Association between diabetes, hypertension, activities of daily living and physical activity among elderly users of primary healthcare facilities

Abstract The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence of self-reportedhypertension and diabetes among elderly users of primary healthcare facilities in Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, and to investigate the association between these chronic conditions and physical activity and the degree of independence on the performance of activities of daily living. The study included 357 subjects aged 60 years or older. The classification of physical activity was based on t he International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the Pfeffer FunctionalActivities Questionnaire (PFAQ) was applied to assess activities of daily living. Prevalence of diabetes was associated with the level of physical activity, the self-perception of health and the degree of independence on the performance of activities of daily living. No significant associations were found between the prevalence of hypertension and these variables. These findings reinforce the relevance of continuous strategies of management of diabetes in the primary healthcare facilities based on the promotion o f physical and occupational activities.Resumo O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi estimar a preval ência auto-reportada de hipertensãoe diabetes entre idosos usuários das unidades de atenção primária à saúde de Ribeirão Preto, Brasil, e investigar a associação entre estas condições crônicas e a atividade f&i...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Schulte C, Zeller T Abstract Cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment is based on the utilization of risk scores, enabling clinicians to estimate an individual's risk to develop CV pathologies and events. Such risk scores comprise classic CV risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and blood cholesterol levels. Recently, other CV biomarkers such as cardiac troponins have been suggested and evaluated as alternative biomarkers not only in the acute diagnostic setting of myocardial infarction, but also as markers for risk stratification in the general population. In this review, we summarize the curre...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Conclusions This study revealed that LBBB patients with discordant T wave in lateral leads have significantly higher ischemic scores and worse functional parameters with more dyssynchrony in gated SPECT MPI.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Kimpton M, Siegal DM Abstract A 77-year-old man with atrial fibrillation and a CHA2DS2Vasc score of 6 for hypertension, age, diabetes, and previous stroke is brought to the emergency department with decreased level of consciousness. He is anticoagulated with rivaroxaban (a direct oral factor Xa inhibitor [FXaI]) and received his last dose about 4 hours before presentation. Urgent computed tomography of the head shows intracerebral hemorrhage. Because of his previous stroke, the patient's family is concerned about treating the bleed with pharmacological agents that may increase the risk of stroke. What are ...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Background and Aims: Gender disparities exist in outcomes among patients with cirrhosis. We sought to evaluate the role of gender on hospital course and in-hospital outcomes in patients with cirrhosis to help better understand these disparities. Study: We analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), years 2009 to 2013, to identify patients with any diagnosis of cirrhosis. We calculated demographic and clinical characteristics by gender, as well as cirrhosis complications. Our primary outcome was inpatient mortality. We used logistic regression to associate baseline characteristics and cirrhosis complication...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Arya DS, Chowdhury S, Chawla R, Das AK, Ganie MA, Kumar KMP, Nadkar MY, Rajput R Abstract Pharmacotherapy with fixed dose combination (FDC) drugs is becoming popular as evidence-based clinical guidelines recommend using multiple therapeutic agents in complex regimens for many chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). FDC formulations have unique advantages such as complementary mechanism of action, synergistic effects, better tolerability, elongated product life-cycle management, and cost savings. Polypharmacy is a frequent problem in T2DM patients having hypertension, dyslipidemia, and o...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine the association of Computed tomography quantified visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using CKD-EPI formula, diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), proteinuria, lipid profile, and hypertension. Increased adipose tissue is the primary phenotypic characteristic of obesity. The amount and distribution of adipose tissue is associated with many adverse consequences, as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease etc. Abdominal CT with semi-automated software can quantify adipose tissue and predict the risk...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Gupta R, Sharma KK, Soni S, Gupta N, Khedar RS Abstract Background: Hypertension is highly prevalent in India but frequency of resistant hypertension has not been well studied. Methods: We performed a registry-based study at a single center in patients with primary diagnosis of hypertension (n=3073). Details of co-morbidities, medications and blood pressure (BP) control were obtained. Patients with coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic kidney disease were excluded. Resistant hypertension was defined as uncontrolled hypertension (BP ≥140/90) with use of 3 drugs of which one was ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Biswapriya B. Misra, Anoop MisraAbstractT2DM, variously known as diabetes mellitus type 2, adult-onset diabetes; noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a global silent killer, with> 450 million adults affected worldwide. A diverse array of non-modifiable risk factors such as family history, age (>45 yrs), race/ethnicity, and history of gestational diabetes) and modifiable risk factors such as physical inactivity, high body fat or body weight, high blood pressure and high chol...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, correlations between 18F-NaF PET/computed tomography (CT) findings and cardiovascular risk factors were investigated in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Patients and methods Forty patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent 18F-NaF PET/CT. The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity, and the overall burden of calcium deposition in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) were measured on 18F-NaF PET/CT and they were compared with cardiovascular risk factors, particularly, with those related to metabolic syndrome. Results The maximum and overall burden of calcifying ac...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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