Concepts of mental disorders in the United Kingdom: Similarities and differences between the lay public and psychiatrists.

CONCLUSION: The adapted MAQ appeared accessible to the lay sample. Results suggest that the lay public are generally aligned with evidence-driven concepts of common disorders, but may not always understand or agree with how mental health professionals conceptualise them. The possible causes of these differences, future avenues for research and the implications for more collaborative, patient-clinician conceptualisations are discussed. PMID: 31311429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

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ConclusionsSuicidal ideation and suicide attempt among currently or recently homeless individuals were both strongly associated with clinical variables. Based on the study results, specific interventions may be promoted to improve screening of homeless individuals with suicidal behavior and prevent hospitalization such as training programs and brief care management interventions, addiction liaison nurses, improved access to primary or specialized ambulatory services, and further development of case management and outreach programs for homeless individuals, especially those with functional disabilities.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial.ParticipantsBoth healthy good sleepers, who do not report having any current sleep problems, and individuals who report having sleep problems, will be recruited for the present study. This is a single-site study (Northumbria University). This study will be delivered using the internet and there are no geographic restrictions. Individuals who self-report as poor sleepers will meet DSM-5 criteria for acute insomnia, which is where individuals: 1) have difficulties in falling asleep, staying asleep, or awakening too early for at least three nights per week, for a time period...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is recognized as one of the strongest genetic risk factors for the development of psychopathology, including dramatically increased prevalence of schizophrenia anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Despite sharing a homogenous genetic deletion, the psychiatric phenotype in 22q11DS still present significant variability across subjects. The origins of such variability remain largely unclear. Levels of parental psychopathology could significantly contribute to phenotypic variability of offspring psychopathology, through mechanisms of gene x ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The journals of APA Publishing are receiving numerous submissions on aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. To get information about findings to the field faster, Psychiatric News is posting summaries of these submissions soon after journal submissions are accepted.More than 20% of patients diagnosed with depression, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia who receive care at a large Chinese medical center reported they were not able to receive their routine care due to suspended hospital visits during the COVID-19 pandemic. This was one of the findings of a survey reported in an article in press in theAmerican Journal of Psychiatry...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: American Journal of Psychiatry COVID-19 and mental health deterioration hospital restrictions not getting routine care survey in China telepsychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The current study found a significant stigma towards individuals with mental disorders and a desire for social distance from such people among non-mental health professionals in general hospitals in Hunan Province. Anti-stigma interventions should focus on addressing non-mental health professionals' beliefs on dangerousness and unpredictability.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest GWAS of anxiety traits to date. The authors identified novel genome-wide significant associations near genes involved with global regulation of gene expression (SATB1) and the estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1). Additionally, the authors identified a locus (MAD1L1) that may have implications for genetic vulnerability across several psychiatric disorders. This work provides new insights into genetic risk mechanisms underpinning anxiety and related psychiatric disorders. PMID: 31906708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe instruments listed are recommended as at least adequate for the assessment of anxiety in psychosis on the basis of these preliminary data. Further validation of existing instruments designed to measure anxiety in people with psychosis is strongly recommended.Practitioner points Anxiety has a developmental and maintaining role in psychosis; therefore, we should routinely screen for symptoms of anxiety when working with people with psychosis spectrum disorders. Studies included in this review reported reliable and valid measures of anxiety for people with psychosis; however, the methodological quality of mo...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This article is intended to provide an overview of the literature regarding mental disorders associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and to present own research on depression and sexual dysfunction in this group. PMID: 31760419 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Major limitations of the reviewed studies were short trial duration, small sample sizes, and the lack of control groups. Defining the potential role of DUL in the treatment of psychiatric disorders other than major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder needs further randomized, placebo-controlled studies.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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