RETROSPECTIVE Enterically Transmitted Non-A, Non-B Hepatitis and the Discovery of Hepatitis E Virus

The recognition of hepatitis E as a discreet disease entity in the late 1970s followed the development of serological tests for hepatitis A and the discovery that large waterborne outbreaks of hepatitis in India were not caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV). These "enterically transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis" outbreaks had distinctive epidemiologic features, including the highest attack rates among young adults, little secondary household transmission of infection, and severe disease in pregnant women. The responsible agent, hepatitis E virus (HEV), was identified several years later in extracts of feces from a self-inoculated virologist. Multiple genetically related HEV genotypes are now known to exist, two of which are common in domestic swine herds and the cause of sporadic cases of acute hepatitis in economically well-developed countries. HEV genotypes possess impressive genetic and biologic diversity, and present many unanswered questions concerning their natural host range, potential for zoonotic transmission, and disease pathogenesis.
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Enteric Hepatitis Viruses RETROSPECTIVE Source Type: research

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Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This study assessed the effect of a similar package but in urban settings of Kinshasa province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, in an effort to reduce the unmet need for post-partum family planning.MethodsYam Daabo was a multi-intervention, single-blinded, cluster-randomised controlled trial done in six primary health-care centres (clusters) in Kinshasa. Centres were randomly allocated to receive the six-component intervention or standard antenatal and postnatal care in matched pairs (1:1) on the basis of number of monthly births, the ratio of health workers per population in the health zone, and the urban and suburban s...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: FT.com - Drugs and Healthcare - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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Source: Ophthalmic Epidemiology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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