Iranian Hospital Nurses' Lived Experiences of Emotional Intelligence: A Phenomenological Study.
Authors: Imani B, Mohamad Khan Kermanshahi S, Vanaki Z, Kazemnejad Lili A, Zoghipaydar M Abstract Emotional intelligence can help nurses improve their clients' satisfaction and health. The aim of this hermeneutic phenomenological study was to explore Iranian hospital nurses' lived experiences of emotional intelligence. Data collection was done through holding ten in-depth semi-structured interviews with ten hospital nurses. Participants were recruited from hospitals affiliated with Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran. Data analysis was done using Van Manen's ( 1997 ) six-step approach and resulted...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 2, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Turning the Tables: Power Relations between Consumer Researchers and other Mental Health Researchers.
Authors: Happell B, Gordon S, Bocking J, Ellis P, Roper C, Liggins J, Scholz B, Platania-Phung C Abstract A crucial development resulting from consumer involvement in mental health services has been engagement as active participants in mental health research, often conducted in collaboration with mental health researchers representing the health disciplines (referred to in this paper as 'other' researchers). Despite progress in mental health consumer research, unequal power relations continue to pose a major barrier. Although power issues are discussed in the literature, there is little research from the perspectiv...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Empowerment Program for Families of Persons with Mental Illness in South Korea: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Hyun MS, Nam KA, Kim H Abstract Families of persons with mental illness (PMIs) are considered important resources for PMIs rather than as contributors to their mental illness. However, these families experience not only the burden of caregiving but also social stigma and discrimination in various aspects of their lives, and their psychosocial needs tend to be overlooked. This was a pilot study to explore the effects of a brief empowerment program on the empowerment and quality of life of families of PMIs in South Korea. A repeated-measures design with a control group and pre/post-follow-up testing was used...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

The Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Craving and Dependence on Hookah in Suburban Pregnant Women in South East of Iran.
Authors: Mojahed K, Navidian A Abstract Hookah smoking during pregnancy is a health concern which requires effective interventions. Thus, the authors have aimed to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing on craving and dependence on hookah in pregnant women (n = 140) addicted to hookah who reside in the outskirts of Zahedan, a city in southeast of Iran. The subjects were selected using the convenience sampling and randomly divided into either the control or intervention group. The intervention group received five motivational interviewing group sessions about hookah smoking withdrawal, whereas the control ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

The Multiple Meanings of Walls.
Authors: Lesser J PMID: 29847192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Increase Adherence to Psychotropic Medication through Motivational Adherence Therapy: A Quality Improvement Project.
DISCUSSION: MISAT should be considered in other settings where patients diagnosed with SMI are faced with non-adherence to psychotropic medication, but the sessions' format should be structured to fit the patients' needs. PMID: 29847199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Harms to Consumers of Inpatient Psychiatric Facilities in the United States: An Analysis of News Articles.
Authors: Shields MC, Reneau H, Albert SM, Siegel L, Trinh NH Abstract Inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United States lack systematic regulation and monitoring of a variety of patient safety concerns. We conducted a qualitative analysis of 61 news articles to identify common causes and types of harms within inpatient psychiatric facilities, with a focus on physical harm. The news articles reported on patient self-harm, patient-patient violence, and violence between patients and staff, noting that youth, older adults, and veterans were especially vulnerable. Harms occurred throughout the care continuum - at ad...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

The Myth of the Well-Known Client.
Authors: Lakeman R Abstract A common idiomatic phrase in mental health care is "well known" client, patient, or service user. This phrase is often followed by "to mental health services" or some such, suggesting that a "service" can really know anything. Notwithstanding mental health services, especially public ones are a repository for a lot of information, such as facts about people, their service use, diagnosis, notes and assessments of various kinds; this conglomeration of information is not knowing, any more than a library may be "knowing". Knowing is a distinctly human ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) for the Early Diagnosis of Dementia Across a Variety of Healthcare Settings.
