MRI shows effect of Ritalin on kids' brains

MR images indicate that methylphenidate, also known as Ritalin, can affect...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: fMRI shows how game therapy 'rewires' ADHD brains MRI shows smaller brain volume in kids with ADHD MR spectroscopy links ADHD drugs to positive emotions MRI, radiomics help diagnose, discern ADHD subtypes MRI links brain volume to ADHD
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Although intellectual disability was included in the first description of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the cognitive and neurodevelopmental (ND) components of DMD and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) remain overshadowed by their motor, cardiac, and pulmonary manifestations. To assess the ND comorbidity burden in dystrophinopathy patients at Le Bonheur Children's Hospital neuromuscular clinic, abstraction of the electronic medical record was performed for 46 patients. Diagnoses of ADHD, epilepsy, autism spectrum, obsessive compulsive, oppositional defiant, mood, anxiety, and sleep disorders, along with discussion of an...
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Parents of children with ADHD typically report higher levels of parenting stress than parents of typically developing children. Children with ADHD display developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Some children wi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 18 September 2021; doi:10.1038/s41398-021-01604-3Machine-learning-based diagnosis of drug-naive adult patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder using mismatch negativity
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   ADHD Intervention:   Behavioral: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment Decision Aid Sponsors:   Massachusetts General Hospital;   Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts, Boston Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Gambling Disorder (GD) has been recently re-classified in the DSM-5 under the “substance-related and addictive disorders,” in light of its genetic, endophenotypic, and phenotypic resemblances to substance dependence. Diminished control is a core defining concept of psychoactive substance dependence or addiction and has given rise to the concept of “behavioral” addictions, which are syndromes analogous to substance addiction, but with a behavioral focus other than ingestion of a psychoactive substance. The main symptom clusters are represented by loss of control, craving/withdrawal, and neglect of ot...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Also: Fitbit may be able to tell you how much you snore, and  psychedelic-focused startup Mind Cure Health joins the DTx Alliance. 
Source: mobihealthnews - Category: Information Technology Source Type: news
We examined the extent to which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurodevelopmental disorder, is linked with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and any dementia, neurodegenerative diseases, across generations… Results: Among relatives of 2,132,929 index persons, 3042 parents, 171,732 grandparents, and 1369 uncles/aunts had a diagnosis of AD. Parents of individuals with ADHD had an increased risk of AD (hazard ratio 1.55, 95% confidence interval 1.26–1.89). The associations attenuated but remained elevated in grandparents and uncles/aunts. The association for early-onset AD was stronger than late-...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Attention & ADD/ADHD Brain/ Mental Health Alzheimers-disease attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder cognitive cognitive decline cognitive-abilities dementia neurodegenerative-diseases Neurodevelopmental Source Type: blogs
The paper established a differential equation model for 194 children with ADHD in outpatient clinics from September 2019 to August 2020 and compiled a children's clinical diagnostic interview scale based on the fourth edition of the American Diagnostic and...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
This study examined sex differences in the EEG of adults diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) according to DSM-5 criteria. Sixteen females and 16 males with AD/HD, and age- and sex-matched control groups, had an eyes-closed resting EEG recorded from 19 electrode sites. EEGs were Fast Fourier transformed and estimates for total power, absolute and relative power in the delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma bands, and the theta/beta ratio, were analysed across nine cortical regions. Males with AD/HD, compared with male controls, had globally reduced absolute beta, globally elevated relative theta, an...
Source: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Background: Prior research has found that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – particularly hyperactivity symptoms – is associated with various somatic complaints. The present study further tests the relationship between hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints in Chinese male adolescents and explores the underlying moderating and mediating mechanisms.Methods: Our sample included 1,586 males (age = 12–16) recruited as part of an epidemiological study of child and adolescent mental disorders from April to July, 2014. Hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints were assessed with Achenba...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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