Scientific knowledge in the field of Physical Education: paths to complexity
Abstract This manuscript aims to discuss possibilities for the incorporation of complex thinking in the scientific field of Physical Education (PE) in Brazil. In dialogue with philosophers who theorize about complex thinking, we analyze the ordering of scientific knowledge structures in Brazil, such as the organization in areas and lines of PE Graduate Programs (PPGs) exposed on their websites and the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) document. Regarding sociocultural transformations that occurred throughout the 20th century, science perceives the limits of knowledge, where divisions in...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Low level of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in elderly: a systematic review of the parameters
Abstract Sedentary behavior tends to increase with aging and several studies have focused on analyzing the components which may influence this pattern of behavior. Indirect and direct measuring have been used to determine the relative parameters to this phenomenon while there is no consensus about which parameter should be adopted to conceptualize sedentary behavior, making difficulty to establish comparisons among the studies on this population. The aim of this study was to systematically review the characterization of low level of physical activity and sedentary behavior in studies with older people. Electronic search on...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Food consumption, physical activity level and sedentary behavior in schoolchildren
The objective was to analyze dietary intake, PA and SB level in schoolchildren. Children from 6 to 10 years old, coming from public and private schools were evaluated for anthropometry, dietary pattern, PA and SB level. A total of 1408 children (48.1% male) with a mean age of 8.05 ( ± 1.53) years participated in the study. Only 4.6%, 4.9% and 17.2% of children met the recommendations for fruit, milk and dairy products, respectively. 40.4% and 59.5% of the children did not meet the recommendation for soft drinks and meat consumption, respectively. More than 75% of children met the recommendation for the consumption o...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of volume of practice in children with probable Developmental Coordination Disorder
Abstract Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) demonstrate a slower and more gradual ability to acquire and learn motor skills with practice. One question then is whether a higher volume of practice for these children could match the performance of children with typical development (TD). The present study aims to examine the effects of a higher volume of practice by children with probable DCD (pDCD) in relation to a lower volume of practice by children with TD. The MABC-2 was used to identify the participants' level of motor difficulty and set the composition of the groups. Two active video games (Nintend...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between body composition and aerobic capacity in karate athletes
Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the association between body composition and performance in the karate specific aerobic test (KSAT). This is a study carried out with thirteen athletes (6 females) with a mean age of 20.7 ± 4.2 years, affiliated to the Pernambuco Federation of Karate Associations, were developing this training routine during the 2018 season. Body mass and height were measured. To measure body composition, the body densitometry method was used by the x-ray double-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) technique. Karate Specific Aerobic Test was used to verify aerobic performance. Association analyzes ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analysis of playing position and match statusrelated differences in external load demands on amateur handball: a case study
Abstract Currently, the load quantification during training and competition in all sports is important to injury prevention, design specific training sessions, and player performance enhancement. The present study aimed to describe the external load profile of amateur-level handball players and to compare the playing position and match outcome-related differences in an official 2nd Regional Division male official match. 19 handball players were monitored by WIMU PROTM electronic performance and tracking systems (EPTS) with ultrawide-band (UWB) indoor location technology. Statistical analysis was composed of a t-student ind...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

How does completing an Ironman triathlon affect postural control?