Authors: Christie J PMID: 29775136 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - May 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Introduction of Lisa L. Onega, Guest Editor of Special Issue on Geropsychological Nursing.
Authors: Thomas SP PMID: 29775137 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - May 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Betrayal in Nursing: Recognizing the Need for Authentic and Trusting Relationships.
Authors: Cleary M, Wilson S, Jackson D PMID: 29775138 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - May 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Burden and Strain among Familial Caregivers of Patients with Dementia in China.
CONCLUSION: Chinese familial caregivers of patients with dementia experience a moderate level of burden and a high level of strain. The main strain factors that affected the burden were changes in personal plans, time demands, and emotional adjustment. PMID: 29775139 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - May 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Mental Health Across the GlobeSpecial issue of Issues in Mental Health Nursing on the topic of.
Authors: Thomas S PMID: 29668365 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Loyalty in the Workplace: Some Considerations for Mental Health Nurses.
Authors: Cleary M, Lees D, Sayers J Abstract Nurses are expected to be loyal to their patients, employer and the nursing profession, while also remaining 'loyal' to their own values and aims as both a person and clinician. Loyalty therefore is of central importance to how we relate to people in personal and professional relationships and may affect our attitude to the organization we work for. This column explores the concept of loyalty, and its role in professional relationships, behaviour and practice. Ways that loyalty can be influential in achieving personal, patient and organizational outcomes are explored and...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Stigma of Sickle Cell Disease: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Bulgin D, Tanabe P, Jenerette C Abstract The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize the literature regarding health-related stigma in adolescents and adults living with sickle cell disease (SCD). Four domains were identified from 27 studies: 1) social consequences of stigma, 2) the effect of stigma on psychological well-being, 3) the effect of stigma on physiological well-being, and 4) the impact of stigma on patient-provider relationships and care-seeking behaviors. Current literature revealed that SCD stigma has detrimental consequences. Methodological issues as well as research and practice imp...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Disaster Mental Health Counseling: Responding to Trauma in a Multicultural Context.
Authors: Davenport LA PMID: 29648905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 13, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Support Needs for Family Caregivers of Clients with Mental Illness in Iran: A Qualitative Study.
Authors: Akbari M, Alavi M, Irajpour A, Maghsoudi J, Lopez V, Cleary M Abstract This paper explored the support needs of family caregivers of people living with a mental illness in Iran. This descriptive study focused on the experiences of 20 family caregivers as well as the views of 29 professional support workers through individual face-to-face interviews. From these interviews three key themes emerged in regards to the care needs of family caregivers: (i) social support; (ii) emotional support; and (iii) safety and security. These themes highlighted the complex role of caring for a family member with a mental il...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 13, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Body Image Perceptions of Women Veterans with Military Sexual Trauma.
Authors: Freysteinson WM, Mellott S, Celia T, Du J, Goff M, Plescher T, Allam Z Abstract The researchers were invited to a transitional home for homeless women veterans to help veterans with body image issues. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 12 veterans who perceived they had a physical difference due to military service. Data were obtained in focus groups where the veterans were invited to share stories. Ricoeur's hermeneutic phenomenology guided the study. The research team learned early in the data collection stage that 11 of the 12 participants suffered military sexual trauma (MST). Three structures em...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 13, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Implementing a Trauma-Informed Model of Care in a Community Acute Mental Health Team.
Authors: Moloney B, Cameron I, Baker A, Feeney J, Korner A, Kornhaber R, Cleary M, McLean L Abstract In this paper, we demonstrate the value of implementing a Trauma-Informed Model of Care in a Community Acute Mental Health Team by providing brief intensive treatment (comprising risk interventions, brief counselling, collaborative formulation and pharmacological treatment). The team utilised the Conversational Model (CM), a psychotherapeutic approach for complex trauma. Key features of the CM are described in this paper using a clinical case study. The addition of the Conversational Model approach to practice has e...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 13, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Implementation of an Interdisciplinary Communication Workgroup on an Acute Psychiatric Unit.
