Molecular characterization and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in environmental substrates from three dairy farms in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Source: International Journal of Environmental Health Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionThere was high rate of AEs of Linezolid treatment in children who received long time regimen, and the AEs might relate to treat course and dose. Hematologic toxicity was the most frequent AE in children. It is necessary to monitor the blood test and lactic concentration regularly during Linezolid treatment.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe proposed sequencing method allowed identification of mutations in the entire rpoB gene. This procedure represents a useful tool for diagnosing rifampicin resistance. The number of mutations that were found raises new questions about the diversity of mutations in the rpoB gene and their role in rifampicin resistance in regions where TB is endemic.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our work demonstrates the utility of machine learning as a flexible approach to drug resistance prediction that is able to accommodate a much larger number of predictors and to summarize their predictive ability, thus assisting clinical decision making and single nucleotide polymorphism detection in an era of increasing WGS data generation.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, he pointed to the “profound” challenges we face, saying: “I am confident that if we continue and strengthen international co-operation and seize the opportunities already available, while creating even more opportunities, we can overcome them – together”.   ‘A political choice’ Universal health coverage means all people regardless of their ability to pay, having access to the health care they need, when and where they need it, without facing financial hardship. Congratulating world leaders, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General at the World Health Or...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Global Headlines Health Human Rights Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Despite using advanced diagnostic techniques, establishing the final cause of the cat's illness was a lengthy process. The skin lesions could contribute to the transmission of the bacteria in the environment. Non-targeted treatments could also cause antimicrobial resistance. PMID: 31559813 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Ann Agric Environ Med Source Type: research
Source: Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (RSTMH). Published: 9/17/2019. This 30-page report is an analysis of survey data looking at 25 years of progress in and the future challenges for tropical medicine and global health. According to its findings, the biggest challenges to global health are the climate crisis; drug resistance, including antimicrobial resistance and multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis; and emerging epidemics. Mass migration, and the health and nutrition implications of climate-ravaged food supplies were also highlighted as major challenges to global health. (PDF)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsTaken together, our results demonstrated that PAS resistance and mutations in katG, inhA promoter or oxyR-ahpC intergenic region in INH resistant M. tuberculosis has little effect on pasiniazid susceptibility.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
“This strain of tuberculosis (TB) is XDR-TB – extremely drug resistant tuberculosis– and is, as the name implies, highly resistant to the standard treatments,” says professor and TB/HIV expert Jason Farley, PhD, MPH, ANP-BC, AACRN, FAAN. HIV weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of TB in people with HIV. Dr. Farley’s Center, The REACH The post There’s a new cure for the deadliest strain of tuberculosis. So what’s that mean for the REACH Initiative’s HIV research in South Africa? appeared first on Johns Hopkins Nursing Magazine.
Source: Nursing Blogs at Johns Hopkins University - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: On the Pulse antimicrobial resistance hiv REACH initiative TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsResistance to isoniazid and rifampicin was observed at levels similar to those published nationwide, with rates of multi-resistance being somewhat lower. Rates of HIV-tuberculosis co-infection have decreased considerably.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionThese results may be of value in rapid molecular detection of MDR- and XDR-TB isolates in clinical samples in Hebei Province.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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