This study aims to investigate the ability to maintain a static posture in three different positions before and after an Ironman competition and the blood glucose level behavior. Forty-nine volunteers underwent balance evaluation using the force plate VSRTM Sport. The area of the center of gravity (ACOG) was assessed pre- and post-competition in the bipodal, unipodal, and tandem postures. Glucose levels were also assessed concurrently. The ACOG findings showed a significant post-competition increase in the three postures assessed, with no significant interaction between the postures. The glucose test showed an increase in ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Body image perception and satisfaction in university students
Abstract Body image represents the mental perception of body shapes and is a multifactorial structure that includes psychological, physical and emotional elements. The discrepancy between the subjective perception of body image and the desire for the ideal body type can interfere with the feeling of satisfaction and trigger the desire for changes in appearance, directly interfering with mental health and general well-being. Men and women may differ in body image satisfaction due to the different social influences and beauty standards imposed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the subjective perception of body image and...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Correlation between functionality, mobility and risk of falls in elderly people with Alzheimer’s disease
Abstract To evaluate functional capacity, mobility and balance in elderly patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD), in its mild, moderate and severe forms, verifying the existence of correlation among these parameters. Eighty-eight elderly patients (81.79 ± 6.54 years) diagnosed with AD treated at an elderly care reference center in Taguatinga-DF were selected, and information was collected between November 2018 and March 2019. Data collection was initially made by filling in the evaluation form. Subsequently, two questionnaires were administered to caregivers (Clinical Dementia Rating-CDR and Disability Assessment fo...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Development process of content validity of pedagogical knowledge assessment in swimming
This study aimed to validate the content of items regarding an instrument of assessment of substantive contents, its organization and forms of practice, and pedagogical feedback in swimming sessions by the use of the coefficient of content validity (CVC). This analysis encompass the validation of instruments in a theoretical way, which has generated a grid of occurrences on items related to pedagogical knowledge of teaching and learning contents in swimming sessions. Three examiners took part in the sample. The three of them hold active experience of at least ten years in the teaching of swimming and have assessed 31 items...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of 10 weeks of strength training on the electromyographic response of quadriceps portions
This study investigate the effect of 10-week strenght training on the amplitude of the electromyographic (EMG) signal of vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and rectus Femoris. Twenty three untrained volunteers performed 3-5 sets (3 sets - weeks 1 and 2; 4 series - weeks 3 and 4; 5 series weeks 5 to 10) with 6 repetitions, intensity of 50% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM), 3 min rest between sets and 6 s repetition duration at the knee extensor exercise. One group (5:1) performed concentric action of 5 s and eccentric of 1 s and the other (3:3) performed concentric of 3 s and eccentric of 3 s. The VM, VL and RF EMG (RMS) activi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Perception on facilitators and benefits of participation in body practice groups
Abstract The practice of physical activity has been considered as an important factor in the area of public health, as it helps in the prevention and treatment of various diseases. Thus, understanding the facilitators for participation and benefits from healthy lifestyle can contribute to population awareness. The aim of this study was to analyze facilitators for body practice and benefits perceived by participants of body practice groups of two basic family health units of Santa Rosa/RS. This qualitative research included 25 participants. Data were obtained by the focal group technique. Motivation/incentive, mainly linked...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Critical velocity estimates running velocity in a 10-km running race in recreational runners
Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the estimated running velocity in a critical velocity (CV) test with the real running velocity in a 10-km race. This is a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 34 runners, 20 males and 14 females (42,4 ± 11,0). The participants attended two days of testing and one day to participate in an official 10-km race. During the visits, the following tests were performed: i) 400-meter running track test and ii) 2000 meter running track test. They were randomly selected and held in official athletics track with at least 48 hours rest between them. The athletes were in...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - July 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Functional training: a conceptual update
Resumo O treinamento funcional (TF) tem crescido em popularidade, por ém tal crescimento ainda ocorre de forma desorganizada e multifacetada. Assim, uma atualização conceitual se faz necessário, especialmente, baseado na maneira como o TF tem sido aplicado na maioria das pesquisas. Nesse contexto, o TF tem sido compreendido como aquele que objetiva o aprimoramento sinérgico, integrado e equilibrado de diferentes capacidades físicas para garantir eficiência e segurança durante o desempenho de tarefas cotidianas, sendo baseado nos princípios do treinamento, sobret...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sources of self-efficacy for motor learning in children: systematic literature review in clinical trials
This study aimed to verify the effects of intervention models on the motor activity of children elaborated from the self-efficacy theory. The systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials with the PRISMA strategy was used. Sixteen studies were descriptively analyzed and revealed that knowledge based on the self-efficacy theory related to motor activity has been more frequently integrated into broad intervention programs in the school environment, collectively applied, stimulating aspects related to children's health and prevention of childhood obesity. Important results were obtained in the development of self...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute effects of graduated compression stockings on oxidative stress and muscle damage markers in garbage collectors: a randomized, crossover-controlled trial
Abstract Intense physical activity can increase oxidative stress and muscle damage in, causing fatigue and injury. Graduated compression stockings (GCS) can decrease these deleterious effects. The aim was to determine the acute effects of GCS on muscle damage and oxidative stress (OS) in garbage collectors. Thirteen garbage collectors, 25.4 ±5.2 years, participated using GCS or placebo stockings. Blood samples were collected at pre and post a working day and after 16 hours of rest. Markers of OS and muscle damage were evaluated. Two-way ANOVA (two conditions and two moments) was used for the analysis of the outcomes...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

What is the contribution of each physical activity domain to total physical activity in adolescents?