Authors: Burnett S, Brown L, Pettis DD, Jordan C, Pettus S Abstract Communication among Interdisciplinary Healthcare Teams is an essential component of providing optimal patient care. Staff members at one U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs on an Acute Psychiatric Unit identified fragmented communication on the unit and expressed interest in forming an interdisciplinary communication workgroup. This quality improvement (QI) project was designed to enhance communication among the Interdisciplinary Healthcare Team on the Acute Psychiatric Unit. A workgroup was formed and met four times at one-hour intervals. A pre/p...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - April 13, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Nurses' Experiences of Assessing Suicide Risk in Specialised Mental Health Outpatient Care in Rural Areas.
This study describes nurses' experiences of assessing suicide risk in specialised mental health outpatient care in rural areas in Sweden. We used a qualitative, descriptive design based on twelve interviews that were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the nurses felt anguish due to a lack of control. They expressed uncertainty and loneliness, and they struggled with ethical issues and organisational challenges. Having the sole responsibility to assess suicide risk can increase a person's emotional vulnerability and moral stress. Consequently, in order to prevent ill health among these nurses...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 14, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Announcement of Awards for Best Research Paper and Best Practice Paper of 2017.
Authors: Thomas SP PMID: 29517961 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 10, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Nurses' Experiences in using Physical Activity as Complementary Treatment in Patients with Schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: The uncertainty of the benefits of physical activity is evident in nursing staff and poses a resistance to implement systematic physical activity as a complementary treatment in schizophrenia. A new awareness of evidence based nursing is suggested to promote a wider and more receptive attitude to reduce patient vulnerability in persons with schizophrenia. PMID: 29505316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Our Ultimate Fellow Travelers: A Pilot Exploration of Sibling Support for Adults with Developmental Disabilities.
Authors: Lashewicz B Abstract People with developmental disabilities often experience needs for support that extend beyond the caregiving capacity of their aging parents and their siblings tend to be looked to as next-generation support providers. Yet, sibling support relationships are distinct for their simultaneously obligatory and voluntary nature. This pilot exploration, using in-depth focus group data from five siblings of people with developmental disabilities, is aimed at enriching understandings of the nature of, and expectations surrounding, sibling support for brothers and sisters with developmental disab...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Hispanic Mothers' Experiences with School-Based Emotional Health Curriculum and Perspectives of their Own Mental Health Needs.
This study provides preliminary evidence that mothers embraced the EHC as an accessible community mental health service for their children and sought greater involvement. PMID: 29505324 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Adult Children and the Transition of Aging Parents.
This study explores the experiences of adult children as they transition their functionally and/or cognitively declining aging parents from independent living to supervised housing. A qualitative grounded theory approach was used to chronicle the experiences of adult children as their caregiving responsibilities intensified and their parents' health declined. Purposive, snowball sampling was used to enlist adult children (n = 16) who were in the process of transitioning an aging parent from an independent living situation to one providing assistance with everyday care and tasks. Semi-structured telephone interviews were co...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Development of Vignettes to Explore Workplace Bullying.
Authors: Longo J, DeDonno MA Abstract Incivility and bullying in healthcare can impact care delivery and quality. There are challenges in research to making a direct link between the behaviors and patient outcomes. One way to address the challenges is through the creation of bullying vignettes that induce mood changes that reflect a feeling of being bullied. The purpose of this study was to develop workplace bullying textual vignettes and to test content validity. Cognitive interviewing was used by engaging content experts to rate 21 author-created vignettes for relevance, realism, and severity. Eleven vignettes we...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Frailty Syndrome in Association with Depressive Symptoms and Functional Disability among Hospitalized Elderly.
