A short screening tool for borderline personality disorder (Short-Bord): Validated by Rasch analysis.

A short screening tool for borderline personality disorder (Short-Bord): Validated by Rasch analysis. Asian J Psychiatr. 2019 Aug 05;44:195-199 Authors: Wongpakaran N, Wongpakaran T, Kuntawong P Abstract The study aimed to development a short screening scale for borderline personality disorder (Short-Bord), and to validate its psychometric properties using Rasch analysis. Ninety-eight outpatients undergoing psychotherapy were evaluated using a semistructured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV Personality disorders. Correlational analysis and Rasch analysis were used to identify the best-fitted items for the shorter scale. Rasch analysis identified three underfitted items. The best five items were selected for the Short-Bord using two analyses, resulting in two sets of Short-Bord which included item 1 (becoming frantic when someone left), item 2 (up- and- down relationships), item 3 (sudden change of sense of self), item 8 (self-harm or suicide), item 9 (self-mutilation), item 10 (sudden mood change) and item 11 (feeling empty inside). Each set of the five-item Short-Bord were tested against the original 15-item BPD scale. Results showed that both sets of the Short-Bord yielded minimally lower in area under curve (AUC = 0.95 and 0.96, respectively) compared with the total score of 15 items (AUC = 0.97), but none significantly differed (chi-square = 0.89-2.87, df 1, p>.05). Internal consistency for the set from Rasch analysis was slightly higher than correl...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study will be conducted in the city of Porto Alegre in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in far-southern Brazil. This region has Portuguese, Italian, German, and African influence. It has a population of 1.4 million, and it is the 10th most populous city in Brazil. Its ethnic distribution is as follows: White (79.2%), Black (10.2%), and Pardo (multiracial) people (10.6%). Its religious distribution is as follows: Catholic (83%), Protestant (9%), and others and atheists (8%). Brazil is a country with a high level of religiosity, and it is common for people to associate improvements in their health as being due to their fa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
DiscussionThe expected results will be a major step forward in establishing empirically supported psychological treatments for survivors of CA suffering from Complex PTSD.Trial registrationGerman Clinical Trials Register: registration numberDRKS00005578, date of registration 19 December 2013.
Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study aims to increase knowledge of how such cr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) is a highly efficacious and effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In addition to reducing PTSD symptoms, PE ameliorates a wide-variety of related symptoms, including anxiety, depression, functional impairment, mild suicidal ideation, and anger. Furthermore, PE is effective in patients with comorbid conditions, including dissociation, substance use, borderline personality disorder and psychosis. How does PE achieve these outcomes? Emotional processing theory (EPT) is the conceptual model from which PE was derived. Three key concepts were originally proposed as indicato...
Source: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The authors present the results from a 3-year follow-up among 170 patients who had participated in the original randomized study, which consisted of three treatment conditions: (a) 3-month abandonment psychotherapy (AP) delivered by certified psychotherapi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Journal of Personality Disorders, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Personality Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) vs.Mindstrong HealthMood Monitoring via Invasive Brain Recordings or Smartphone SwipesWhich Would You Choose?That's not really a fair question. The ultimate goal of invasive recordings is one of direct intervention, by delivering targeted brain stimulation as a treatment. But first you have to establish a firm relationship between neural activity and mood. Well, um, smartphone swipes (the way you interact with your phone) aim to establish a firm relationship between your “digital phenotype” and your mood. And then refer you to an app for a precision intervention. Or to your t...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
Conclusion We must take steps to recognize psychological trauma among our partners and ourselves, establish a supportive culture of understanding and help seeking, and realize that we are ineffective in caring for others if we do not first help ourselves. Highly effective treatments are available. References Boffa JW, Stanley IH1, Hom MA. PTSD symptoms and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among firefighters. J Psychiatr Res. 2017;84:277­–283. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (Sept. 4, 2014.) Substance use and mental health estimates from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and He...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Resiliency Operations Source Type: news
Suicide rates are high and have only been increasing over the years. Over 800,000 people die all over the world by suicide each year. A proportion of the suicides are murder suicides resulting in additional loss of life. Attempts at suicide occur more frequently and we have about one million suicide attempts occurring each year. Suicide is a heart-breaking problem that is growing and needs to be addressed in as many ways as is possible. Understanding the risk factors, knowing the warning signs and what to do about them, is a crucial step. The more the awareness the greater the impact on suicide prevention. Risk Factors f...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Depression General Suicide Source Type: news
More News: Borderline Personality Disorder | Depression | Psychiatry | Psychotherapy | Statistics | Study | Suicide