Abstract The present study aimed to verify the contribution of different physical activity domains to “ total physical activity ” in Brazilian adolescents. This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from the third edition of the National School Health Survey - PeNSE, 2015. The sample consisted of 100,497 adolescents of both sexes enrolled in the 9th grade of elementary schools. A linear regression model was used to verify how much each domain contributed to total physical activity, considering gender, type of municipality and region. The domain with the largest contribution to “ total physical a...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analysis of aerobic testing in basketball referees and heart rate recovery time
Abstract The study analyzed the physical conditioning and the time of recovery of the maximum heart rate of 12 international referees being used the test of 20 meters with beep to evaluate the cardiorespiratory conditioning, with the frequency to control the recovery time of the maximum cardiac post test. The majority of the referees obtained a recovery of heart rate greater than 50% in 3 minutes, were those that reached the levels of good to excellent in the table of maximum Vo2. Even with some factors influencing their physical performance most of the referees were able to complete the aerobic test and obtained a good re...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analysis of the execution of core tactical principles and technical efficiency of primary school futsal players
Abstract The study aimed to analyze the core tactical offensive principles and technical efficiency of primary school futsal players. Thirty-three students from a school in Paran á participated in the study. The System of Tactical Assessment in Soccer (FUT-SAT) and the System of Notational Analysis in Small-sided Soccer Games were used for tactical-technical analysis. It was found that the tactical principle “ offensive coverage" was most frequently executed by the primary school futsal players (p = 0.01), followed by "width and length" without ball (p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Muscle thickness and functional performance of patients with Parkinson’s disease
Abstract The aims of this study were: a) to check if there is difference between muscle thickness measured by ultrasonography at three different sites, elbow flexors and knee extensors of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD); b) to check if there is correlation between muscle thickness and functional performance in patients with PD. Muscle thickness was assessed by ultrasonography at three anatomical sites in elbow flexors (proximal - EF1, medial, EF2, and distal - EF3) and knee extensors (proximal - EK1, medial - EK2, and distal - EK3), as well as functional performance assessment (chair stand and arm curl) of 31 patien...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Analysis of body weight of adults by different indirect methods
Abstract Anthropometry is considered a widely applicable and effective method to track adiposity. Among the current methods of anthropometric analysis are the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Waist Hip Index (ICQ) are utilized. However, both presents limitations because they fail to estimate the adiposity. In this sense, recently the Body Adiposity Index (IAC) emerged as an important tool in the adipose mass evaluation of large populations. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate adults aged between 18 and 50 years through BMI, IAC and ICQ and to analyze the agreement degree between the methods. A total of 2602 individuals ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association of cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity level, and sedentary behavior with overweight in adolescents
Abstract Physical activity and sedentary behavior promote opposite effects on overweight and obesity, in adolescents; however little is known of their combined impact on these outcomes. We aimed to investigate if there were any associations between overweight, and physical activity level, cardiorespiratory fitness, and sedentary behavior, both as isolated variables and in combination. Data of 1,015students from two public and four private schools from the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were analyzed. Overweight was classified according to body mass index, whereas physical activity level was assessed by the Int...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between body adiposity index and cardiovascular risk factors in teachers
Abstract Body adiposity index (BAI) is a relatively recent evaluation method for the diagnosis of overweight and obesity, which takes into account simple measures. The aim of this study was to verify the association between BAI and cardiovascular risk factors in teachers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 495 teachers from the city of Vi çosa-MG. BAI, body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), waist-to-hip ratio (WtHR), body fat percentage (%BF), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, total cholesterol and triglycerides were evaluated. Associations between BAI (independent variabl...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