Authors: Tavares DMDS, Faria PM, Pegorari MS, Ferreira PCDS, Nascimento JS, Marchiori GF Abstract We sought to examine the frailty association with depression and functional disability in hospitalized older adults. In particular, we compared non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly hospitalized individuals. We performed a cross-sectional study with 255 hospitalized Brazilian elderly patients. We used a structured instrument to assess socio-economic data, the Fried frailty phenotype and used morbidity scales (Geriatric Depression; Katz; Lawton and Brody). The adjusted analysis revealed that frail elderly exhibit incr...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Physical Activity Preferences and Attitudes of Individuals with Substance Use Disorders: A Review of the Literature.
Authors: Simonton AJ, Young CC, Brown RA Abstract Substance use disorders (SUDs) are prevalent in the United States and costly to society. SUDs contribute significantly to decreased quality of life and overdose deaths. Physical activity (PA) interventions may be one efficacious method to improve recovery and long-term abstinence from substance use; although PA interventions have resulted in positive physical and psychological outcomes, their adherence and attrition rates have been problematic. To address lack of adherence and high attrition rates, it is important to understand the preferences and attitudes for PA a...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Bright Light Therapy to Treat Depression in Individuals with Mild/Moderate or Severe Dementia.
Authors: Onega LL, Pierce TW, Epperly L Abstract This secondary analysis examined whether the benefits of bright light therapy on depression are greater in persons with mild/moderate or severe dementia. Exploratory analyses were also conducted to determine if bright light treatment targets different depressive symptom clusters based on dementia severity. Analyses using total scores from the instruments, Depressive Symptom Assessment for Older Adults and the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, showed that bright light exposure is an equally effective intervention for depression in persons with both mild/modera...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Equine-Assisted Therapeutic Interventions Among Individuals Diagnosed with Schizophrenia. A Systematic Review.
Authors: Jormfeldt H, Carlsson IM Abstract Persons diagnosed with schizophrenia are not sufficiently offered health promotion interventions, notwithstanding their increased risk of bodily ill health. Physical activity is found to improve health and decrease psychiatric symptoms although, there is a challenge to motivate and increase physical activity in people with schizophrenia and innovative evidence-based treatment interventions are needed. The aim was to systematically review studies concerning equine assisted interventions among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. The findings of the six included article...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

An Ethnographic Study of Mental Healthcare Services for People with Mental Illness in Rural Thailand.
This study describes a contextual understanding of access to mental healthcare services for people with mental illness in three selected villages located in a rural district in Northeastern Thailand. An ethnographic approach was adopted wherein in-depth interviews and site observation were conducted. In all, 14 participants were interviewed, 9 persons with mental illness and 5 caregivers, between January and July in 2017. The study described how people with a mental illness and their primary caregivers experience access to mental health services. Three major cultural theme patterns emerged during the analysis: Theme 1- fam...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - March 7, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Telephone Intervention-Problem Solving (TIPS) for Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Responses of Stable Outpatients Over Nine Months.
Authors: Beebe L, Smith KD, Oppizzi LM Abstract Medication adherence and community living problems were assessed by a telephone intervention for stable outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. A majority were white males who lived with family members. We conducted a descriptive analysis of data gathered during weekly calls to 87 participants receiving weekly TIPS for nine months. Analysis included traditional atheoretical content analysis, Pearson correlations, and Chi squares. The following themes emerged: mood disturbances and related symptoms, psychotic symptoms, coping problems, medication adherence, ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 22, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

What Is the Impact of Targeted Health Education for Mental Health Nurses in the Provision of Physical Health Care? An Integrated Literature Review.
Authors: Hennessy S, Cocoman AM Abstract Individuals with a severe mental illness have a gap in life expectancy of up to twenty years in comparison to the general population. Nurses who work in mental health services have been identified as best placed to improve the physical health outcomes of individuals with mental illness. The literature identifies a lack of nursing knowledge related to physical health care and the presence of metabolic syndrome which is impeding nurses in providing essential physical health care to patients. An integrated literature review was carried out due to the dearth of research evidence...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 22, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Friendship and Mental Health.
