Anti-inflammatory effect and potential mechanism of betulinic acid on λ-carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice

Publication date: October 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 118Author(s): Zhaoping Ou, Jing Zhao, Lijuan Zhu, Lin Huang, Yurong Ma, Chaoyang Ma, Chenxi Luo, Zihan Zhu, Zhihang Yuan, Jing Wu, Rongfang Li, Jine YiAbstractλ-Carrageenan (Carr), a seaweed polysaccharide, is used as a proinflammatory agent in research. Betulinic acid (BA), a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid, exerts immunomodulatory, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, anti-malarial and anti-HIV effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether BA exerts anti-inflammatory effect against Carr-induced paw edema in mice, and how BA could mediate the expression of inflammation-associated MAPK-COX-2-PGE2 signal pathway. BA pretreatment significantly reduced the inflammatory response to Carr-induced paw edema, especially at 4 h after injection. BA reduced the serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-5, IL-6, GM-CSF, KC, MCP-1 and PGE2 in Carr-treated mice, and increased those of anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-12. It also increased SOD, CAT and GSH-Px activities, and GSH content, and reduced MDA content in the liver of Carr-treated mice. Besides, BA reduced neutrophil infiltration in the basal and subcutaneous layers of the paw of Carr-treated mice, decreased the expression of COX-2 protein, and reduced the phosphorylation of JNK, p38 and ERK1/2. These results indicated that the protective effect of BA on Carr-induce...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Rihui Wu, Xueting Mei, Yibiao Ye, Ting Xue, Jiasheng Wang, Wenjia Sun, Caixia Lin, Ruoxue Xue, Jiabao Zhang, Donghui XuAbstractZinc(II) complexes of curcumin display moderate cytotoxicity towards cancer cells at low micromolar concentrations. However, the clinical use of zinc(II) complexes is hampered by hydrolytic insolubility and poor bioavailability and their anticancer mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we investigated the efficacy and mechanism of action of a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP-k30)-based solid dispersion of Zn(II)-curc...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study sought to answer the question by investigating exogenous GM3 effects on multiple steps involved in atherogenesis. First, the physicochemical properties of native low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and LDL enriched with exogenous GM3 (GM3-LDL) were characterized by dynamic laser scattering, atomic force microscopy, and agarose gel electrophoresis. Then, electrophoretic mobility, conjugated diene and malondialdehyde production, and amino group blockage of GM3-LDL/LDL were measured to determine LDL oxidation degrees and cellular recognition/internalization of GM3-LDL/GM3-oxLDL were detected via confocal microscopy and f...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Alisa K. Pautova, Pavel D. Sobolev, Alexander I. RevelskyAbstractThe article is devoted to the application of modern sample preparation technique - microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) - in conjunction with non-conventional type of sorbent - hypercrosslinked polystyrene, that was investigated for the first time in this work. Their combination was used to extract phenylcarboxylic acid-type aromatic microbial metabolites from serum samples of a healthy volunteer with following derivatization and GC-MS d...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionCollectively our data suggest that the bioactive chemical pool which is responsible for the therapeutic effects of EW can be extracted in petroleum ether, and fractionated to a relatively small multiple components. Such components include known anti-inflammatory chemicals, which may contribute to the possible microglia polarization in brain lesion during the recovery of ischemic stroke.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsYGY has obvious reversal effects on the abnormal symptoms of adenine-induced CKD and the abnormal symptoms of rats with hypothyroidism and male reproductive hypotension. Its mechanism is related to its ability to regulate the HIF1α-STAT5 pathway.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe call for an approach which incorporates a careful design, meticulous execution and a detailed reporting of studies focusing on the pharmacology/bioactivity of bioactive preparations. Clearly testable research questions must be developed and investigated experimentally. As the founder of pharmacology Claude Bernard put it already in 1865: ‘…. either the experimenter's hypothesis will be disproved or it will be proved by experiment. When experiment disproves its preconceived ideas, the experimenter must discard or modify it.‘Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the bio-composite M-HAP/PSSG is better scaffold for coating on the surface of Ti implant for orthopedic implantation.Graphical abstract
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth 18F-HX4 and 18F-FMISO PET/CT can be used as biomarkers for tumor hypoxia and radiotherapy-associated changes. The clinical utilization of these two PET tracers needs to be further validated.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition)Author(s): A. López-Cabañas
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Publication date: September–October 2019Source: EXPLORE, Volume 15, Issue 5Author(s):
Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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