VAMOS program: instruments for measuring physical activity, feeding and anthropometry
Abstract The aim of this study was to indicate instruments to measure the effectiveness of the Active Life Improving Health Program - VAMOS, in physical activity (PA), feeding and anthropometry. Fifty-six participants were selected to act as analysts in the different stages of the work: 1) systematic review, 2) consensus groups, 3) analysis of selected instruments, 4) focus group. Physical activity, feeding and anthropometry measures, considering their applicability, viability and low cost, were selected to be applied in the VAMOS program in Basic Health Units (UBS). Step 1: Systematic literature review selected the instru...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Handgrip strength accuracy as discriminator of functional independence in centenarian women
Abstract The aim of this study was to verify and compare handgrip strength (HS) with activities of the daily living (ADL) and to identify the cutoff point of HGS in the prediction of independence in ADL of centenarians. Twenty-four centenarians with mean age of 101.67 ± 2.80 years participated in the study. Subjects were asked about marital status, schooling (years), diseases, hearing difficulties and activities of the daily living (Katz scale), to classify functional independence. Handgrip strength of the right hand (HSR) and left hand (HSL) (mean of the three measures of each hand) was evaluated by means of manual...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - May 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) Global: international accreditation scheme of the competent anthropometrist
We describe the four-level hierarchical structure of IAAS, which is guided by the rules defined in the ISAK Handbook and the anthropometric procedures described in the ISAK manuals, as well as the importance and functionality of the ISAK website. It is suggested that an ISAK mobile app be developed to, among other things, facilitate communication among its members, streamline data management of accreditation courses and increase the organization ’ s international projection.Resumo A avalia ção antropométrica, de uma pessoa ou população, é utilizada por profissionais de difere...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical fitness test performance probability with increasing age: suggestions for practical applications in military physical training
This article analyzes the Physical Fitness Test (PFT) which is performed by the Brazilian Navy to check the physical parameters of its military members in order to present the performance of probabilities with increasing age. We analyzed 702 PFT data in this study, separated into three groups based on the age of those assessed by the PFT, as follows: young adults (YA, n=91, age range between 20-30 years), adults (A, n=243, age range between 30-40 years) and mature adults (MA, n=368, age range between 40-50 years old). PFT measurements were: Body Mass Index (BMI), 100 m freestyle swimming, 3,200 m running, 1 min sit-ups, Pu...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Changes in tactical behavior during small-sided and conditioned games performed within a training session
This study aimed to verify the acute effects of 3vs.3 soccer small-sided and conditioned games (SSCG) on the tactical behavior of youth soccer athletes within one training session. Twenty-four soccer athletes (U-13 and U-14 categories) from a professional club participated in the study. They played four 4-minute 3vs.3 SSCG with 4 minutes of passive recovery in-between. All SSCG were recorded and players ’ tactical behavior was analyzed using the System of Tactical Assessment in Soccer. We compared the frequencies and percentages of successful tactical principles over the four 3vs.3 SSCG bouts performed within the tra...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of the Paleolithic Diet on obesity anthropometric measurements
Abstract Comparing the effects of Paleolithic Diet (PD) and of a Guidelines Substantiated Diet (GSD) on anthropometric indicators of obese individuals. Randomized clinical trial. Obese patients were divided into two groups based on dietary prescription: PD and GSD. These diets encompassed 82 and 73 patients, respectively, who were followed-up for 60 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken before the beginning of the trial, at the 30th day of it and at the end of the experimental period. At the 60th experimental day, there was 26.8% treatment abandonment by individuals in group PD and 19.2% by the ones in group GSD; th...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relativizing effects of high intensity interval training vs continuous moderate
Abstract The production of systematic reviews and meta-analysis increased substantially. In this sense, we highlight those comparing Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training (MICT) and High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). It is known that meta-analyses of well-conducted studies are considered as a superior level of scientific evidence; therefore, it is relevant to critically analyze all those articles, especially speaking about the absence of differences between MICT and HIIT reported in previous studies. Widely, analyzing studies included in a meta-analysis frequently is possible to identify a lack of crucial informatio...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Maturation, morphological, motor and technical characteristics of under 16 female track and field athletes