Authors: Cleary M, Lees D, Sayers J PMID: 29465280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 22, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation among Irish Undergraduate College Students.
This study examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among 220 first year undergraduate university students in Ireland. Data were collected using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Suicidal Behaviours Questionnaire. Findings indicated that 59% of participants experienced depressive symptoms and 28.5% had suicidal ideation. Financial stress and poor relationships with both parents, increased the odds of experiencing depressive symptoms. Sexual orientation, financial stress, and poor relationships with fathers, increased the odds of experiencing suicidal ideation. Suici...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 22, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Word Ban? Wherefore "Vulnerable".
Word Ban? Wherefore "Vulnerable". Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2018 Feb 21;:1-4 Authors: Flaskerud JH PMID: 29465320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 22, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Survivor Notification of Post-Disaster Mental Health Services: An Integrative Review.
Authors: Langan JC, Krieger MM Abstract This integrative review identifies notification methods for psychiatric mental health services for adult survivors of natural disasters for articles published from 2011 through 2016. Databases searched included Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINAHL Plus, Ovid MEDLINE, and Ovid PsycINFO. The search was limited to English language. Initially, 273 titles/abstracts were reviewed, and 18 articles were retained for synthesis. Communication occurs through formal means of health care provider referrals and online programs (72%); informal supports are friends, family and clergy (28%). Ment...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 18, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Quality of Life and African American Women Who are Family Caregivers: A Literature Review with Implications for Psychiatric Mental Health Advanced Practice Registered Nurses.
CONCLUSION: PMH-APRNs are uniquely trained to address many factors that affect the QOL of these caregivers and may provide holistic care aimed at promoting satisfactory QOL for these caregivers. PMID: 29451830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 18, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Caregiver Reactions to Dementia Symptoms: Effects on Coping Repertoire and Mental Health.
Authors: Zauszniewski JA, Lekhak N, Musil CM Abstract Currently, 15 million informal caregivers, most of whom are women, provide care for older adults with dementia (Alzheimer's Disease Association, 2016). Caregiving for these individuals often creates distress and may adversely affect female caregivers' psychosocial and spiritual well-being. Approximately 35% of dementia caregivers complain of health deterioration after initiating caregiving responsibilities as compared to 19% of caregivers of older adults who do not have dementia (Alzheimer's Disease Association, 2016). Persons with dementia exhibit symptoms...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 18, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Health Risks among People with Severe Mental Illness in Psychiatric Outpatient Settings.
Authors: Blomqvist M, Ivarsson A, Carlsson IM, Sandgren A, Jormfeldt H Abstract Life expectancy is greatly reduced in patients with schizophrenia, and cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of mortality. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and to investigate the relationships between self-rated health, sense of coherence, CVD risk, and body mass index (BMI) among people with severe mental illness (SMI) in psychiatric outpatient settings. Nearly 50% of the participants were exposed to moderate/high risk of CVD and ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Stigma and Spiritual Well-being among People Living with HIV/AIDS in Southern Appalachia.
Authors: Hutson SP, Darlington CK, Hall JM, Heidel RE, Gaskins S Abstract The Appalachian South is disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Partly due to the negative connotation that this disease carries in religiously conservative areas, HIV-related stigma remains a critical barrier to HIV care in the South. However, spirituality is a well-documented, effective coping mechanism among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between HIV-related stigma and spiritual well-being among a sample of PLWH (n = 216) in Appalachian counties of Tennessee and Alabama usin...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Parents' Knowledge and Beliefs about the Impact of Exposure to Media Violence on Children's Aggression.
