The Effects of Self-Care Intervention Programs for Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment.

This study examined the effects of a self-care intervention program on self-efficacy, dementia-preventive behavior, cognitive function, depression, and quality of life in elderly with mild cognitive impairment. The study employed a quasi-experimental study design using a nonequivalent control group pre-post. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test, independent t-test, and repeated-measures ANOVA. The results of the study showed that the program reduced dementia risk and strengthened self-care ability in older adults with MCI. PMID: 31322472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

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ConclusionsA history of MST is common among older women veterans and associated with a range of medical and mental health diagnoses. These findings call attention to the need for additional research in this understudied population, and the importance of trauma-informed care approaches for women across the lifespan.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: The scale is a both valid and reliable tool, and therefore it can be used to assess the positive aspects of caregiving in dementia caregivers.Clinical implications: The development of positive psychology measures in dementia care can be regarded as the cornerstone of the psychotherapeutic interventions addressed to caregivers, and therefore helping them to adapt better in their caregiving role. PMID: 31684839 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a short depression screening tool, the Saint Louis University (SLU) AMSAD depression scale, relative to the Geriatric Depression Scale –15 (GDS-15) and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and in relation to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders–Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria for major depressive disorder, in cognitively intact older adults.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Original Study Source Type: research
AbstractAim/BackgroundThe aim of this paper is to explore the appropriateness of applying the constraining aspects of the concept of “role captivity” to the experience of the caregiver of a person with dementia. Background literature was explored using the definitions of captivity in general along with an overview of zoo animals and humans involuntarily incarcerated or in kidnap/hostage situations.MethodsDefining attributes, a general definition based on the literature review, antecedents and consequences, and empirical referents are presented using the Walker and Avant concept analysis method. A model, related...
Source: Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: CONCEPT ANALYSIS Source Type: research
;k G Abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression among older people amounts to 1-5 % at the diagnostic level. Depression in older people may be chronic and is associated with an increased risk of dementia. No longitudinal studies have been conducted of depression in older people in Norway. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We have undertaken a multi-centre longitudinal observation study of 160 patients aged 60 years and above who had been treated for depression in departments of old-age psychiatry at specialist healthcare services in Norway. The patients were followed up on four occasions over a three-year...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research
MONDAY, Nov. 4, 2019 -- Analyzing people's tweets could reveal if they're lonely, researchers say. Loneliness -- which has been linked with depression, heart disease, dementia and other health problems -- affects about 1 in 5 adults in the United...
Source: - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: PmMCI experienced memory disorder as a burden and impairment. They expected diagnostic and therapeutic support. PmMCI with depressive symptoms expected psychotherapeutic treatment. PMID: 31671468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatrische Praxis - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Prax Source Type: research
Abstract Fronto-temporal dementia, also known as fronto-temporal lobular degeneration, is the second most common form of early-onset dementia with a prevalence equal to Alzheimer's dementia. Behavioural variant fronto-temporal dementia primarily involves the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Myelination of nerve fibres in these areas allow for highly synchronized action potential timing. Diagnosis is often significantly delayed because symptoms are insidious and appear as personality and behavioural changes such as lack of inhibition, apathy, depression, and being socially inappropriate rather than exhibiti...
Source: British Journal of Community Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Br J Community Nurs Source Type: research
Alzheimer's disease and other progressive neurodegenerative dementias are growing as the population ages. Managing dementia is challenging from economic, societal, and ethical perspectives. One significant ethical issue concerns people who want to avoid living with advanced dementia. Current strategies (suicide and traditional advance directives) are suboptimal or inadequate. Stopping eating and  drinking by advance directive (SED by AD) is a better potential solution.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Care Decisions at the End of Life Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this chapter is to describe physiological changes occurring with age relevant to fluid therapy, and to discuss the influence of fluid therapy on outcome of surgery from this perspective.Recent FindingsDehydration, common among elderly people, is often mistaken for dementia or depression. Dehydration with dizziness increases the risk of falling, a predictor for adverse outcomes after surgery.Young volunteers can excrete up to 300 mmol sodium per liter urine. Elderly people cannot achieve such a concentration emphasizing the importance of giving water to excrete the osmoles given with ...
Source: Current Anesthesiology Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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