Abstract There is growing interest in identifying morphological, motor, maturation characteristics, as well as their changes, of children and adolescents in systematized training in various sports. Knowledge of these characteristics is important for coaches and researchers because they provide parameters for assessing youth development during training. For track and field, studies on the category under 16 are scarce. Thus, the objectives of this study are to describe the profile and to design a percentile table of morphological, motor, maturation and event-specific variables of under 16 athletes. 105 young athletes were ev...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of overweight on functional capacity of physically active older women
Abstract Aging comprises a dynamic and progressive process, characterized by physiological and functional changes. Among these changes, increase in body fat is considered relevant, since it can leads to impaired physical fitness and augmented cardiometabolic risks. Considering this, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of overweight on functional capacity of physically active older women. A field survey was performed with 24 older women who practiced physical exercise. Participants were submitted to anamnesis, anthropometric measures (i.e., body mass and height); the Senior Fitness test; sit and reach ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Fatigue index and anaerobic power obtained in different surfaces types
Abstract Due to the high intensity of competitive sports, the anaerobic power is a very important physical capacity for most sports. However, the diverse surfaces were these sports may interfere in the performance of this capacity. In running-based sports, the Running Anaerobic Sprint Test – RAST is largely used to evaluate anaerobic power. Considering the specificity of each sport, it is suggested to apply this test on the surface that it is played. Thus, the aim of the present study is to analyze the performance of RAST on different surfaces. The sample was composed by 10 subjects, mean age 20.2 ± 0.9 years ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Offensive analysis in EUROLEAGUE final four
Abstract The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of the ball screen and 1x1 situations on the shooting effectiveness in the Euroleague Final Four of the 2016-2017 season. A total of 1122 offensive actions were analyzed by means of an ad hoc instrument called SOCCB, where the following findings stand out: a) ball screen is the most used concept followed by one-on-one played outside the three-point line and finally, the one-on-one played close to the zone; b) the limited use of the one-on-one played close to the zone and specialization of the big men in screening and shooting actions rather than team behavior is co...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of eccentric overload through isoinertial technology in basketball players
Abstract The present study investigated the effect of eccentric overload on professional basketball players. Participants were 8 players aged 18-25 years who play in a Leb Oro League team. There was an 8 week training cycle with 1 weekly session of half squats. The control group performed training following a traditional methodology – using free weights – whereas the experimental group used inertial technology, that is, the ProSquat machine from Proinertial ®. Both vertical jump and 30-meter sprint were assessed before and after intervention. The following conclusions were reached: a) strength training with...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship of fatigue with depressive symptoms and level of physical activity in women with breast cancer diagnosis
Abstract Breast cancer is the most frequent in women, resulting in fatigue and depressive symptoms as consequence of treatment, but physical activity can help in this process. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between fatigue, depressive symptoms and practice of physical activity of women with breast cancer during treatment or after cancer treatment. This is a cross-sectional study with 179 women (56.89 ± 9.4 years) from the Oncology Research Center - CEPON, using questionnaire on general and clinical information, fatigue (Piper Fatigue Scale) depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory) a...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The range of motion of the back squat exercise affects absolute volume load without changing the rating of perceived exertion