Authors: Al-Ali NM, Yaghy HS, Shattnawi KK, Al-Shdayfat NM Abstract The current study aimed to assess Jordanian parents' knowledge and beliefs about the effects of violent media on children's aggressive behavior. A sample of 262 parents of children aged 6-11 years completed a Media Quotient questionnaire about children's media habits, media effects, and children's aggressive behavior. Parents reported that their children spend an average of 4.83 h (SD = 2.12) watching TV, 3.20 h (SD = 2.29) playing video games, 1.07 h (SD = 0.88) listening to music, and only 0.52 min (SD = 0.67) reading for...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

The Relationship between Anxiety, External Structure, Behavioral History and Becoming Locked into Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study utilized an online survey to explore the relationship between anxiety, external structure, the measurement of RRBs and behavioral history of being locked into RRBs. A significant relationship was identified between level of anxiety and a history of becoming locked into RRBs. The likelihood of becoming locked into RRBs increased at times of decreased external structure in the routine of people with ASD. PMID: 29436876 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

What is the Psychosocial Impact of Disasters? A Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Leiva-Bianchi M, Ahumada F, Araneda A, Botella J Abstract The psychosocial impact concept improves the understanding of the effects of disasters on people and communities. However, its definition is not clear. This work explores consistencies between studies (k = 21) that refer to the psychosocial impact of disasters by way of a meta-analytic synthesis. This synthesis indicates that people are more prone to illness when they are exposed to a disaster, and less when they are protected (OR = 2.737). Please check the change conveys the intended meaning or amend Nevertheless, there are no differences in health...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Development of a University Campus Healthy Sleep Promotion Program.
This article provides a preliminary evaluation of a campus sleep health program for undergraduate university students. In this study, 5 focus groups with 38 undergraduates assessed perceptions about sleep in relationship to college experiences. Additionally, 35 undergraduate students participated in campus sleep improvement workshops, and completed a brief self-report survey before and after the workshop. Results showed five themes emerged from focus groups: (a) Sleep and its impact on academics, (b) Understanding of the importance of sleep, (c) Procrastination and its impact on sleep, (d) Stress, and (e) Sleep and extracu...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

An Exploration of the Perspectives of Associate Nurse Unit Managers Regarding the Implementation of Smoke-free Policies in Adult Mental Health Inpatient Units.
CONCLUSION: The findings from this research may help to improve the understanding of the practical challenges that Associate Nurse Unit Manager's face in the implementation of smoke-free policies with implications for policies, nursing practice, education and research. PMID: 29436879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing)
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Cotard's Syndrome Triggered by Fear in a Patient with Intellectual Disability: Causal or Casual Link?
Authors: Sottile F, De Luca R, Bonanno L, Finzi G, Casella C, Calabrò RS Abstract Cotard's syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disease characterized by a variety of nihilistic delusions, commonly associated with several psychotic and major affective disorders, and neurological diseases, including stroke, dementia, and mental retardation. A 39-year-old male with mental retardation developed Cotard's syndrome, following an important episode of fear. During admission to our neurological unit, the patient underwent an accurate assessment, including neuroradiological, clinical, and neuropsychological examinations. At ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Psychiatric Nurses' Attitudes Towards Violent Behaviour: A Brazilian Study.
This study examines nurses' attitudes towards violent behaviour and the management of aggressiveness. A convenience sample of 185 nurses working in psychiatric urgent care and emergency services in Brazil responded to the MAVAS-BR. The results show that nurses' attitudes are more reflective of the external and situational models of violent behaviour and the use of control methods to manage aggressiveness. The mapping of this phenomenon using the same tools in a different context from those traditionally studied while observing similar results suggests a pattern of attitudes towards violent behaviour and the management of a...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research

Type-D Personality and Elevated Psychological Symptoms In Early Adjustment of Severe Burn Injury Patients.
This study aimed to investigate Type-D in severe burn injury patients, specifically regarding the presence of psychological symptoms in early treatment, using data gathered during a pilot study conducted at a severe burn injury unit. The DS-16, Davidson Trauma scale and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale scores were analysed along with demographic and clinical data in 54 participants (40 males, 14 females). Participants who were found to have Type-D displayed significantly higher levels of psychopathology. Additionally, Type-D was found to be a significant predictor of psychological symptoms. PMID: 29436882 [PubMed - ...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - February 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research