder (BED), an eating disorder recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), is characterized by recurrent and distressing episodes of binge eating (eating an unusually large amount of food with a sense of loss of control over eating) without inappropriate compensatory weight-loss behaviors.1 Known as the most common eating disorder, BED is strongly assoc...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Drug Development Original Research binge eating obesity phentermine–topiramate Qsymia® weight loss Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results suggest that the cross-sectional relationship between weight variability and psychological status is due primarily to poorer psychological function preceding greater weight instability. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Health Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
What is it about flour, i.e., the starch, bran, and germ of seeds of grass plants, such as modern Triticum species of wheat, that makes them extravagantly fattening? The weight gain effect of modern wheat is so powerful that I call it the perfect obesogen, a food that is perfectly crafted to cause obesity. As a society, we have conducted a massive and inadvertent experiment. Based on the flawed logic that emerged from “white flour is bad, whole grains are good” epidemiological observations (or what I would label “white flour is bad, whole grains are less bad” observations), the American diet, thanks...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Wheat Belly Lifestyle blood sugar edema gluten grains Inflammation insulin opiates Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
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