Abstract The range of motion (ROM) may affect the external maximal load during back squat (BS) exercise. The correct ROM manipulation can be useful as an exercise load manipulation strategy, changing the volume load during a resistance training session. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of ROM on relative load, absolute load and the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during partial and full BS exercise with adjusted loads. Fifteen male individuals (age: 26.5 ±4.5 years; height: 173±6 cm; body mass: 80.6 ± 8.8 kg; resistance training experience 5±3 years) participated in thi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Using the medicine ball throw test to predict upper limb muscle power: validity evidence
Abstract Muscle power is the product of muscle force and velocity, which translates into the ability to produce force in a short time interval. Periodic evaluations of strength and power, coupled with training strategies for these capacities, are of great value to athletes and multi-sports coaches, since they are key determinants for team success. Specifically, in rugby, where passing is a predominant and determinant element of sporting success, few field tests are available for assessing upper limb muscle power. The purpose of this point of view is to correct the upper limb power prediction equation previously published b...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of strength training and multicomponent training on the functionality of older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis
In conclusion, both types of training were effective to improve functionality and are good strategies of training for older individuals. However, as the comparison between the two types of training was performed in few studies, it is not possible to infer which is more effective for the functionality, suggesting the realization of new clinical trials.Resumo O exerc ício físico é uma opção importante para a manutenção da independência funcional nos idosos, porém, não está claro qual tipo de exercício pode ser mais benéfico. Diante diss...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between strength with day sleepiness in individuals with Parkinson’s disease
This study is a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach. A total of 29 individuals with Parkinson ’ s disease were recruited and classified in one of four stages of the modified Hoehn and Yahr scale. To assess the excessive daytime sleepiness the Epworth Sleepiness scale was used. The muscle strength was assess with handgrip and isokinetic dynamometers. There are non-significant correlation between Epworth Sleepiness scale with muscle strength, p
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Occurrence of overweight in schoolchildren and analysis of agreement between anthropometric methods
Abstract The child population is strongly affected by obesity. Accessible and reliable strategies for the obesity diagnosis are of utmost importance.. The aim of this study was to identify childhood obesity according the WHO (World Health Organization): malnourished, healthy weight, overweight and obese. It was collected measures of height, Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC) and Triceps Skinfold Thickness (TSF) of 449 children from Municipal School of Araras/SP, from 7 to 10 years old. It was performed a Spearman correlation test between BMI, WC and TSF variables. Also, was realized cross tabulation between th...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Profile of the graduates of the phd course of the postgraduate program in physical education: a case study at Federal University of Santa Catarina (2006 to 2018)
Abstract The aim of the study was to analyze the graduate ’ s profile of the PhD course in Postgraduate Program in Physical Education (PPPE), Federal University of Santa Catarina. Information from the 92 PhD graduates from 2006 to 2018 was collected from secondary sources of public domain sites. Three independent evaluators filtered the information through double typing. The data revealed that more than 50% of the graduates were male, 58.7% had a scholarship, and 27.8% had a sandwich doctorate in foreign institutions. Only 17.4% of graduates completed postdoctoral training. The highest proportion has employment as ef...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Development and reproducibility of an instrument to assess behavioral and environmental aspects related to cyclist safety
Abstract In urgency and emergency services, the bicycle is the second means of transportation more widely used by the victims at the time of the accident. However, aspects associated with major and minor accidents are poorly understood. The aim was to develop an instrument and test its reproducibility, in order to evaluate behavioral and environmental aspects related to cyclist safety. The instrument was based on footage taken through a camera attached to the cyclist helmet and from a review of literature. Take part in the study academics that used the bicycle to travel at least once a week. Participants were instructed to...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Percentile curves for Brazilian children evaluated with the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, 2nd edition
