Sleep problems in autism spectrum disorders: A comparison to sleep in typically developing children using actigraphy, diaries and questionnaires

ConclusionsMulti-method assessment is vital in understanding sleep problems in children with ASD. Broad estimates of quantity of sleep do not necessarily describe the difficulties experienced. Using questionnaires in addition to objective measurement may be a means to understand sleep problems in children with ASD and to an improved understanding of their impact.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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AbstractThe safety and efficacy of a novel combination treatment of AChE inhibitors and choline supplement was initiated and evaluated in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Safety and efficacy were evaluated on 60 children and adolescents with ASD during a 9-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comprising 12  weeks of treatment preceded by baseline evaluation, and followed by 6 months of washout, with subsequent follow-up evaluations. The primary exploratory measure was language, and secondary measures included core autism symptoms, sleep and behavior. Significant im...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: Children with neurodevelopmental conditions may have more difficulties disengaging from screen devices in their bedrooms, and an earlier age of screen exposure may contribute to more chronic disruption of sleep.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CASE: Alex is a 14-year-old Portuguese-American boy with a psychiatric history starting at age 5 who presents to your primary care practice after an insurance change. He was delivered prematurely at 32 weeks and diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism at the age of 6 weeks and growth hormone deficiency at the age of 2 years; he is in active treatment for both. He otherwise met developmental milestones on time yet continues to have significant fatigue despite adequate sleep and vitamin D supplementation. His family history is remarkable for maternal anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, and previous attempted suicide...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results have clinical significance as sleep and EF deficits may identify an ASD subgroup that is at increased risk for a comorbid ADHD diagnosis.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese studies demonstrate child sleep problems are associated with poorer parent mental health and higher parenting stress.ImplicationsFuture longitudinal research including multiple measurements of child sleep problems and family functioning is required to clarify the directionality of associations. Such knowledge is key in adapting sleep interventions to better meet the needs of children with ADHD or ASD and their families.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
AbstractSeveral subjective and direct methods have been used to measure and assess sleep patterns and problems among children and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In this paper, we describe the design, operating functions, and application of a computer-assisted system of sleep monitoring and data recording to improve measurement integrity of overnight care providers at a residential school. Descriptive and longitudinal evaluation conducted over a four-year evaluation period revealed that care providers averaged 91% implementation integrity with the system. A subsequent social validity assessment through survey qu...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Did somebody say chocolate? This week’s Psychology Around the Net covers new research on dark chocolate and depression, how to find a balance between mindfulness and technology, why clinging to feel-good beliefs isn’t actually good, and more! Is There a Link Between Dark Chocolate and Depression? According to the findings of a survey-based study recently published in Depression &Anxiety, people who eat dark chocolate appear less likely to exhibit clinically relevant depressive symptoms. Researchers from University College London in conjunction with University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services Canada t...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net advanced sleep phase Applied Behavior Analysis Children Dark Chocolate Depression Mindfulness Parents Screen Time Technology Source Type: blogs
Publication date: 8 August 2019Source: Cell, Volume 178, Issue 4Author(s): Elizabeth K. Ruzzo, Laura Pérez-Cano, Jae-Yoon Jung, Lee-kai Wang, Dorna Kashef-Haghighi, Chris Hartl, Chanpreet Singh, Jin Xu, Jackson N. Hoekstra, Olivia Leventhal, Virpi M. Leppä, Michael J. Gandal, Kelley Paskov, Nate Stockham, Damon Polioudakis, Jennifer K. Lowe, David A. Prober, Daniel H. Geschwind, Dennis P. WallSummaryWe performed a comprehensive assessment of rare inherited variation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by analyzing whole-genome sequences of 2,308 individuals from families with multiple affected children. We i...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
In this episode, our hosts discuss whether or not mental illness is a real disorder or if it’s just something that medical and pharmaceutical companies made up to make a profit.  SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “Instead of taking my psychiatric medications this morning, should I have just gone to yoga?” – Michelle Hammer Highlights from ‘Mental Illness Made Up’ Episode [2:00] Is mental illness real? [4:00] Yoga doesn’t cure all mental illnesses, just like it wouldn’t cure cancer. [16:00] Dealing with people who think mental illness is not real. [19:30] Eating disorders ar...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Brain and Behavior Disorders General Source Type: blogs
Actigraphy (ACT) is a non-invasive objective assessment tool for the study of sleep-wake rhythms. It is of particular interest in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), as sleep disorders are highly prevalent and have a significant impact on both cognitive and behavioral functioning. As polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard for the assessment of sleep, is difficult to perform in children with ASD, ACT has become a tool of choice but has not yet been validated against PSG using state-of-the-art methodology. The main objective of this study was to assess, for the first time, the validity of ACT compared to PSG for ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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