This study aimed to (1) create percentile curves and norms for the eight subtests of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, 2nd edition (BOT-2) for 6- to 10-year-old Brazilian children and to (2) compare them to the values of the original test manual. To that, we tested a sample of 931 Brazilian children (477 girls, 454 boys) with ages between 6 to 10 with the BOT-2 assessment. The LMS method was used to generate the percentile curves and normative values, with the LMSchartmaker Pro software version 2.54. Results demonstrate that girls had significantly higher scores for the fine motor precision, fine motor int...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Is the rating of perceived exertion planned by the personal trainer similar to subject’s perception? A pilot study
Abstract The present study aimed to compare the intensity planned by the Personal Trainers (PTs) with that perceived by subjects in resistance training. Six male and female practicing resistance training (4 males and 2 females with mean age 33.0 ± 6.16 years, 1.3 ± 0.55 years training with follow-up) and two PTs participated in the study (average 32.0 ± 4.0 years, postgraduates, with a five -year or more experience). The comparison between the intensity planned by the PT and the intensity experienced by the subjects was determined by the Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE). Previously, at the beginning ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship between body composition and physical capacities in junior soccer players
Abstract The number of studies related to soccer has been growing exponentially in the last years because the modality is considered the most popular in the world. It is known that the development of some specific physical capacities, even in young individuals, is essential to high-level performance and these capacities might be related to anthropometrics variables. The purpose of this study was to verify the relationship between body composition and physical capacities in young soccer players. Study participants were athletes from junior categories (under-12 and under-13) belonging to the Soccer Association of Chapec &oac...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute effect of intra-set static stretching on antagonists versus passive interval on the performance of maximum repetitions of agonists in leg extension machine
Abstract Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine that generates changes in the biomechanics of the rib cage. Digital photogrammetry enables the recording of subtle changes and the interrelationship between parts of the human body that are difficult to measure by other means. The aim of this study was to create angles and thoracic distances and to evaluate the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of these measurements using the Software de Avalia ção Postural (SAPO) in patients with AIS. This cross-sectional study evaluated 30 individuals aged between 11 and 1...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reliability measure of the rib cage deformity by a postural assessment software in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
Abstract Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine that generates changes in the biomechanics of the rib cage. Digital photogrammetry enables the recording of subtle changes and the interrelationship between parts of the human body that are difficult to measure by other means. The aim of this study was to create angles and thoracic distances and to evaluate the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of these measurements using the Software de Avalia ção Postural (SAPO) in patients with AIS. This cross-sectional study evaluated 30 individuals aged between 11 and 1...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Are there differences between the loading of an anaerobic capacity test and an agility test in basketball players?
The objective of this article was to know players ’ needs in the selected tests, to search for differences between categories and to know if there is any relationship between different tests. The sample consists of 2 teams (u-14, u-16, n=24), which were equipped with a WimuR inertial device. The selected tests were 2 agility tests and a lactic anaerobic capacity test. Neuromuscular and kinematic variables were selected. Descriptive analysis, inferential analysis and analysis of correlation among variables were carried out. Once players ’ needs are described, there are no significant differences among kinematic ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

How context influences the tactical-technical behavior of learners: the case of volleyball
This study compared the tactical-technical behavior between two distinct situations of reduced volleyball games. The sample consisted of 12 games played by doubles, 6 of which were played in 3.0m x 3.0m (SIT1) and 6 of 2.0m x 4.5m (SIT2) courts. Thus, the behavior of 12 participants, with mean age of 16.7 ± 1.5 years and 3.2 ± 1.2 years of practice, was compared. The results showed that at reception, better results were obtained in adjustment and decision making in SIT2, whereas in SIT1, efficiency was higher; in setting, it was observed that SIT2 presented better results in technical performance, adjustment ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - March 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research